The use of economic instruments for reducing the consumption of lightweight plastic carrier bags in the European Union

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Abstract

The European Union (EU) has developed many answers to environmental
issues related tothe excessive consumptionof disposal plastic bags, by exploring how
selected mechanisms toachieve reductioninlightweight plastic carrier bags inEurope.
Economic measures, suchas charges, taxes and internal market restrictions,have been
widelyused by some Member Statesof the EU (e.g. Bulgaria, Denmark, France, Ireland,
England) to reduce their use of lightweight plastic carrier bags. Recently, the financial
and marketabletoolsunder theEU Directive2015/720of theEuropeanParliament and
of the Council of 29 April 2015 amending Directive 94/62/EC as regards reducing the
consumption of lightweight plastic carrier bags setting out a regime of responsibilities
of reduction in the amount of lightweight plastic carrier bags in EU Member States,
contain a clear picture how these responsibilities – including implementation of
economic mechanism that encourages to reduce the use of lightweight plastic carrier
bags. This paper aims to explore similarities and differences between economic
instrumentsofEU MemberStates (i.e. taxesonsome plastic bags,charges for single-use
plastic carrier bags etc.). In order to attain the key aims of this paper, this comparison
between EU Member State jurisdictions analysed shared effective steps to be taken to
reducetheexcessiveconsumptionof lightweight plasticcarrier bags inEurope.This paper
also critically examined some questions surrounding the EU regulatory frameworks by
meansofensuringharmonisationof reducing theconsumptionof disposal plastic bags.

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บทความวิชาการ (Academic Paper)

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