International Journal of East Asian Studies 2018-09-07T22:31:46+07:00 Poowin Bunyavejchewin Open Journal Systems <p>The <strong><em>International Journal of East Asian Studies</em> (IJEAS)</strong> is an internationally refereed, bilingual (English and Thai) journal devoted to publishing humanities and social sciences research on issues related to East and Southeast Asia. It aims to be a venue for authors seeking to share their evidences and interpretations on emerging and compelling topics in the scholarship on the region. It also endeavors to be a synergy between discipline-based scholars and area specialists, who come from different academic backgrounds, contributing their knowledge collectively both for educational purposes and for society as a whole. The IJEAS is indexed in the ASEAN Citation Index (ACI) and the Thai-Journal Citation Index (TCI). The Journal has both printed and electronic editions.</p> Analysis of the Aesthetics of Contemporary Sculptures Suitable for Public Parks in Thailand 2018-09-07T14:44:47+07:00 Adool Booncham Songkoon Chantachon Sastra Lao-Akka <p>The purpose of this research was to examine the background, current conditions, problems and body of aesthetic knowledge of contemporary sculptures suitable for public parks in Thailand. The research area covered Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Phuket, Songkhla, Krabi and Ubon Ratchathani provinces in which there are constructions of contemporary sculpture permanently installed in the public parks. The research procedure used the qualitative research methodology. Data were collected from related literature and field studies using survey, interviews and focus group discussion from a group of 129 informants. The findings were presented by means of a descriptive analysis. The results show that there are 101 constructions of contemporary sculptures permanently installed in 15 parks across Thailand. The aesthetics of the contemporary sculptures in the public parks consists of 3 aspects: content, form and relationship with the environment and activities of the people who use the public parks.</p> 2018-08-21T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Pearl Raising in Guangxi Province and Its Importance to the Local Economy 2018-09-07T14:47:43+07:00 Wang Yangming Sastra Laoakka Boonsom Yodmalee <p>This research adopted a cultural qualitative research method and had three aims: (a) to study the background of pearl raising in Guangxi Province, People’s Republic of China; (b) to study the current conditions and problems with pearl raising in Guangxi Province, People’s Republic of China; and (c) to study pearl raising and its effects on the economy of Guangxi Province, People’s Republic of China. The research area was selected using a purposive sampling method and three sample groups were chosen to provide data for the investigation: six key informants, six casual informants and 68 general informants. Data was collected by observations, interviews, focus group discussions and a workshop. All collected data was validated using a triangulation method and the results are presented here as a descriptive analysis. The results show that China is considered a world leader in the cultivation and production of pearls. Pearls are white, pink and gold gemstones derived from oysters and may be considered the only gemstones to come from animals. The environmental conditions for pearl raising are crucial because any variation may have a disastrous effect on the oysters. Current problems with the pearl industry in Guangxi Province come from a lack of knowledge and understanding of technology. Pearl oysters are animals that have a positive effect on the economy by creating jobs and generating income. They thus have a huge economic and commercial value to the people of Guangxi Province, People’s Republic of China.</p> 2018-08-21T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Taiwan’s “New Southbound Policy” and Its Implications for Thailand 2018-09-07T14:49:40+07:00 Sanyarat Meesuwan <p>Aimed at understanding the New Southbound Policy’s motives and its chances of success, this research employed James Rosenau’s <em>Linkage Politics and Theory of Change and Continuity</em>, and Robert Putnam’s <em>Two-level Game Theory</em> as the principal analytical tool. Exploring the interconnections between Taiwanese government and domestic interest groups, it finds President Tsai Ing-wen’s New Southbound Policy has been designed primarily to help boost Taiwan’s economy, while substantially reducing economic reliance on China; and that ASEAN members toward the south are among the target countries. However, whether or not her New Southbound Policy will achieve its objectives depends in large measure on the direction of current development of relations between the US and China, particularly the on-going tensions and uncertainties between these two countries and their principal allies in and around the South and East China seas, and on the Korean Peninsula. As a target country of Taiwan’s New Southbound Policy, Thailand—herself in dire need of boosting the national economy, while laying a sustainable internal security and political structure for the foreseeable future—simply cannot ignore Taiwan’s initiative. Meanwhile, she cannot overlook China’s intense concerns in regard to strategic, political and military maneuverings of the US and allies in the South and East China seas. It seems logical that Thailand would choose to respond positively to the economic aspect of Taiwan’s New Southbound Policy, while maintaining a “non-intervention position” on the politics of Peking-Taipei ties.</p> 2018-08-21T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## U.S. Smart Power in Southeast Asia During the Obama Administration: More Hard or Soft Power? 2018-09-07T14:51:34+07:00 Chamaiporn Siangyen <p>This article examines the U.S. smart power strategy employed in Southeast Asia by the Obama government. It argues that, even though under the leadership of Obama the United States claimed to pursue a new and softer approach to reengaging Southeast Asian states, the U.S. rebalancing strategy did not in fact differ much from that of the Bush administration. Evidence shows that, although the Obama administration professed to change to a smart power framework, considerably more resources were still allocated to hard power than soft power. Hence, the essence of American smart power, as conducted by President Obama, was predominantly an extension of the hard power policies of his predecessor.</p> 2018-08-21T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## History of Relationship Between Republic of Korea and Japan, 1965-2009 2018-09-07T22:27:18+07:00 Nophadol Chartprasert <p>This research aims to study the history of the relationship between Japan and Republic of Korea from 1965 to 2009. From the study, the relationship can be divided into 3 periods: 1965–1983, 1983–2001 and 2001–2009. The relationship has gradually transformed from tensional and confrontational relations in the 1960s and the 1970s to become more interdependent since 1980s. However, since the 1980s, tensions between the two countries have occasionally occurred. Consequences of conflicts in the past, territorial disputes, security problems in the East Asia, the alignments with the US, economic developments and domestic politics can be considered as major factors which have determined the relationship between these two countries during the mentioned period.</p> 2018-09-05T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## South Korea’s Soft Power: Strengths and Limitation 2018-09-07T22:29:29+07:00 Kitti Prasirtsuk <p>This article, as a part of the Research Report titled “Soft Power Policy towards ASEAN among China, Japan, and South Korea: Implications and Lessons for Thailand,” analyzes Korea’s soft power particularly in ASEAN contexts. According to Joseph Nye, soft power resources can be classified into three elements, namely culture, values, and foreign policy. On culture, Korea has strengths in K-Wave pop culture, as demonstrated by the high popularity in celebrities, music, movies, and TV series. Period movies and TV series also help promote Korean traditional culture as well. Significantly, building upon the popular K-Wave, Korea is also able to market its tourism, cosmetics, plastic surgery, and other Korean products in general. For values, Seoul presents its twin success in state-led capitalist development and democratization, while emphasizing environment protection later on. However, Korea lacks continuity and systematic promotion. This shortcoming also reveals in its foreign policy that promotes the status of a middle power and high-profile roles in international organizations. Korea’s foreign policy tends to be disrupted with presidential change and its preoccupation with the North Korea issue. In sum, Korea is strong in culture, but still has considerable limitations on values and foreign policy.</p> 2018-09-05T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## From Policy to Implementation: The Role of Thai Universities in Developing Region Through Education Integration in ASEAN 2018-09-07T22:31:46+07:00 Sunida Aroonpipat <p>ASEAN has been publicly recognized that the state has played a leading role in developing the regional cooperation. With the dominated role of state in ASEAN, it has raised the question on the role of other actors apart from state that also pushes forth the cooperation at regional level. Therefore, the study on non-state actors helps understand not only the development of regional cooperation more comprehensively but also the phenomenon developed from the bottom (or non-state actors) which is believed to be the more sustainable path of regional cooperation by the scholar in the group of “regionalization”.</p> <p>This study focuses on the process of developing ASEAN from the bottom through the role of Thai universities. It shows that although the attempts of ASEAN and Thai government agency have institutionalized and formalized the education cooperation at regional level and national level, this has not yet stimulated the education cooperation from the bottom implemented by Thai universities due to the inconsistency of university’s ASEAN policy, the diverse directions of the university strategies, and ASEAN as a minor interest of Thai universities.</p> 2018-09-05T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##