Fast and Efficient Removal of Hexavalent Chromium from Water by Iron Oxide Particles

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Duangta Kitkaew Athit Phetrak Sumate Ampawong Rachaneekorn Mingkhwan Doungkamon Phihusut Kamolnetr Okanurak Chongrak Polprasert

Abstract

Iron oxide particles (IOPs) were synthesized by chemical co-precipitation technique and further used as an adsorbent in removing hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) from aqueous solutions during batch adsorption. The IOP adsorbent had specific surface area of 65 m2/g, total pore volume of 0.25 cm3/g and mostly contained a mesoporous structure. The analysis of scanning and transmission electron microscopy indicated that the adsorbent contained a substantial amount of iron oxide of about 66%, which was well distributed throughout the adsorbent. The IOP adsorbent showed a rapid  and efficient Cr(VI) removal that followed Langmuir adsorption isotherm model with maximum adsorption capacity of 2.39 mg-Cr(VI)/g-IOP, demonstrating a monolayer formation on the adsorptive sites of IOP. The kinetic adsorption of Cr(VI) on the IOP followed the pseudo-second-order model, suggesting chemisorption. Thus, the IOP adsorbent provides a potentially effective technology in eliminating of Cr(VI) from water since it can remove appreciable amounts of Cr(VI) with a relatively short contact time of 30 min.

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How to Cite
Kitkaew, D., Phetrak, A., Ampawong, S., Mingkhwan, R., Phihusut, D., Okanurak, K., & Polprasert, C. (2017, December 22). Fast and Efficient Removal of Hexavalent Chromium from Water by Iron Oxide Particles. Environment and Natural Resources Journal, 16(1), 91-100. Retrieved from //www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/ennrj/article/view/106715
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Original Article