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The purpose of this study was to examine factors affecting dementia risk-reducing behaviors among older adults in Bangkok. This study included 374 older adult by using multi-stage sampling method. The instruments included the dementia risk-reducing behaviors questionnaires and the health belief questionnaires consisting of perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, and cue to action dementia risk-reducing behaviors. Content validity index of the questionnaires were 0.94, 0.88, 0.88, 0.86, 1.00 and 1.00, respectively. Reliability (Chronbach’s alpha coefficient) were 0.72, 0.71, 0.77, 0.89, 0.89 and 0.79, respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression with enter method.
The results revealed that the older adult sample had dementia risk-reducing behaviors at high level (Mean = 3.63, S.D. = 0.50). Factors affecting dementia risk reducing behaviors in older adult included cue to action (β =.27, t = 4.26, p<.001), female (β = .24, t = 4.58, p < .001, perceived susceptibility of dementia (β = .17, t = 2.42, p < .05), number of chronic diseases (β = .15, t = 2.91, p < .01), and age (β = .12, t = 2.39, p < .05). Independent factors significantly explain 18% of variance in dementia risk-reducing behaviors (R2 = .18, p < .001).
บทความที่ได้รับการตีพิมพ์ เป็นลิขสิทธิ์ของวารสารวิทยาลัยพยาบาลบรมราชชนนี กรุงเทพ ไม่สามารถนำไปตีพิมพ์ซ้ำในวารสารฉบับอื่น