Chophayom Journal 2019-05-31T05:58:56+07:00 ผู้ช่วยศาสตราจารย์ ดร.รังสรรค์ สิงหเลิศ Open Journal Systems <p>วารสารช่อพะยอม เป็นวารสารในสาขาวิชามนุษยศาสตร์และสังคมศาสตร์ จัดทำโดยคณะมนุษยศาสตร์และสังคมศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยราชภัฏมหาสารคาม มีวัตถุประสงค์เพื่อตีพิมพ์เผยแพร่ผลงานทางวิชาการในสาขาวิชาสังคมวิทยา สาขาศิลปศาสตร์ และศึกษาศาสตร์ มีกำหนดตีพิมพ์เผยแพร่ปีละ 3 ฉบับ ฉบับที่ 1 เดือนมกราคม- พฤษภาคม ฉบับที่ 2 เดือนมิถุนายน - ตุลาคม ฉบับที่ 3 เดือนพฤศจิกายน - ธันวาคม</p> ปกใน 2019-05-30T22:57:04+07:00 กองบรรณาธิการ กองบรรณาธิการ <p>ปกใน</p> 2019-05-30T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## กองบรรณาธิการ 2019-05-30T23:00:54+07:00 กองบรรณาธิการ กองบรรณาธิการ <p>กองบรรณาธิการ</p> 2019-05-30T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## บทบรรณาธิการ 2019-05-30T23:03:08+07:00 รังสรรค์ สิงหเลิศ <p>บทบรรณาธิการ</p> 2019-05-30T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## สารบัญ 2019-05-30T23:07:25+07:00 กองบรรณาธิการ กองบรรณาธิการ <p>สารบัญ</p> 2019-05-30T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Satisfaction of Chinese Major Students Toward Chinese Curriculum (New Curriculum 2012), the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, RajabhatMahaSarakham University 2019-05-31T05:58:44+07:00 ณิชาภา ยศุตมธาดา อดิเรก นวลศรี อัญชนา ทองกระจาย <p>The purposes of the current study were to study and compare satisfaction levels of&nbsp;Chinese major students toward Chinese curriculum (New curriculum 2012), the Faculty of Humanities&nbsp;and Social Sciences, RajabhatMahaSarakham University. The target groupwas the 79 fourth&nbsp;year students studying in 2017 academic year selected by purposive sampling method. The research&nbsp;instrument was a set of questionnaire designed in 5 Likert Scales. Statistics used in data&nbsp;analysis and hypothetical testing were Percentage, Mean, Standard Deviation, t-test (Independent&nbsp;Samples) andF-test (One-way ANOVA).&nbsp;The results of the study were as follow:&nbsp;1. The overall satisfaction level of the fourth year students studying in the curriculum was found<br>at high level, and all aspects of satisfaction were also found at high level.&nbsp;2. There was a significant difference between the participants with different genders at the statistical&nbsp;level of .05 in the aspect of learning management. The other aspects and overall satisfaction&nbsp;were found with no significant difference. There were significant differences between students&nbsp;with different group of study at the statistical level of .05 in terms of overall satisfaction and five&nbsp;aspects including curriculum structure, learning management, content of curriculum, instructors,&nbsp;and assessment. Lastly, there was no significant different between the participants with different&nbsp;levels of GPA in overall and each aspect of satisfaction.&nbsp;Keywords : satisfaction, students, BA. in Chinese</p> 2019-05-31T02:35:56+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Students’ Competence in Cross-Cultural in International School of Tourism 2019-05-31T00:02:21+07:00 ชุลีวรรณ ปราณีธรรม จิตรี ไทรทอง เบญญา จริยวิจิตร จีรติ พูนเอียด <p>Cultural Competence is a concept about learning proper principles of another culture to be applied to the daily life of people in the era of globalization with cultural and racial diversities.&nbsp;The integration of the ASEAN Economic Community and advances in science and technology&nbsp;are the factors contributing to the increasing of cultural exchanges. These issues may affect&nbsp;human’s way of life, beliefs, attitudes and behaviors towards cultural diversity. The objectives of<br>this research were: 1) To study the level of students’ competence in cross-cultural in International&nbsp;School of Tourism of Suratthani Rajabhat University and 2) To study the comparison of students’&nbsp;competence in cross-cultural by characteristics variables. The population was 843 students&nbsp;from International School of Tourism of Suratthani Rajabhat University. The sample for this research&nbsp;was 271 students in Semester II, Academic Year 2016 collected by stratified sampling technique.&nbsp;Questionnaires were used for data collection. Frequency, percentage, mean, standard&nbsp;deviation, t-test, and One-Way-ANOVA were used to analyze the data. The results revealed that:&nbsp;1) The cross-cultural competency of the sample was found at high level (Mean = 3.80).&nbsp;The highest average level was cultural skill (Mean = 3.93), followed by working as a team across&nbsp;the various cultures (Mean = 3.88), cultural awareness (Mean = 3.84), cross-cultural communication&nbsp;(Mean = 3.80), and cultural knowledge (Mean = 3.54), respectively.&nbsp;2) The comparative study of cross-cultural competencies by variables gender, age,&nbsp;education level, religion, income, and language used in daily life was found that the mentions&nbsp;variables did not affect the competence in cross-cultural. It could be concluded that male and&nbsp;female, do not have different levels in cross-cultural performance.&nbsp;Keywords : Competence, Cross-Cultural</p> 2019-05-30T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Techniques and Arrangements for Classical Guitar by Hucky Eichelmann : A Case Study of The ASEAN Guitar Album. 2019-05-31T05:58:45+07:00 วัชรานนท์ สังข์หมื่นนา ณรงค์รัชช์ วรมิตรไมตรี <p>This study of Hucky Eichelmann’s Techniques and chords arrangement of classical&nbsp;guitar is aimed to study the history and specific musical work of Hucky Eichelmann’s techniques&nbsp;and chords arrangement of classical guitar. The song was chosen on the ASEAN guitar album to&nbsp;motivate in music analysis based on Western musical theory.&nbsp;The analysis of western music theory, the techniques, and the chords arrangement&nbsp;results that Hucky Eichelmann has adapted ASEAN music to composing and arranging classical&nbsp;guitar. Most melodies are improved in sequence and repeated in every song. The time signatures&nbsp;used 4/4, and there is a use of the triplets to make music more interesting.&nbsp;There are six techniques of playing the classical guitar, 1) Arpeggiation 2) Natural&nbsp;Harmonic 3) Strumming It’s a hit with a right-handed chord 4) Rasqueado 5) GolpeIt is a technique&nbsp;of knocking the guitar of the guitar6) Legato One more beat, more than three notes In this song,&nbsp;technique used Open Tune (chord Em, E B E G B E) respectively.&nbsp;To arrange chords, there are three main chords used: I, IV and V. There are four&nbsp;techniques of classical guitar chord arrangement; 1) Melody and Accompaniment 2) Interval&nbsp;Texture 3) Bass Line Melody 4) Pedal Tone. It results that Interval Texture is used the most, and&nbsp;Bass Line Melody comes second in use.&nbsp;Keywords : Techniques Guitar, Arrangement for Classical Guitar.</p> 2019-05-31T02:47:10+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Development of Administration model for STEM Education Under the Office of the Secondary Education Service Area 27 2019-05-31T05:58:45+07:00 นายเกรียงไกร ทานะเวช อัฐพล อินต๊ะเสนา <p>This research study has two objectives: 1) to identify factors and the indicators of&nbsp;administration for STEM education under the Office of the Secondary Education Service Area 27.&nbsp;2) to investigate its ideal situation of administration for STEM education under the Office of the&nbsp;Secondary Education Service Area 27. The study consisted of two steps. In the first step, five&nbsp;experts were selected using the purposive sampling in order to identify both the factors and indicators&nbsp;of administration for STEM education under the Office of the Secondary Education Service&nbsp;Area 27. In the second step, the researcher used the stratified random sampling in order to&nbsp;select 260 samples from various groups as follows: school directors, deputy directors department<br>of Academic Affairs, heads of science department, heads of mathematics department, heads of&nbsp;career and technology department from educational institutions under the Office of the Secondary&nbsp;Education Service Area 27. After that, analysis of current situation, ideal situation and needs&nbsp;assessment as a guide to the study best practice for the development of administration model&nbsp;for STEM education under the Office of the Secondary Education Service Area 27. The tools used&nbsp;in the research are the evaluation form, of identify factors, the indicators and questionnaire. The&nbsp;statistics used in the research were the Mean, Standard Deviation and the PNI.&nbsp;The results showed that: 1) there were seven factors and 43 indicators of administration&nbsp;for STEM education under the Office of the Secondary Education Service Area 27. The first<br>factor were policy formulation and organization planning, the second factor was curriculum<br>development, the third factor was the development of teachers’ performance, the fourth factor&nbsp;was learning administration, the fifth factor were supervision and evaluation, the sixth factor was&nbsp;networking for development and the last factor were research and development. The results of&nbsp;the assessment of suitability and feasibility of administration for STEM education under the&nbsp;Office of the Secondary Education Service Area 27 were at the highest level. 2) The current situation&nbsp;of administration for STEM education under the Office of the Secondary Education Service&nbsp;Area 27 was at moderate level ( <img title="\bar{x}" src="\bar{x}">= 3.40, S.D. = 1.04) and the level of ideal situation of administration for STEM education at high ( <img title="\bar{x}" src="\bar{x}">= 4.49, S.D. = 0.67). In order of modified Priority Need Index&nbsp;(PNI) from most to least were networking for development, research and development, curriculum&nbsp;development, learning administration, supervision and evaluation, the development of teachers’<br>performance and policy formulation and organization planning, respectively.&nbsp;Keywords : Administration model for STEM Education</p> 2019-05-31T00:37:24+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Study on the Late Antenatal Care Pregnant Women in Public Heath Region 5 2019-05-31T00:51:46+07:00 สุวรรณี นาคะ สกาวรัตน์ เทพรักษ์ อุทัยวรรณ โคกตาทอง <p>This research objectives were to study on the causes, situations and the factors affecting&nbsp;the late antenatal care (ANC) pregnant women in Public Heath Region 5. The cross sectional&nbsp;study for surveying and purposively selected were conducted with sample of 2,355 late-ANC&nbsp;pregnant women with at gestational age more than 12 weeks or never ANC at hospital of ministry&nbsp;of public health in Public Health Region 5. Questionnaire was used for data collecting of 2,355<br>people with purposive sampling. Its content validity was 0.50 and reliability with 0.86. The sample&nbsp;was gathered during July – November 2014. The descriptive statistics of percentage, mean and&nbsp;standard deviation and inferential statistic of chi-square test were used for data analysis.&nbsp;The result showed that the majority of sample was the age 20-35 years old [63.4%],&nbsp;the age 13-19 years old [28.6%] junior high school education [37.8%], hired occupation[34%],&nbsp;marital status with living together [88.4%], main salary from husband [36.8%]. They use health&nbsp;insurance right (golden card) [71.4%], be pregnant before [56.1%], never abortion [87.7%], have&nbsp;ANC [97.0 %], first ANC at District hospital [53.2%], first ANC at 16-20 weeks pregnancy [55.0%].&nbsp;The causes of late ANC because they don’t know that it must be ANC within 12 weeks [35.4%].&nbsp;They don’t known or be not sure whether pregnant or not [33.8% and they have other burdens<br>[17.1%]. Babies have normal birth [76.8%] with birth weight more than 2500 grams [90.1%], and&nbsp;have birth weight less than 2500 grams [9.9%]. Apgar Score at first minute with 8-10 scores [98.4%].&nbsp;Data of health self-evaluation of women during pregnant at high level [48.1%] and at moderate&nbsp;level [62.7%]. Their opinion about pregnancy at moderate level [66.0%]. Travel expense, hospital,&nbsp;and service providing for recommendations of health knowledge during deliver and after deliver&nbsp;were at moderate level [62.5%]. People and environment support for ANC was at moderate level&nbsp;[62.5%]. Factors of education associated to practices of pregnant women during pregnant and&nbsp;health throughout pregnant, education level of pregnant women and husband associated to&nbsp;people and environment support for ANT, and occupation of pregnant women at statistically&nbsp;significant level (p &lt;.05).&nbsp;The recommendation with this study is that the health organization of every levels&nbsp;should have measure or guideline for promoting ANC service including developing Tambon Health&nbsp;Promotion Hospitals where there are professional nurse to be able for ANC. This is also able to&nbsp;communicate about ANC service for free in the air war level by Department of Health, Ministry&nbsp;of Public Health and National Health Security Office at ground war. The health volunteer should&nbsp;help to search the pregnant women and give them an important information and benefit about&nbsp;ANC to make pregnant women and baby to get qualified health care.&nbsp;Keywords : pregnant women, late Antenatal Care pregnancy, Public Health Region 5</p> 2019-05-31T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Development Competency Indicators of Local Organization Administrators in Southern Isan Group 2 2019-05-31T05:58:47+07:00 สุมิตรชา ซาเสน เสาวลักษณ์ โกศลกิตติอัมพร ทรงศักดิ์ จีระสมบัติ <p>This research had three objectives: 1) to study of sub-district administrators competency&nbsp;in Southern Isan Group 2 2) To develop the sub-district administrators of the competency&nbsp;indicators in Southern Isan Group 2 3) to test the agreement of competency indicator’s structural&nbsp;model of sub-district administrator in Southern Isan Group 2 by creating and developing from&nbsp;empirical data. The informants in-depth interview included 20 experts and sample were 300 subdistrict administrators in Southern Isan Group 2. An instrument used in this research was a questionnaire&nbsp;with five levels of rating, reliability at 0.908 and content validity ant 1.00. Data were&nbsp;analyzed with computer package for data analysis. The results of the research were found that:<br>1) The competency of sub-district administrators in Southern Isan Group 2 had two&nbsp;main competency. 1) The principle competency and 2) The administrator’s competency.&nbsp;2) The results of the developing the subdistrict administrators of the competency&nbsp;indicators in Southern Isan Group 2. From the synthesis of the in-depth interview to determine&nbsp;the indicator found that draft indicators majority met for the purpose of research and appropriate.&nbsp;The details of the indicators that have been synthesized from the in-depth interview of 58<br>indicators.&nbsp;3) The results of analysis in the empirical components of structural model’s agreement<br>for subdistrict administrators in Southern Isan Group 2 was found that such a model was in consistent<br>with empirical data Chi- square at 86.161, with, degree of freedom (df) at 30, probability&nbsp;value (P-value) at 0.6708 , comparative fit index (CFI) at 0.942, Trucker Lewis Index (TLI) at 0.914,&nbsp;Standard Root Mean Square Residual (SRMR) at 0.050, Root Mean Square Error of Approximation&nbsp;(RMSEA) at 0.079.&nbsp;Keywords : Development Indicators, Competency Administrator, Local Organization&nbsp;Administrators in Southern Isan Group 2</p> 2019-05-31T00:55:56+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Transformation of the Thai Economic Systems of Trading from Sukhothai period until Early Rattanakosin Period. 2019-05-31T05:58:48+07:00 ณัฐกานต์ เกาศล <p>The economic system of sea transaction from Sukhothai period to early Rattanakosin&nbsp;period was transformed according to the social status of the country. During Sukhothai period,&nbsp;the economic system was a self-reliant system. The main focus was on agriculture. Then people&nbsp;started to have a transaction with foreigners in Ayutthaya period and the economic system in this&nbsp;time was monopoly under national treasury. In early Rattanakosin period, free trade system was&nbsp;used. Therefore, the transformation of the economic system of trading of each period reflected&nbsp;the social status of Thailand during each of those periods.<br>Keywords : Economy system of trading, Sukhothai period, Ayutthaya period, Early&nbsp;Rattanakosin period</p> 2019-05-31T03:02:49+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Development of English Vocabulary Learning by Using Game for Grade 2 students 2019-05-31T05:58:48+07:00 ชฎาพร ยางเงิน <p>The objective of this research were 1) To study the development of learning English&nbsp;vocabulary using games for students in grade 2. 2) Development activities for learning English&nbsp;vocabulary using games for students in Grade 2, effective 80/80. 3) To compare the achievement&nbsp;of students before and after learning English, learning English vocabulary using games. 4) Study&nbsp;the student satisfaction toward the event of students in Grade 2. The target used in this research&nbsp;is students in grade 2 Phakumarnsuksa School, Phayakkhaphum Phisai district, MahaSarakham&nbsp;Province, 20 people by purposive Sampling. The finding of the Research found that 1) development&nbsp;activities to learn vocabulary in English through the game. for students in grade 2, there<br>were 10 plans including 1.1) Introduce myself 1.2) My family 1.3) My Pet 1.4) Conversation at&nbsp;schools 1.5) Things in my school, 1.6) Food and drink 1.7) Repeat to Introduce myself 1.8) Parts&nbsp;of body 1.9) My favorite color 1.10) Number 2) Lesson plans develop activities for learning English&nbsp;vocabulary using games for students in Grade 2, Including performance management plan, learn&nbsp;English vocabulary using games for students in grade 2 is equal to 83.89 / 82.46.The higher than&nbsp;Efficiency criteria defined. 3) Learning achievement of students learning English vocabulary using&nbsp;games. After learning higher than that before learning at the 0.05 level of significance. 4) The&nbsp;satisfaction of students in Grade 2 at the event to learn English vocabulary using games. Overall&nbsp;the high level ( <img title="\bar{x}" src="\bar{x}">= 4.13)&nbsp;Keywords : Development Activities, English Vocabulary Learning</p> 2019-05-31T01:20:31+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Development of School Library Management Model of NakhonPhanom Primary Educational Service Area Office 2 2019-05-31T05:58:49+07:00 กิ่งใจ รัตนแสนศรี วาโร เพ็งสวัสดิ์ วันเพ็ญ นันทะศรี <p>The objectives of this study were to develop and examine the suitability of School&nbsp;Library Management Model of Nakhon Phanom Primary Educational Service Area Office 2. The&nbsp;study was conducted research which could be divided into 2 phases. The first phase was the&nbsp;study of relevant concepts and theories, the synthesis of relevant articles and researches, and&nbsp;the inquiry of 5 experts’ opinions, selected by purposive sampling. The second phase was the&nbsp;study of school directors and teachers in school under Nakhon Phanom Primary Educational&nbsp;Service Area Office 2 in the academic year B.E. 2561, totally 330, selected by multi-stage random<br>sampling. The tool used in data collection was a 5-level rating scale questionnaire with discrimination&nbsp;power between 0.40 – 0.88 and reliability value at 0.99 Statistics implemented in data&nbsp;analysis were frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation.&nbsp;The research results were as follows:&nbsp;1. The Development of School Library Management Model of Nakhon Phanom&nbsp;Primary Educational Service Area Office 2 comprised of elements, namely 1) supporting factors;&nbsp;2) management scope; 3) supervision Management process; 4) results of the administration.&nbsp;2. The Development of School Library Management Model of Nakhon Phanom<br>Primary Educational Service Area Office 2, namely school directors and teachers, both in an&nbsp;overall and in each element, was at the highest level. Each element could be ranked from the&nbsp;highest to the lowest mean value as follows: supporting factors, results of the administration,&nbsp;supervision Management process and management scope.&nbsp;Keywords : Model, Model Development, School Library Management</p> 2019-05-31T01:42:46+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Effectiveness of Thai Herbal Wrap for Osteoarthritis of Knee at Prapokklao Hospital, Chanthaburi Province. 2019-05-31T05:58:49+07:00 กรกฎ ไชยมงคล <p>Effectiveness of herbal wraps (Poultice) for knee pain relieving, anti-inflammatory,&nbsp;reduced joint swelling in patients with osteoarthritis of knee. The researchers choose to experiment&nbsp;with nine different herbs and spices, the studies have shown that the herbal wraps can&nbsp;reduce inflammation and have cooling effects on elderly patients who suffer from knee Osteoarthritis.&nbsp;The research framework and duration was conducted with qualitative research and experimental&nbsp;research which selected 20 subjects by using purposive sampling method.&nbsp;Results shown that most of volunteers are satisfy with the Thai herbal wrap. It can&nbsp;help to relief pain and reduce joint swelling of knees after treated with an herbal blend of nine&nbsp;herbs and spices wrap. The researcher concluded that all nine herbs and spices have the same&nbsp;effects of anti-inflammation and pain relieve for osteoarthritis patients. They divided the herbal&nbsp;effects into two main groups, the first one had a warming effects which helps increase circulation&nbsp;blood flows, relief pain and reduce bruises. They are consist of Cassumunar ginger, Ginger, and&nbsp;Asian spider flower. The second group had cooling effects that helps cooling the body and antiinflammation of joints which contain green chiretta, cluster fig, Polynesian arrowroot, Harrisonia&nbsp;perforata, Capparis, and Bai Ya Nang. It helps relief pain and reduce symptoms of Osteoarthritis&nbsp;of knee, increase range of movement in the joint. Moreover, all natural herbs in the herbal wrap&nbsp;may not cause any harms to the joint and the body. In term of the severity of pain scale, the&nbsp;result shows that the pain score was decreased after using the herbal wrap. The score decreased&nbsp;from 6 to 2 and 5 to 1 are seven subjects in each group. Six subjects indicate the score decreased&nbsp;from 4 to 1.&nbsp;According to the effectiveness of herbal wraps, the researcher suggested that this&nbsp;herbal wraps (Poultice) for knee is considered as an alternative treatment for patients with knee&nbsp;osteoarthritis and need to conduct more research in order to support and prove that oriental&nbsp;medicine is an alternative way to treat osteoarthritis of knee patients.&nbsp;Keywords : Effectiveness, Herbal wrap, Osteoarthritis of knee, Elderly</p> 2019-05-31T01:53:31+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Relativity between Geert HofstedeMulti-Culture with Perception Tourism Interpretation Signs 2019-05-31T05:58:50+07:00 เกสสิณี ตรีพงศ์พันธุ์ <p>This research were both of qualitative and quantitative. The objective are 1) to educate&nbsp;efficiency of interpretive signs factor 2) to educate personal factors with multi-culture in&nbsp;Surat-thani and 3) to educate relationship between multi culture and efficiency level of interpretive&nbsp;sign. The results ten sign include QR CODE to link for more information, Chinese and English&nbsp;languages. Most tourists are Asian who cultural dimension information, the most Asian people&nbsp;give priority to supervisors or those who have power over themselves. When Asian tourists with&nbsp;high power distance who had to understand the signs should be pronounced and less.The correlation&nbsp;with the cultural dimension of the 4-dimensional Hofstead found that the understanding&nbsp;of each label should allocate information in the label to be clear without much interpretation.&nbsp;Therefore, more meaningful signs link to the tourism website of SuratThani affected tourists to&nbsp;see new places, apart from various island areas.&nbsp;Keywords : Interpretative sign, multi-cultural dimensions, understand of sign, tourism</p> 2019-05-31T02:14:09+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The role of the preacher monks for dissemination of Philosophy of Sufficiency Economy to people 2019-05-31T05:58:51+07:00 ภาณุกา ศิริบำรุงวงศ์ <p>This research has an object to study the role of the monk preachers for dissemination&nbsp;Philosophy of sufficiency economy to people. The sample groups were 16 preacher monks that&nbsp;were registered to be preacher monks registration from four sectors of Thailand, four provinces,&nbsp;each province was chosen four monk preachers. The research tools were individual in-depth&nbsp;interview form, focus group discussion form and participation observation form. The research&nbsp;found that most of monk preachers didn’t take the philosophy of sufficiency economy to preach&nbsp;directly to the people because they still lacked the correct understanding of the philosophy of&nbsp;sufficiency economy but they preached the five precepts, principle of Dharma to connect with&nbsp;the concentration and intellect in order to make people conscious and live with enough life,&nbsp;reclusive and self-sufficient. At present, there are five preaching types such as single preaching (1&nbsp;monk), interrogative-answer preaching (2-3 monks), sermon preaching, Dharma speeches and&nbsp;Dharma lectures. However, the preacher monks analyzed the situation and the listener to be&nbsp;opportuneness with place and time to choose which preaching type. For Styles and preaching&nbsp;techniques the preacher monks used easy listening technique, giving the examples techniques,&nbsp;a clear story techniques and there were some Dharma ideas in order to improve life and solve&nbsp;various problems.&nbsp;Keywords : Roles of the preacher monks, Philosophy of Sufficiency Economy,&nbsp;dissemination</p> 2019-05-31T02:22:19+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Health behavior of the working age population aged 15-59 in Health Regional 5 Area 2019-05-31T03:22:15+07:00 ศิริลักษณ์ ขณะฤกษ์ อุบล จันทร์เพชร <p>The objectives of this research were to study the health behavior of the working age&nbsp;population aged 15-59 in Regional Health 5 Area and compare the differences of health behaviors&nbsp;with the studied variables including gender, age, marital status, educational level and profession.&nbsp;The sample group was collected via multi-stage random sampling which included 1,652 workingage population aged 15-59. The questionnaires were used to collect data during April-May 2018.&nbsp;The data analysis was conducted via descriptive statistics, t-test analysis and analysis of variance&nbsp;(ANOVA).&nbsp;The results showed that the majority of female (50.2 per cent), aged 30-44 (34.8 per&nbsp;cent), married (53.1 per cent), finished secondary education (37.4 per cent) and working as service&nbsp;for hire (29.1 per cent). From the sample group, the normal BMI was 18.5-22.9 kg./sq.m. (41.1 per cent), the male’s normal waistline was ≤90 cm. (80.3 per cent) and the female’s normal&nbsp;waistline was ≤80 cm. (53.6 per cent) The sample group had the health behavior in medium level&nbsp;with 6-8 points (49.2 per cent) and the average health behavior was 6.03 points. For health behavior&nbsp;criteria, the sample group’s least passed behavior was no consumption of sweet-flavored<br>drinks (18.1 per cent) and the most passed behavior was no mere sitting or reclining for more&nbsp;than two consecutive hours (86.7 per cent). When comparing the differences of health behaviors&nbsp;with the studied variables, it showed that different gender, education level and profession caused&nbsp;the differences in health behaviors of the working age population with statistical significance (p&lt;.05).&nbsp;Therefore, academic centers and academic agencies should support all related sectors&nbsp;to impel the right food consumption policies/measures. Also, the public health service units&nbsp;should encourage the appropriate health behavioral proficiency for working age population in&nbsp;order to achieve the goal of healthy populations.&nbsp;Keywords : health behavior, working age, Health Regional 5 Area</p> 2019-05-31T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Study of Pragmatics Failure in Using of Thai Language, Intercultural Communication of Chinese Students from Yunnan Financial Economics University, China 2019-05-31T05:58:51+07:00 ณัฐฌาภรณ์ เดชราช <p>This study aims to explore pragmatic failures in using Thai language for intercultural&nbsp;communication among 24 Chinese students who were studying in the third year from Yunnan&nbsp;University of Finance and Economics, China. An analysis of self-introduction essays and observation&nbsp;on conversations between Thai teachers and Chinese students in class were employed. The&nbsp;results derived from descriptive analysis revealed that the pragmatic failures could be classified&nbsp;into four dimensions: 1) an inappropriate use of nouns and pronouns 2) a contamination of (Chinese)&nbsp;mother-tongue sentences 3) a usage of incorrect-meaning terms 4) a utilization of words&nbsp;for unsuitable levels and contexts. In order to reduce deficiencies and increase learning efficiency&nbsp;of the learners, this study suggests that a promotion of cultural learning and language skills&nbsp;development in communicating across Thai-Chinese cultures, together with a principal pragmatic<br>teaching, would encourage students to learn techniques and thinking process of native speakers&nbsp;&nbsp;in various communicative situations and to apply these skills effectively in the future.&nbsp;Keywords : Pragmatic failure, intercultural communication, Chinese students</p> 2019-05-31T03:28:46+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Participation of Personnel from Three Sectors in Cultural Tourism Management in Maha Sarakham Province 2019-05-31T03:42:28+07:00 ณรงค์ฤทธิ์ โสภา <p>The objectives of the survey research were to study the participation and needs for&nbsp;the participation of the governments sectors, private sectors and public sectors in cultural tourism&nbsp;management in Maha Sarakham Province, The sample subjects of the study were&nbsp;one hundred and sixty four participants. They were selected by propostional stratefied random&nbsp;sampling and simple random sampling.The data was collected by three sets of a 5-point rating&nbsp;questionnaire. The data was analyzed and tabulated by means of statistical procedures: percentage,&nbsp;mean and standard deviation. The research findings showed that the overall participation&nbsp;of the personnel from the government sectors in cultural tourism management in Maha Sarakham&nbsp;Province was at a high level ( <img title="\bar{x}" src="\bar{x}">=4.25 S.D.=.55). 2) The overall participation of the personnel from&nbsp;the private sectors and public sectors in cultural tourism management in Maha Sarakham Province<br>was at a moderate level ( <img title="\bar{x}" src="\bar{x}">=3.10 S.D.=.64) and ( <img title="\bar{x}" src="\bar{x}">=3.20 S.D.=.53). 3) The overall need of the&nbsp;personnel from the government, private and public sectors for the cultural tourism management&nbsp;was a high level ( <img title="\bar{x}" src="\bar{x}">=4.25 S.D.=.56) ( <img title="\bar{x}" src="\bar{x}">=4.2 S.D.=.61) and ( <img title="\bar{x}" src="\bar{x}">=4.24 S.D.=.45) respectively.&nbsp;Keywords : Participation, Personnel from Three Sections, Cultural Tourism&nbsp;Management, Maha Sarakham Province</p> 2019-05-31T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Development on Study on Learning Achievement of Jovial Mathematical Exercise of Weights and Measures for Prathomsuksa 1 Students 2019-05-31T03:52:26+07:00 เพ็ญนภา จุลเจือวงศ์ <p>The research objectives were 1) to develop Jovial Mathematical Exercise with efficiency&nbsp;that is higher than the set criteria of 75/75 and Effectiveness Index (E.I.) that is higher than 0.50&nbsp;and 2) to compare the mean scores of the learning achievement on Jovial Mathematical Exercise&nbsp;of Weights and Measures for Prathomsuksa 1 students. The target group was 28 Prathomsuksa&nbsp;1 students of Nakornnon Wittaya 3 School, Wat Nakon in Nonthaburi Province in the academic&nbsp;year of 2017. The target group was selected by purposive sampling. Research tools were 1) Jovial&nbsp;Mathematical Exercise of Weights and Measures for Prathomsuksa 1 students and 2) Test of learning&nbsp;achievement on the Jovial Mathematical Exercise of Weights and Measures for Prathomsuksa&nbsp;1 students.<br>The results were as the followings:&nbsp;1. The Effectiveness of Jovial Mathematical Exercise of Weights and Measures for&nbsp;Prathomsuksa 1 students have the Efficiency with 79.00/88.67 that is higher than the set criteria&nbsp;of 75/75 and the Effectiveness Index (E.I.) is 0.55 that is higher than 0.50.&nbsp;2. The posttest mean scores of learning achievement on Jovial Mathematical Exercise&nbsp;of Weights and Measures for Prathomsuksa 1 students is higher pretest mean scores that is<br>more than 0.05. It can be concluded from the results that the Jovial Mathematical Exercise of&nbsp;Weights and Measures are able to use for developing the students to have knowledge and capabilities&nbsp;in daily living.&nbsp;Keywords : learning achievement, Jovial Mathematical Exercise, Prathomsuksa 1&nbsp;students</p> 2019-05-31T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Study on Potentials of Cultural Tourism in Koeng Sub-district, Maha Sarakham Province 2019-05-31T05:58:52+07:00 พิทยวัฒน์ พันธะศรี ดไนยา สังเกตการณ์ วุฒิสิทธิ์ จีระกมล อำพร แสงไชยา <p>The study aimed to investigate the potentials of cultural tourism in Koeng Sub-district,&nbsp;Maha Sarakham Province, focusing on issues including attractiveness in tourism, supportive&nbsp;potentials in tourism, tourism management, and local participation. The study was designed in&nbsp;the qualitative approach. The data were collected by analysis of related documents and in-depth&nbsp;interview. The data were analyzed by the descriptive analysis, and the scope of time was in&nbsp;October 2017.&nbsp;The study results showed that the five tourist attractions were found to be potential&nbsp;in being developed to be cultural tourist attraction. It was also perceived that the area of Koeng&nbsp;Sub-district, Maha Sarakham Province had advantages in local history, art, cultures, and traditions.&nbsp;Consequently, it could be recommended that there should be decoration of surrounding<br>components to attract more tourists. Systematical management encourages local participation&nbsp;in order to develop sustainable cultural tourism.&nbsp;Keywords : Cultural Tourism, Koeng Sub-district, Maha Sarakham Province, descriptive&nbsp;analysis</p> 2019-05-31T04:10:19+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Service Strategies that Affect the Decision of Students in the Upper Southern Region in Choosing to Use Low Cost Airlines 2019-05-31T04:28:30+07:00 ภรณ์พักตรา ศักดา จีรติ พูนเอียด โชติมา ไชยวงศ์เกียรติ พจนา สิมะเสถียร <p>This research aims to 1) study the decision to choose the low cost airline service of&nbsp;students 2) compare study of the decision to use low-cost airline services classified by personal&nbsp;factors 3) study the service strategies of low-cost airlines affecting the decision to choose low-cost&nbsp;airline services for students. The populations are 397 students in the university upper southern&nbsp;region. Tools used are questionnaires data analysis, using descriptive statistics, the average (<img title="\bar{x}" src="\bar{x}">),<br>standard deviation (S.D.). Using multiple regression analysis and inferential analysis. Processing&nbsp;data from statistical computer programs in order to test the hypotheses.&nbsp;The research found that students have opinions on the decision to use low cost&nbsp;airline services. Vary according to age variables, universities being studied and domiciled with&nbsp;statistical significance at 0.5. From the results of the study of low cost airline service strategies&nbsp;found that post-flight service strategy, have the highest influence and followed by personality,&nbsp;operation, competition, pre-flight and on-flight services. The researcher suggested that airlines&nbsp;should find measures that emphasize the importance of customer service for post- flight, such&nbsp;as the introduction of walking to pick up luggage, etc.<br>Keywords : service strategies, decision, students, low cost airlines</p> 2019-05-31T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Arrangement Isan Folk Song in Classical Music Form for Chamber Music 2019-05-31T05:58:53+07:00 อัครวัตร เชื่อมกลาง <p>The purpose of the study was to study Isan folk melody that are appropriate for song&nbsp;arranging for chamber music ensembles and appropriate with classical harmony of folk music&nbsp;performed by the chamber music ensembles. The compositions could be used in entertainment&nbsp;and served as a tool in conservative expression of Isan traditional musical cultures and for the&nbsp;integration for teaching music in different subjects. The author selected the composition using&nbsp;the main criteria of interest, popularity in performances, and uses with other cultural performances.&nbsp;Four compositions and one melody were selected. The composition were “Teoy 3 Rhythm”&nbsp;(Simple Teoy, Teoy Burma, Teoy Kong - Mekong short love song), “Mae Hang Gleom Look” (Widow’s&nbsp;lullaby), “Seong Bung Fai” (Bamboo rocket celebration), and “Lum Plern Isan”(Isansong of<br>comfortable), and the melody was “Line Kern Khan” (Melody of Khan Introduction). The Sibelius&nbsp;Software was used in recoding. Moreover, the Noteperformer Software was used in synchronization&nbsp;providing authentic sound of performances.&nbsp;The results of the study showed that the composition for chamber ensembles demands&nbsp;ethnomusicology knowledge to be principle in song selection and harmonic composition in order&nbsp;to develop creations that contain unique characteristics for marching bands. The composers&nbsp;should have in depth understanding of chords, rhythms, and harmonic composition. The author<br>composed two composition including 1) “Isan Fanfare” for Trumpet Quintet (1.05) and 2) “Melody&nbsp;of Isan” for Brass Nonet (4.56). The compositions were published in Youtube channel, and&nbsp;they were rated from the audiences at high level.&nbsp;Keywords : music arranging, melody, Isan Folk music, Isan, Chamber music ensembles</p> 2019-05-31T04:34:46+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Folk Fabric Making Groups Potential Development : A Case Study Bunglert Village, Bunglert sub-district, Meyawadee district, Loi-et province 2019-05-31T04:50:07+07:00 เอกชัย พลซื่อ ชาตรี ศิริสวัสดิ์ ศักดิ์พงศ์ หอมหวล ศศิธร เชาวรัตน์ <p>The purposes of this research were 1) to study folk fabric making group’s potential of&nbsp;Bunglert village, Bunglert sub-district, Meyawadee district, Loi-et province, 2) to study problems,&nbsp;needs and suggestions of folk fabric making group’s potential development, 3) to create the&nbsp;models for developing folk fabric making group’s potential in cooperation between school and&nbsp;community in Meyawadee district, Loi-et district, and 4) to measure the use of the models for<br>developing folk fabric making group’s potential in cooperation between school and community&nbsp;in Meyawadee district, Loi-et district. The subjects comprised 474 people of folk fabric making&nbsp;group members in Bunglert community, Meyawadee district, Loi-et district, which were divided&nbsp;into five groups in which there were 32 people in only one group selected by purposive sampling&nbsp;method. The mixed method used in this research consisted of qualitative research and quantitative&nbsp;research. The analyzed document data were used for creating the research framework.&nbsp;Then there was a fieldwork survey and the data were collected by observation, interview, focus&nbsp;group discussion, and workshop.&nbsp;The results are as follow:&nbsp;Folk fabric making group’s potential: Professional level before potential development&nbsp;was found that the design knowledge and the product preparation were at ‘much’ level, the&nbsp;accounting preparation, the cost calculation and price determination were at ‘moderate’ level,&nbsp;and the marketing knowledge was at ‘moderate’ level.&nbsp;Problems, needs and suggestions of folk fabric making group’s potential development:&nbsp;it was found that marketing was out of reach to consumers; the point of sale was remote,&nbsp;marketing knowledge was insufficient, and guidelines on selling products, and marketing management&nbsp;should be trained.&nbsp;Models of folk fabric making group’s potential development: This process consisted&nbsp;of 1) training that depends on needs, 2) practicing before real use, 3) measuring a tryout with&nbsp;three parts, and 4) concluding the result of a tryout and bringing the result to real use.&nbsp;The result of the use of the models of folk fabric making group’s potential development:<br>Professional level after the use of the models for developing folk fabric making group’s&nbsp;potential was higher than before the use of the models of folk fabric making group’s potential&nbsp;development, which was found that the design knowledge and the product preparation were at&nbsp;‘much’ level, the accounting preparation, the cost calculation , and price determination were at&nbsp;‘moderate’ level, and the marketing knowledge was at ‘much’ level.&nbsp;Keywords : potential development, folk fabric making group, weaving cloth</p> 2019-05-31T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Model for work performance efficiency on Customer,s service in UOB Bank 2019-05-31T05:02:07+07:00 วิษณุ บริจาค รังสรรค์ สิงหเลิศ แดนวิชัย สายรักษา <p>This research aimed to study factors affecting work performance efficiency on customer&nbsp;service in UOB Bank,formulate adevelopment model of work performance efficiency on customer&nbsp;service in UOB Bank andimplement and evaluate the developed model ofwork performance&nbsp;efficiency. The research methodologywere divided into 3 periods. In the first period, The&nbsp;researcher investigated factors which affected work performance efficiency on customer service&nbsp;in UOB Bank by formulating a model ofwork performance as an outcome variable. Seven causal&nbsp;factors used for the study. Three hundred and twenty fiveofficer in UOB Bank were selected and&nbsp;participated in the study and the required data were collected by using the questionnaire, were&nbsp;used for analyzing of data. Structural Equation Model : SEM, LISREL for Windows with Path&nbsp;Analysis at the .05 levelof statistical significance.In the second period, the researcher constructed&nbsp;the development model of work performance efficiency on customer service in UOB Bank by&nbsp;using the study result from the first stage. Thirty involved persons were participated in the workshop&nbsp;to co-operatively criticized and evaluated the model of work performance efficiency.In the&nbsp;third period, the researcher implemented the model. After three mount of implementation, the&nbsp;model was evaluated by 13 officer in UOB Bank in Udonthaniand analyzed by Wilcoxon Signed&nbsp;Rank Testat the .05 levelof statistical significance.&nbsp;The major findings revealed the followings :&nbsp;1. The developed causal factors showed harmony with the empirical data. Four causal&nbsp;factors with total effects on work performance efficiency on customer service in UOB Bank were&nbsp;found including 1) Best office (0.41)2)Best member (0.29)3) Role (0.23)and 4) Team (0.11)&nbsp;2. Thedevelopmentmodelofwork performance efficiency consisted of15activities : 1)<br>Secret key 2) Emotion development 3) Talking development 4) Self analyze 5) Mine development6)&nbsp;Tree of Idea 7) Hope 8) Service mine9) Know self10)Team work 11) Life Position 12)Listen me 13)&nbsp;Role and duty14) Role playingand15)Team activities&nbsp;3. The officer in UOB Bank showed higher work performance efficiency as a whole and&nbsp;in two aspects: service and support than before implementation of model at the .05level of&nbsp;statistical significance bothWilcoxon Signed Rank Test.&nbsp;Keywords : developmentmodel, work performance efficiency</p> 2019-05-31T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Construction of Learning Activity Package for Mathematics Subject Group on the Decimal Topic by Using Game Activity for Pathomsuksa 6 Students 2019-05-31T05:58:55+07:00 ณัฐฐินุช จุยคำวงศ์ มนตรี วิชัยวงษ์ ณัฐนันท์ จุยคำวงศ์ <p>การวิจัยครั้งนี้มีวัตถุประสงค์ 1) เพื่อสร้างชุดกิจกรรม กลุ่มสาระการเรียนรู้คณิตศาสตร์ เรื่องทศนิยมโดยใช้กิจกรรมเกม สำหรับนักเรียนชั้นประถมศึกษาปีที่ 6 ให้มีประสิทธิภาพตามเกณฑ์ 80 / 80 2) เพื่อเปรียบเทียบผลสัมฤทธิ์ทางการเรียนก่อนเรียนและหลังเรียนและ 3) เพื่อศึกษาเจตคติต่อการใช้กิจกรรมเกมทางการเรียนคณิตศาสตร์ ของนักเรียน ประชากรที่ใช้ในการศึกษา ได้แก่ นักเรียนชั้นประถมศึกษาปีที่ 6 โรงเรียนบ้านแก้ว จังหวัดจันทบุรี ที่เรียนในภาคเรียนที่ 2 ปีการศึกษา 2560 จำนวน 70 คน กลุ่มตัวอย่าง ได้แก่ นักเรียนชั้นประถมศึกษาปีที่ 6 โรงเรียนบ้านแก้ว จังหวัดจันทบุรี ภาคเรียนที่ 2 ปีการศึกษา 2561 จำนวน 30 คน ได้มาจากการเลือกแบบกลุ่ม เครื่องมือที่ใช้ในการศึกษาค้นคว้า คือ ชุดกิจกรรมกลุ่มสาระการเรียนรู้คณิตศาสตร์ เรื่อง ทศนิยมโดยใช้กิจกรรมเกม สำหรับนักเรียนชั้นประถมศึกษาปีที่ 6 จำนวน 4 หน่วยการเรียนรู้ แผนจัดการเรียนรู้ประกอบการใช้ชุดกิจกรรมจำนวน 15 แผนการจัดการเรียนรู้ แบบทดสอบวัดผลสัมฤทธิ์ทางการเรียน ชนิดเลือกตอบ 4 ตัวเลือก จำนวน 40&nbsp;ข้อ และแบบวัดเจตคติต่อการใช้กิจกรรมเกมทางการเรียนคณิตศาสตร์ สำหรับนักเรียนชั้นประถมศึกษาปีที่ 6 จำนวน&nbsp;20 ข้อ สถิติที่ใช้ในการวิเคราะห์ข้อมูล ได้แก่ การหาค่าร้อยละค่าเฉลี่ย (<img title="\bar{x}" src="\bar{x}">) ส่วนเบี่ยงเบนมาตรฐาน (S.D.) ใช้การวิเคราะห์ประสิทธิภาพของ ชุดกิจกรรม กลุ่มสาระการเรียนรู้คณิตศาสตร์ เรื่อง ทศนิยม โดยใช้กิจกรรมเกม สำหรับนักเรียนชั้นประถมศึกษาปีที่ 6 ใช้การเปรียบเทียบผลสัมฤทธิ์ทางการเรียนก่อนเรียนและหลังเรียนด้วยชุดกิจกรรม<br>กลุ่มสาระการเรียนรู้คณิตศาสตร์ เรื่อง ทศนิยม โดยใช้กิจกรรมเกมสำหรับนักเรียนชั้นประถมศึกษาปีที่ 6&nbsp;โดยใช้สูตร t – test แบบ Dependent Samples&nbsp;ผลการวิจัยพบว่าชุดกิจกรรมกลุ่มสาระการเรียนรู้คณิตศาสตร์ เรื่อง ทศนิยมโดยใช้กิจกรรมเกม สำหรับ<br>นักเรียนชั้นประถมศึกษาปีที่ 6 ที่ผู้วิจัยสร้างขึ้นมีประสิทธิภาพเท่ากับ 82.85 / 80.67 ซึ่งสูงกว่าเกณฑ์ 80/80 ที่กำหนดไว้ ผลสัมฤทธิ์ทางการเรียนหลังเรียนสูงกว่าก่อนเรียน อย่างมีนัยสำคัญทางสถิติที่ระดับ .05และเจตคติต่อการใช้ชุดกิจกรรมกลุ่มสาระการเรียนรู้คณิตศาสตร์ สำหรับนักเรียนชั้นประถมศึกษาปีที่ 6 หลังเรียน มีค่าเฉลี่ยเท่ากับ 4.20 ซึ่งอยู่ในระดับมาก&nbsp;คำสำคัญ : ชุดกิจกรรม, กลุ่มสาระการเรียนรู้คณิตศาสตร์ ทศนิยม, กิจกรรมเกม</p> 2019-05-31T05:17:58+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Lifestyles of Baby Boomer Generation in Bangkok Metropolis 2019-05-31T05:31:26+07:00 กนิษฐา ฤทธิ์คำรพ อิสราภรณ์ ลาดละคร ชัยวัฒน์ สุมังคะละ รัชภร รุ่งตั้งธนาบุญ <p>The purpose of this research was to study the lifestyles of baby boomer and to find&nbsp;the elements of the lifestyle of baby boomer in Bangkok Metropolis. This was a quantitative research&nbsp;by using questionnaires with a reliability of 0.889 from 400 people aged between 54-72&nbsp;year old in Bangkok Metropolis. Data analysis was carries out through percentage, means, standard&nbsp;deviation and factor analysis with analyzed principal component analysis and orthogonal rotation&nbsp;by Varimax method to group similar variables into lifestyles dimensions. The results revealed that&nbsp;most of the samples were female, having a bachelor’s degree, monthly income of 15,001-25,000&nbsp;baht, and living with spouses and children. In addition, the factor element of lifestyles of baby&nbsp;boomer generation in Bangkok Metropolis could be divided into four factors that were internal&nbsp;value group, trend group, excited activity group, and merit group.&nbsp;Keywords : Lifestyle, Baby Boomer, Generation</p> 2019-05-31T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Otherness In Short Story “Singto-Nhok-Kok” 2019-05-31T05:58:55+07:00 มิ่งมนัสชน จังหาร <p>The objective of this paper is to examine identities and the creation of otherness&nbsp;appeared in a short story “Singto-Nhok-Kok”, the unconventional lion. The result of the study&nbsp;reveals that three main identities of otherness within the story are as follow; 1) the otherness&nbsp;which derived from gender differences 2) the otherness developed with a family and 3) the&nbsp;otherness within the community and society. From the text, otherness was created through two&nbsp;channels as follow; 1) the otherness created through religions and beliefs 2) the otherness created&nbsp;through social norm and civil value the influence of central government.<br>Keywords : Otherness, The creation of otherness, Singto-Nhok-kok</p> 2019-05-31T05:35:05+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## New Social Movements 2019-05-31T05:41:07+07:00 บัญชา พุฒิวนากุล <p>The new social movement is a fundamental movement that is different from general&nbsp;social and political movements. It is a process of calling for solving problems of wages, occupation,&nbsp;protection of indigenous rights Inequality and environmental problems. Movement patterns may&nbsp;destroy or disrupt the operations of officials who create a wide range of shocks.</p> 2019-05-31T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## คำแนะนำสำหรับผู้นิพนธ์ 2019-05-31T05:45:38+07:00 กองบรรณาธิการ กองบรรณาธิการ <p>กองบรรณาธิการ</p> 2019-05-31T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##