Main Article Content
Controlling plasma glucose should be a major concern especially in older patients with diabetes.The purposes of this research were to examine: (1) self-management for the plasma glucose control in uncontrolled diabetes elderly; and (2) relationships among related factors including, body mass index, self-care knowledge, perceived self-efficacy and social support, and self-management for the plasma glucose control in uncontrolled diabetes elderly. The simple random sampling technique was used to recruit 100 elderly with uncontrolled diabetes who had visited a diabetes clinic. The self-care knowledge questionnaire, perceived self-efficacy questionnaire, social support questionnaire and self-management in elderly patients’ diabetes disease questionnaire were used to collect data.The reliability coefficients of these scale were .88, .93, .95 and .96, respectively. Descriptive statistics and the Pearson’s product moment correlation were employed to analyze data.
The results indicated that the elderly with uncontrolled diabetes had high level of self-management (Mean=70.10, SD=12.44) The perceived self-efficacy, self-care knowledge, and social support had significant positive correlation to self-management for the plasma glucose control in uncontrolled diabetes elderly at moderate levels (r= .65, .36, .30, respectively.)
The findings of the study provide a backdrop to promote self-management for controlling plasma glucose in the uncontrolled diabetes elderly by enhancing their perceived self-efficacy, self-care knowledge and social support.