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This descriptive correlation study aimed to examine the relationships among knowledge, self-care agency, behavior, and urinary sodium level. The participants were 251 nursing students and staff of the Boromarajonani College Nursing, Phayao. Data were collected using Demographic Data Form, the Knowledge of Dietary Sodium Reduction Scale, the Dietary Sodium Reduction Self-care Agency Scale, and the Dietary Salt Reduction Self-Care Behavior Scale. The spot urine was collected and analyzed for sodium concentration. Descriptive statistics and the Pearson's product moment correlation were used. The results showed that, 235 participants were female (93.63%) and 200 (79.68%) were students. Majority of them bought their meals from food vendors and went out to restaurants, instead of cooking oneself (82.07%) while 90 participants (35.86%) preferred salted food. The average amount of urinary sodium excretion was 2,432 mg/day. (Range = 345-6,969 mg/day, SD = 1,309 mg/day). Knowledge was positively significantly related to self-care agency and behavior (r=.342, and .325, respectively; p<.01). Otherwise, knowledge, self-care agency, and behavior were not significant related to urinary sodium level (r =.069, .043, and .020, respectively; p > .05). It is recommended that the campaign to reduce the consumption of high sodium foods should be promoted at the individual and community level.
บทความที่ได้รับการตีพิมพ์ เป็นลิขสิทธิ์ของวารสารวิทยาลัยพยาบาลบรมราชชนนี กรุงเทพ ไม่สามารถนำไปตีพิมพ์ซ้ำในวารสารฉบับอื่น
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