A Study of Porn Pirom’s Compositions and Thai Thao Composition Composed from Porn Pirom’s Melodies

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Manop Wisuttipat Aiumporn Raksawong

Abstract

          The objectives of this research are to study the biography and compositions of Porn Pirom and to study Thao repertoires composed from Porn Pirom’s melodies and to compose a Thao repertoire form his melody.


          The study was conducted by analyzing 6 songs of different genres, comprising 4 Loog Toong songs which are Grathom Thong Gwao, Bua Toom Bua Baan, Nam Ta La Sai, and Jam nai Jaak; 1 Rajnikloeng melody which is Dao Loog Gai part 1 and 2; 1 Lae melody which is Wang Mae Loog On part 1 and 2.The study of the Thao repertoires composed from Porn Pirom’s melodies are Thong Gwao Thao and Bua Toom Bua Baan Thao. The new composition composed from Jam Jai Jaak melody is Piromporn Thao.


          The result of the study revealed that his registered name is Boonsom Meesomwong. He is the eldest among 11 siblings in the family. He married Ms. Rabiab Paknam and has a son namely Mr. Rangsan Meesomwong. Porn Pirom is talented in multiple aspects, e.g. Li-Ge performing, movie dubbing, singing and composing both text and melody. Especially in singing and composing Loog Toong songs, he won golden record awards in 1966 from his composition Bua Toom Bua Ban and Dao Loog Gai. His last residence was Wat Rattanachai, Phranakhon Sri Ayudhaya province, as a monk. 


          His Loog Toong compositions are found in both unitary and binary forms. The lyrics are composed in Klon Taiad, Klon Hua Diew and Klon Paed poetic form. He made use of main melody and manipulated it. For the Rajniklerng and Lae songs, a short melody is repeatedly sung on a different text. Thai traditional ensemble is used to accompany these songs. The Thao repertoires composed by a National Artist, Master Samran Koedpon, are Thong Gwao Thao and Bua Toom Bua Baan Thao. These two songs are composed from Gratom Thong Gwao and Bua Toom Bua Baan respectively. Master Samran made use of melodic augmentation and diminution techniques to complete the Thao form. Adhering
to principles of Thao composition, the corresponding ending notes at the end of each Nha Tap, a rhythmic cycle, are maintained. 


          “Piromporn” Thao is a Thao repertoire composed from Porn Pirom’s melody by the researcher. This Thao repertoire was composed from Jam Jai Jaak song whose original melody is used as Chan Diew melody. By maintaining the same ending tones at the middle and at the end of each rhythmic cycle to complete the Thao form, the researcher made use of augmentation techniques to compose the Song Chan melody, Sam Chan melody and use diminution techniques to compose Kreung Chan melody.

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References

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