THE DEVELOPMENTAL GUIDELINES TO PREVENT ADOLESCENT SEXUAL RISK BEHAVIORS IN COMMUNITY

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มณีรัตน์ เทียมหมอก เกศินี สราญฤทธิชัย

Abstract

          This technical action research proposed to develop guidelines to prevent sexual risk behaviors among adolescents in community. Empowerment was used as a conceptual framework of the study. There were 47 study participants including 22 Adolescents aged 13-19 years, 18 parents, 2 Public health officers, and 5 community leaders. The study started from January 2016 to January 2017 dividing into 3 phases; phase I: situational analysis about adolescent sexual risk behaviors, phase II: plan, implementation, observation, and reflection of the guidelines, and phase III: evaluation and summary of the developmental guidelines to prevent adolescent sexual risk behaviors. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics for quantitative data and content analysis for qualitative data. The results shown the different risk levels of adolescents’ sexual behaviors from low to high. There were several factors affecting sexual risk behaviors among adolescent including nurturant parent model, friendship, media technology, and lack of parent-adolescent communication about sex. The developmental guidelines on sexual risk behavior prevention at a personal level are to empower adolescents to prevent sexual risk behaviors by providing them with knowledge and life skills. The guidelines at a family level are to improve parental communication about sex with youths. At the community level, the guidelines are to improve community leaders’ consulting skills related to sex for adolescents and their parents. The guidelines was followed up and evaluated for three weeks in order to gain obstacles and problems together with an encouragement to practice the guidelines continually.

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บทความวิจัย