Factors Related to Intent to Stay Among Faculty Members in Nursing Colleges,The Republic of Malawi

  • เชอวา มาเซนจีรา Lecturer, Nursing Education, Malawi College of Health Sciences, Lilongw
  • รัตนาวดี ชอนตะวัน คณะพยาบาลศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยเชียงใหม่
  • ฐิติณัฏฐ์ อัคคะเดชอนันต์ คณะพยาบาลศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยเชียงใหม่
Keywords: Intent To Stay, Malawi, Faculty Turnover


                 The shortage and high turnover among faculty members of nursing institutions make it necessary to explore their intent to stay in the organization. This descriptive correlation study aimed at describing intent  to stay (ITS) and exploring the relationship between ITS and related  factors,  including organizational commitment,faculty–administrator relationship, pay satisfaction and job opportunity. The sample consisted of 113 faculty members from 13 nursing colleges in th Republic of Malawi. The research instruments were the Measure of Organizational Commitmen (MOC), the  Leader-member Exchange Instrument (LMX-7), the Pay Satisfaction  Questionnaire (PSQ), the Job Opportunity Scale (JOS) ,and the Intent to Stay Scale (ITSS). Validity  of the instruments was tested by original authors. The reliability coefficients of the MOC, LMX-7, PSQ, JOS and  ITSS were .84, .82,.81, .71 and .73, respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson’s product moment correlation, and Spearman’s  rank-order correlation coefficient.

                  The results of the study revealed that:

                 1.The overall mean score of  intent to stay was at a low  level. Most of the  subjects (62.83%)  reported  low intent to stay.

                  2.There was a statistically significant moderate positive  relationship between organizational commitment and intent to stay.

                  There was a statistically significant weak positive relationship between  faculty administrator relationship and intent to stay.

                  3.There  was no significant relationship between pay satisfaction  and intent to stay.

                  4.There was a statistically   significant negative relationship between job opportunity and intent to stay.

                  The results of this study could be used by administrators of nursing institutions as baseline information in developing strategies that enhance intent to stay among  faculty members, by considering related factors.