泰国小学一年级汉语拼音多媒体课件的设计与实验研究 —以美塞幼儿园学校为例

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Kittikun Saeyang 番秀英 博士 周品生 教授

Abstract

本研究目标是通过设计泰国小学一年级汉语拼音多媒体课件,来对比学 生在使用汉语拼音多媒体课件前后学习能力的变化。以及评估学生对汉语拼 音多媒体课件的满意度和寻找多媒体课件教学的可靠性。结合多媒体课件理 论,以汉语拼音多媒体课件为例,以美塞幼儿园学校一年级汉语班 25 名学 生为对象,本文共设计8课时进行教学实验,以实验法,采取“单组前测、后 测设计”方法来探讨学生在学习前后汉语拼音多媒体课件能力的变化,利用 t-test dependent,结合平均数(x)、标准差 (S.D.)进行数据统计分析。得出研究结果如下:

一、汉语拼音多媒体课件辅助教学,具有重要组成的部分有图、文、 声、动画和视频。汉语拼音多媒体课件辅助教学工具设计是按照快乐学汉语 教程设计的,全部设计共8课,每课包含课前练习、课文、课后练习和检查课 后练习结果四部分。 课时安排为16课时,共计16小时。

二、汉语拼音多媒体课件具有一定的可靠性,通过前后数据比较,我们 可以看出E1/E2分别为80.15/87.2,这表示合格率已达到百分之八十以上。

三、学生前测和后测成绩的平均值、标准差和百分比对比结果显示,实 验学生前测和后测成绩的平均数分别为:64.36和70.76,成对样本检验的显 著性为 .001。学生在学习汉语拼音多媒体课件后,多数学生能正确拼读、认 清拼音字形和书写,加强了学生对汉语拼音的认别能力。

四、对汉语拼音多媒体课件教学法满意度问卷调查数据显示,大多数学 生对“汉语拼音多媒体课件教学”感到满意,总评分为4.76分(满分为5分。

 

The Design and Experiemental Study of Thailand in First Grade Multimedia Courseware Pinyin

This research target is through the design of the Chinese Pinyin with multi-media courseware in Grade 1st of the elementary school in Thailand to compare the variety of the students’ learning before and after learning the Chinese Pinyin with multi-media courseware, and to assess the satisfaction of the students for the Chinese Pinyin with multi-media courseware, as well as to look for the reliability for the multimedia teaching. Combination of the Theory for multimedia courseware and taking the example of the Chinese Pinyin with multimedia courseware , 25 students were chosen in 1st grade of Chinese professional class in Mei-Sai Kindergarten School,eight hours of teaching experiment was designed. Adopt the method of “single-measure before and after design” to inquire into the variety of learning-ability with the Chinese Pinyin with multimedia courseware. Make use of the t-test dependent, and S.D.to carry on the analysis of data statistics. The research results were as follows:

1. The assisted instruction of Chinese Pinyin with multimedia lesson teaching has the parts with the importance containing pictures, texts, voices, animations and video. The tool design of Chinese Pinyin with the multi-media lesson assisted education was planed from the Chinese Pinyin lectures with happiness. They were all composed of 8 lessons. Each lesson contains four parts: the practices before the lesson, texts, the practice after lessons and checking the practice after lessons. The lesson is arranged to 16 lessons, and up to 16 hours.

2. The courseware of Chinese Pinyin with the multi-media lesson teaching has the certain credibility. With the comparison of data after and before the experiment, we can see that E1 is for 80.15 and E2 is for 87.2. It indicates that the qualified rate is already up above 80%.

3. The results of average value of achievement, standard deviation, the comparison of percentage with students’ tests before and after the experiment show: The averages of achievement before and after the experiment with students in experiment are respectively for 64.36 and 70.76. The distinctiveness of inspection with pair samples is .001. After learning the Chinese Pinyin with the multi-media lesson, most students can spell and read correctly, recognize the font of pinyin and writing. The strengthen of the software was students could recognize the Chinese Pinyin.

4. The display of survey data for satisfaction of the Chinese Pinyin with the multi-media lesson teaching showed that were most students satisfied with the Chinese Pinyin with the multi-media lesson teaching .The total grade point is 4.76 .(full grade is 5 )

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