เจดีย์ทรงระฆังสกุลช่างกำแพงเพชร การผสมผสานรูปแบบสุโขทัย ล้านนาและอยุธยา (Bell-shaped Stupas of Kamphaengphet School: An Amalgam of Sukhothai, Lanna and Ayutthaya Art Styles)

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ดร.ศักดิ์ชัย สายสิงห์

Abstract

Abstract


Kamphaengphet was an important city in the Sukhothai period. After the Sukhothai kingdom merged into the Ayutthaya kingdom, the city remained important as a center connecting Ayutthaya with Lanna. Thus, the art works of Kamphaengphet portray a mixture of Sukhothai, Ayutthaya and Lanna art styles. One significant example is the city’s stupas which are called “the bell-shaped stupas of Kamphaengphet School ” and were built around the 16th century A.D.


This group of stupas can be further categorised into three groups, as follows :


Group I  Bell-shaped stupas with a mixture of Sukhothai and Ayutthaya styles (the stupa with surrounding lion figures): This category has three tiers of sloping moldings and a square form above the bell-shaped form that is reminiscent of Sukhothai-styled bell-shaped stupas. However, the usage of lions as decorations shows an influence from Ayutthaya.


Group II Bell-shaped stupas with octagonal bases (the typical type of Kamphaengphet): This group shows an amalgam of Sukhothai and Haripunchai-Lanna art styles. Their important characteristics are a multi-tiered octagonal base decorated with large pointed moldings.


Group III Bell-shaped stupas with a mixture of Sukhothai and Lanna art styles (the stupa with a set of Lanna-styled bases): The important features of this group is a three-tiered lotus base supporting a bell-shaped form, derived from Lanna-styled bell-shaped stupas

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