Main Article Content

วรรณวดี เนียมสกุล


This article aims to describe using didactic strategies as a teaching design that the teachers employ knowledge and art in teaching and learning. The didactic strategies are the guideline to provide proper teaching and learning for the learners and determine learning objectives to be congruent with the contents. The strategies establish active teachers who can design lively teaching and learning atmosphere leading to active learners, critical thinking, and lifelong learning. According to the effectiveness of the didactic strategies, the author applied them into the concepts, theory, and nursing process subject in the contents of environmental model of nursing: Florence Nightingale. VARK learning style and Dale’s learning pyramid were the components employed in the Nightingale theory to the first year of nursing students in order to meet the different learning preferences of them. As a result, the didactic strategies are beneficial to happiness in learning, better understanding the contents, and the retention rate of learning. The nursing students are able to apply their knowledge about the environmental model of nursing: Florence Nightingale for providing appropriate care to the clients.


Article Details

How to Cite
เนียมสกุลว. (2018). APPLYING DIDACTIC STRATEGIES ON TEACHING NURSING THEORY. Journal of Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok, 34(3), 145-154. Retrieved from


Alkhasawneh, I., Mrayyan, M. T., Docherty, C., Alashram, S., & Yousef, H. Y. (2008). Problem-based learning (PBL): Assessing students’ learning preferences using VARK. Nurse Education Today, 28, 572-579.

Alkhasawneh, E. (2013). Using VARK to assess changes in learning preferences of nursing students at a
public university in Jordan: Implication for teaching. Nurse Education Today, 33, 1546-1549.

Chaisung, P. & Thepstitporn, S. (2015). A study of learning styles of nursing students at Saint Theresa
International College: Nakhonnayok. A research report. Retrieved from:
files/gs28_attachment_files/files/348/ED_032.pdf? 1402718868. (in Thai)

Edgar, D. (1969). Audio-visual methods in teaching. (3rd ed.): Holt Rinehart Winston.

Fleming, N. D. (1995). I am different; no dumb. Mode of presentation (VARK) in the tertiary classroom,
Research and Development in Higher Education: Proceedings of the 1995 Annual Conference of
the Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australia, 18, 308-313.

Fleming, N. D. (2004). VARK: A guide to learning styles: Retrieve from www.vark-learn. com/english.

Meehan-Andrews, T. A. (2009). Teaching mode efficiency and learning preferences of first year nursing students. Nurse Education Today, 29, 24-32.

Neamsakul, W. (2016). Effects of teaching by using didactic strategies on learning achievement of environmental model of nursing: Florence Nightingale of the first year nursing students. Boromarajonanee College of Nursing, Uttaradit Journal, 8(1), 84-98. (in Thai)

Panich, V. (2012). Knowledge creation: Retriere from The Fontys UAS Team. (2013). Training/course manual. Fontys University of Applied Science: The Netherlands.

Vohaus, J. (2010). Learning styles in vocational education and training. In: Penelope, P., Eva, B., Barry, M.(Eds.), International encyclopedia of education. Elsevier, Oxford, 376-382.