Borrowed khmer derivatives appearing in thai textbooks literary appreciation series matthayomsuksa

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Chonthicha Jankhao Anan Arreepong Jarinya Tammashoto

Abstract

This article is intended for educational purposes by investigating the use of words derived from Khmer language in 27 pieces of literary work in the Thai textbook series for literaryappreciation in Matthayomsuksa level (High School) approved in B.E. 2551 by the Ministry of Education as the foundation core curriculum. The words were checked for their meanings according to 1) the Khmer-Thai dictionary number 1-5 compiled by Praya Anumarnrartchaton, 2) Traces of Khmer Language in Thai Language Book by Uraisri Varasarin, 3) Dictionary of Borrowed  Words from Khmer language in Thai language and 4) Khmer Use - Thai Borrow Book of Santi Pakdeekam, and 5) The Dictionary of Royal Academy, B.E. 2554. The data were reported in descriptive form. The study indicates two issues in adoption of words derived from Khmer in the literary work series of Matthayomsuksa 2. The use of derived Khmer language served firstly the rhyming schemes and sounds, and secondly the poetic and word play in prosody. The demonstration of borrowed words and derived Khmer language used in Thai language reflects the wisdom and poetic ability of the poets to employ a large number of derived Khmer words and borrowed words to create melodious and interesting literature.

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References

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