Formation and Political Movement of People, Community Networks Phu Tham and PhuKra Tae, Amphoe Wang Noi, KhonKaen Province

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Amnuay Sangchuay

Abstract

The purposes of this study were 1) to study the factors that causes the gathering of the people in the Community Forest Conservation and Restoration Network in PhuTham and PhuKra Tae, Amphoe Wang Noi, KhonKaen Province, 2) to study the political movement method of the people in that area, 3) to study the impact of the political movement of the people in the area. This is a Qualitative Research. A questionnaire with an in-depth interview was used as the research tool. There were 30 participants which were divided into three main groups as follows: 1) Ten leaders and members of the Community Forest Conservation and Restoration Network in PhuTham and PhuKra Tae, 2) Ten people who work as Sub district Administrative Organization officers, local chief, village chief, and park rangers, 3) Ten people who work as academicians, journalists, non-governmental organization officers, and residents. The data were analyzed by using content analysis and were presented in descriptive form.
The results show: 
1. There were two main factors caused the gathering of the people. The first factor was from two external factors which were The Centralization of Political Power, and The National Economic and Social Development Strategies. The second factor was from an internal factor which was the strength of the community’s culture.  2. The political movement methods were varied, for example the expansion of social space to create the ally, the demonstration, the civil disobedience, and the training for Environmental Conservation Volunteers. 
3. There were some impacts of the political movements in three aspects. The 1st is political aspect: the group of people is strong as they could negotiate with the government, manage the uses of the forest, and create the harmony among the group of people. The 2nd is economy aspect: the people earn more income as the forest was rehabilitated, so they can collect more products from the forest to sell at markets. The 3rd is social aspect: there is a good relationship between people in the community and the forest. People assigned some group of people to monitor the forest in case of any harms. Also, they planted more trees in the forest, preserved trees in the forest, and made an auspicious ceremony called Su Kwan to Lahanna Lake. These activities are the combination of local cultures and religious ceremonies that make the people cherish and preserve the forest more. 

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บทความวิจัย (Research Article)