Journal of Fine and Applied Arts Khon Kaen University <p>To distribute research contributions of academic and creative work in the area of&nbsp;Fine and Applied Arts and remain informed of research progress.</p> en-US <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt;"><span lang="TH" style="font-size: 14.0pt; font-family: 'TH SarabunPSK','sans-serif';">เนื้อหาและข้อมูลในบทความที่ลงตีพิมพ์ในวารสารศิลปกรรมศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยขอนแก่น ถือเป็นข้อคิดเห็นและความรับผิดชอบของผู้เขียนบทความนั้น และไม่ถือเป็นความคิดเห็นและความรับผิดชอบของกองบรรณาธิการวารสารศิลปกรรมศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยขอนแก่น</span></p> (Assoc.Prof.Dr.Niyom Wongpongkham) (Mrs.AimAon Rungworawut) Fri, 03 Aug 2018 14:03:30 +0700 OJS 60 Ceramics Designing Applied Derive from Local Wisdom of Bankruat District, Buriram Province. <p>The present investigation was undertaken with the following&nbsp;objectives:To study the development of the ceramics motifs, viz.,&nbsp;pattern, form including its producing process. To apply the ancient&nbsp;BanKruat ceramics in order to create innovated ceramics design. The&nbsp;research was carried out by treatise review, field observation and&nbsp;interviewing/inquiring a group of nine local connoisseurs-cum-practitioners&nbsp;and the others involved throughout the field study area.&nbsp;Therefore this present work as if it was a start-up to maintain the ancient&nbsp;production characteristics and enabled to revive the craftsmanship in&nbsp;order to develop the creative products and to succeed the cultural&nbsp;inheritance.</p> อภิชาติธำรง คำมณี ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Ceremony Boun ho kaw pa dub din in Vientiane Lao PDR <p>The content within this article study the Boun Ho Kaw Pa Dup&nbsp;Din in Vientiane, Lao PDR. The objective of this research is to study the&nbsp;history of the Boun Ho Kaw Pa Dub Din and background based on the&nbsp;document research and the field data study with in the following districts&nbsp;have: 1) Sisattanak 2) Chanthabouly and 3) Sikhottabong This&nbsp;research data is a qualitative research conducted using the following&nbsp;tools: surveys and observations. The data was analyzed and presented<br>through descriptive analysis and accompanied by pictures.&nbsp;From the study, it was found that the Boun Ho Kaw Pa Dup&nbsp;Din was part of the Heet 12 tradition that concerns the afterlife of the&nbsp;deceased these people. The ceremony is about dedicating the good&nbsp;karma to the ancestral spirits and the spirits if “Prets” the people can’t&nbsp;see it in the work which shows the relationship between the people&nbsp;and the spirits as well as the people and society. This tradition also&nbsp;focuses on remembering the good deeds that the deceased had done.&nbsp;The tradition can be traced back to the time of Lord Buddha when&nbsp;King Bimbisar gave merits to Gautama Buddha but not to the Prets.&nbsp;Later on, the Prets came screaming howling and asking for the merits&nbsp;from him. There fore, he gave the merits to them through the Kruad&nbsp;Nam ceremony (the pouring of the water onto the ground as dedication&nbsp;to the spirit) which helped lessen the suffering that the Prets had to<br>endure in hell. This belief had been passed down and became the&nbsp;Boun Ho Kaw Pa Dub Din for both the people in Laos up until thepresent time.&nbsp;From the study Ceremony Boun ho kaw pa dub din, it was&nbsp;There are 5 components to the Boun Ho Kaw Pa Dub Din: 1) the&nbsp;location where the ceremony will take place 2) the time the&nbsp;ceremony will take place 3) the sacrifices 4) the participants of the&nbsp;ceremony and 5) the procedures of the ceremony.&nbsp;In summary Ceremony Boun ho kaw pa dub din, the ritual of&nbsp;rice planting ceremony is a tradition of gathering. Seasonal fruits and&nbsp;fish, fish, sweet and savory foods are mixed together in a package. To&nbsp;devote to the souls of the ancestral spirits. And brotherhood Including<br>the Phantom (regular) starting from the time from 2am to 5am on the&nbsp;morning of the 15th night of the ninth month every year.&nbsp;</p> บัววอน พรมบุตร ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 “The Butterfly” An Applied Theatre Performance about Hopes and Dreams of Myanmar Youth aimed at Exchanging Perceptions of Thai People about the Identity of the Myanmar Youth in Thailand, as Part of Myanmar Up Close at Museum Siam <p>Myanmar Up Close program held at Museum Sian from April to July, 2016 was aimed at eliminating the ethnic bias of Thai people and society towards Myanmar migrant workers in Thailand. The youth performance “The Butterfly” was one of the learning programs in the Myanmar Up Close exhibition telling stories about Myanmar Youth in Mahachai district, Samut-sakorn province.</p> <p>The applied theatre process “The Butterfly” was a participation process between the director and the actors in order to search for and develop stories from Myanmar youths. The theatre in education process empowered the youth actors. Also it incorporated inter-relationship between the youth actors and the audiences as this process would eradicate bias of Thai audiences towards Myanmar migrant workers in Thailand.</p> ปวลักขิ์ สุรัสวดี ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Teaching module on listening skills applied from Orff, Kodaly and Dalcroze methods for grade 1 students <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The purposes of this study were: 1) To construct teaching module on listening skills applying&nbsp; Orff, Kodaly, and Dalcroze methods for grade 1 students, and 2) To evaluate the effectiveness of teaching module on listening skills applying Orff, Kodaly, and Dalcroze for grade 1 students. The participants in the study were 25 grade 1 students from Assumption College Thonburi, in academic year 2015. The researcher was responsible in teaching 50-minute music lessons using the teaching module for the participants, once a week, for 12 weeks. The research instruments in this study consisted of: 1) activity plans, 2) Listening Skills Assessment forms were used as pretest and posttest in every lesson, and 3) Student Interview Questionnaires. Data collection was done in 3 parts: 1) pretest and posttest using Listening Skills Assessment forms, (2) observing students’ behavior during the music lessons, and (3) interviewing students to assess their attitude toward music lessons. The data of listening scores were analyzed by comparing the pretest with posttest listening scores of each students. The data from observing students’ behavior during music lessons and interviewing students to assess their attitude toward music lessons were analyzed using content analysis method.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The results of this study showed the effectiveness of the developed teaching module to improve students’ listening skills. The posttest scores of listening skills were higher than the pretest. Most of the students’ scores in every lesson were at “Good” level. The scores were 81.3% in listening to rhythm, 76% in listening to pitch, 69.4% in listening to musical expression, and 66.6% in listening to musical form. From observing students’ behavior and interviewing students to assess their attitude, most students enjoyed and intended to learn and cooperate in class. Moreover, they loved the music activities in the lessons, instruction media, and the proper length of the lesson.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> กฤษดา หุ่นเจริญ ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Long drums in the culture Ways, Wapipathum district Mahasarakham province <p>The results of the study revealed that the use of long drums in Wapipathum district, Maha sarakham province took place in the long past and was passed down to younger generation ever since. The use of or playing the long drums for competition at the district’s annual Amazing Long Drum Playing Festival&nbsp; (On son klong yao chao Wapi khong dee puen ban) began for the first time in 1996.The current situations and problems of using such instruments for cultural competition that affected economic, social and cultural aspects of the district under study. Currently, there were 4 groups of the long drum makers. The first group was Mr. Thiang Pintapakang. The rest were the groups of Ban Talard, Ban Kok, and Ban Chokkwang respectively. At the beginning, long drums were made quite roughly due to backward village technology. Later they adopted some machinery for making long drums with a fine and standard quality meeting the needs of most long drum cultural shows. There were more than 15 groups, the long drum players that offered 2 types of cultural shows. First, the cultural shows were performed on various Buddhist traditions, such as, the parades of kanlon, kathin, phapa, hanaga, sport events, local competitions; and second, the district’s annual Amazing Long Drum Playing festival.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> สิทธิศักดิ์ จำปาแดง ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 The Creation of Thap Wila Roengsamran ( The Feline Suite ) <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The objectives of this research are: to study the history, origin, beliefs as well as the general characteristics and behaviours of feline in general and the five existing types of Thai feline in particular in order to create a new music composition; to study the musical form of the Phleng Thap (suite) genre of the classical Thai music; to study the classical Thai melodies relating to various animals and their contexts; and to integrate the acquired knowledge into the composition of Thap Wila Roengsamran (the feline Suite), which reflects the characteristics of the five existing types of Thai cats. The research employed a qualitative research methodology of interviewing seven authorities on Thai cats and classical Thai music. The research findings were analysed and presented as a descriptive analysis.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The research findings include the composition of the Cat’s Suite describing the unique characteristics of the five existing types of Thai cats and data from the survey and study of historical evidences relating to Thai cats from different sources of information and textbooks. These data were used in the creative composition of the Cat’s Suite which is based on the musical form of the Phleng Thap genre of the classical Thai music. The resulting Cat’s Suite composition addresses the valuable cultural identity which are unique to Thai cats. The research findings can contribute to the study and development of the body of knowledge on Thai cats, the preservation of Thai art and culture, and the conservation of Thai cats.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> ชนะชัย กอผจญ, ขำคม พรประเสริฐ ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Conditions change. Ban Wang tour Khon kaen province pottery to create visual art Condition of changevisual arts <p><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong>Projects research create Changing conditions: Ban Wang Tour, Khon Kaen ceramic to create visual arts. The purpose of this study was to study the production process of Ban Wang Tour ceramic. Study the current situation in the occupation. And create a visual arts.Inspired by the variation in the form and process of the Ban Wang Tour This will reflect the adaptability of the community this is because the economic situation in the society affects the wisdom of producing traditional pottery.As a result, cultural change and cultural change are no less in many cases. The social economy seems to be an important factor in the cultural improvement process. (Sanit Samakkran, 2552) These are brought to comparative analysis to find the differences. Charnnrongporn Rungroj (2005, cited by Prayoon Uluwada, 1983). To interpret the content to the idea of ​​creating a visual art. The study of data in the form of relevant research papers. And down the field. To study the pottery of Ban Wang Tour and to study the changes of wisdom pottery. The study found that the changes were: First Patterns and production processes There are many organizations that have assisted and developed the technology of production so far, so that they can get more and more new products. Caused by modern tools Electric Massage Machine Electric switch Furnaces of various sizes. Second, the market. Current community marketing has been fixed. Due to the development of the production process. Can produce to support the market. The process of adapting to the changes in the production of pottery.Production Follow customer orders. The shape is changed from the original. The researcher put these issues into the creative process of visual arts. To convey the change through the arts under aesthetic beauty (Supachai Singhaboot, 2000). Style pottery works by contemporary semiotic theory to create a representation of the shape in the meanings that appear in the act of human thought. We are all around us. Symbols may include the language, the code, the sign, the borrowing, and the shape as Him du, Tai prep. The value of traditional wisdom pottery production. Reproduce the shape caused by repetition, such as printing plaster or mold. Used as a repetition system. Take this two parts together. Create a shape with the art element theory. And aesthetic theory In the form of sculptures, porcelain and composite materials to convey feelings, change conditions, replacing old-new in shape. Distortion of shape Misuse of material These bring about a sense of traditional intellectual change in the present state.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> พรนภัส หารคำ ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Study forBuddhism of Tai Lue CultureInJinghong city, XishuangbannaProvince, People's Republic ofChina <p>Around the 3rd century, buddhism came to Jinghongcity.And the 12th century, Buddhism reached its most prosperous inJinghongcity.Current conditions and problemsBuddhism of Tai culture in Lue culturein Jinghong city,the role and importance of Buddhism declined.Middle-aged and elderly people are still strict in Buddhism and philanthropy.The teenagers and young people less.The first problem is that there are no priests and seminarians who will inherit the blessings of Buddhism.Another problem is that no one will inherit Buddhism.Among the factors that affect Buddhism of Tai Lue culture change, In Jinghong city,XishuangbannaProvince, People's Republic ofChina,the most is politics and state policy.For example, during the Cultural Revolution of China,Prohibition of faith Buddhism. The least factors that affect is technology. The Tai Lue people are more interested in learning technology than Buddhism.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dao Li ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Breath In Mind <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Study There is content about the way of life of people in Isan, Mahasarakham province. There is a connection with the area of the field. Under the circumstances of the drought of the current environment. This led to the abandonment and led to a trip to the big city to make a living in another career. These cause feelings of depression. Distant and hopeless The inspiration for this creation.This symbolizes and communicates through the shapes of flowering plants that appear in agricultural areas.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; There is a hierarchy of formal education namely the study of the geography of the plant sample, the link with the way of life, Related Stories or Myths and meaningful analysis used in the creation of 4 pieces of woodcut in recognition of their local importance.And all of this research will be useful for creativity.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> สุรศักดิ์ สอนเสนา ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 The Development of Trombone Instructional Package: a Basic Performance Technique <p>This research aimed to (1) develop trombone instructional package: a basic performance technique by improving sound quality, lip slur, scale and performing song, and (2) test the effectively of the instructional package. The data were collected from four students playing trombone and baritone instrument who used this instruction package over a period of 12 weeks (1hour per week). Each week (a pretest and posttest were given.) Students were assigned to record their performance each week followed by an informal interview.</p> <p>An exercise to improve trombone performance technique had content that was divided into 12 hours. The topics related to the trombone in four primary areas namely improving sound quality, lip slur, scale and short song performance.</p> <p>In practical tests, it was found that the scores of development of trombone performance were better in every topic. The students had improved most on sound quality, followed by scale playing skills, lip slur ranking third, and song performance ranking fourth.</p> <p>From collecting the students’ opinion on using the instruction package it was found that students could better understand the principles of using trombone and the practice content as it was not too complicated or difficult.</p> <p>The result of the effectively test of teaching practice for beginners that had been improved showed that the sample group had better skills in playing trombone and the content in the instruction package is appropriate to student’s level.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> บวรภัค รุจิเวชนันท์, กานต์ยุพา จิตติวัฒนา, อนรรฆ จรัณยานนท์ ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 The art of Printmaking from the Quest to find I-san Identity <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; "East" refers to the territory of northeastern Thailand. The search for identity issues in the Northeast. There are many dimensions in terms of social, political, economic, cultural, educational values. This diversity is an interesting starting point in the search for the meaning of the word. "I-San identity" from the many dimensions and diversity mentioned above. The creator has framed the concept of seasonal weather. The terrain is located at the equatorial zone with high temperatures almost all year round. Heat, drought, variability cause surface traces, reflecting the beauty of the hardships. It transforms into aesthetics, a way of life that creates a cultural tradition that is deeply connected to nature. Until it has become a valuable identity, it has been inherited to the present. I-San people have respect Faith in nature deeply It has easy-to-eat features. That does not mean that the rough way of life. But if it means intelligently adjusting to the environment. And in this simplicity itself. Another role is to make I-san people associated with religion, agriculture, animal husbandry. And the season is important.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; From the content of such a clear identity has led to the creative process of graphic arts. By using time and environment cues, such as bark clay, to create in the work by harmonizing the lines that bind into shapes, weights, shapes, surfaces, dimensions and space. The symbolic meaning of farmers, buffaloes, beetles, animals, with the technique of printing, material and imprints of trenches.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> อานนท์ สังวรดี ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Enhancing ambience product derived from clam state of mind <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The purpose of this research is to design an enhancing ambience product derived from calm state of mind that assist in meditation or Vipassana meditation and can be self-practice in residential. The objective of this research was 1) to study an idea about calm state of mind for guidance in designing product for all practical purpose relative with enhancing ambience product derived from calm state of mind. 2) to design and develop an enhancing ambience product derived from calm state of mind 3) to study satisfactions of sample focus group with the product.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The result of this research &nbsp;showed that there are 2 types of calming 1) calm state in atmospheric and environment including private state of solitude warm tone color (White, Grey, Yellow) dim light that gives brightness in a specific point 2) a calm state of mind by using pattern (Mindful awareness) such as Anapanasati (Mindfulness of breathing) Sota-sati (Mindfulness of hearing) moving with awareness(Mindfulness of body movement) &nbsp;and solution for compression of body weight problem that cause feeling ache stiff or pain.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Therefore the researcher bring all factor to designing which in product sets include lamp that create atmosphere, chair for meditation and natural sound imitation that help facilitate the mindfulness meditation practice and be able to self practice in privacy area also this research and develop the product sets concern in mindfulness meditation practice for more variety way and the better results. which result of satisfaction form sampling group who trials 30 person the analysis result reveal high in general 4.02 (S.D. = 0.74) and &nbsp;result from expert in product design and &nbsp;mindfulness meditation for 5 person the analysis result wast reveal high in general. 4.20 (S.D. = 0.50)</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> ปวณัศ อินทุยศ, ลุ้ย กานต์สมเกียรติ ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 The Identity Development Strategy for Business Rebranding according to Balance Creative Group Co.,Ltd.Model,Khon Kaen Province <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This article is a part of the Khon Kaen Real Estate Marketing Strategy for Rebranding Research Project. The objective of the study is to design and rebrand the corporate identity of the Balance Creative Group Company Limited in accordance with its business target in order to convey the corporate image. It reflects the distinct characteristics and forms; and results in the definition of the corporate rebranding onto its products and services to show that they are quality, creditable, and prominent. The concept of identity development strategy for business rebranding is about positioning and differentiation, and it is necessary for highlighting the characteristics of the brand which conform to Thailand 4.0 economic model where the economic and society are linked with digital technology and merged with participatory lifestyles of its consumers stably, prosperously, and sustainably.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The author aims to present the concept of identity development strategy for business rebranding to clearly visualize the corporate identity in forms of media, symbols, colors, and slogans; which are unique to be used as guidelines for the development of products, services, buildings, and other kinds of things. The concept can be summarized and divided into three steps. The first step is ‘the study and data analysis for business rebranding’, this is to study the corporate’s information as a whole and to brainstorm the mutually agreed identity of the organization. The second one is ‘the design of the corporate identity symbol’ using the analyzed data as a guideline on the concept of the corporate’s specific communication platform. And the last one is ‘the definition of the corporate’s business identity’ made by concluding the specific form of the business rebranding and presenting the organization via the brand’s identity.</p> ดวงจันทร์ นาชัยสินธุ์ ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 03 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Education knowledge and further wisdom in product development rattan woven machine with natural materials and renewable materials commercial to promote the creative economy in Isan <p>Education research was education knowledge and further wisdom of</p> <p>product development rattan woven machine with natural materials and renewable materials commercial&nbsp; to promote the creative economy in Isan important purpose was (1)&nbsp; &nbsp;study the history and current state , knowledge cause about rattan woven wisdom in Isan and (2)&nbsp; study wisdom in product development rattan woven machine with natural materials and renewable materials commercial&nbsp; to promote the creative economy &nbsp;in Isan.&nbsp; The research was a cultural qualitative research method and collecting separate with 3 groups 1) knowledge group 2)&nbsp; concern group 3)&nbsp; &nbsp;general group total 36 peoples by collecting data from document and from field studies by survey and analyze data , structure&nbsp; and non-structure , participation and non-participation , focus group discussion and data recording for answer the purpose.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The results of the study revealed that, Ban Kud-Sui identity from rattan materials and take renewable materials in local used Sood tree was vine tree groups in forest and wetlands areas by expert&nbsp; community . Various pattern designs of customs was unique identity, salable and full product was pulpit set. Rattan furniture product process 1) Rattan peeling 2.) Rattan peeling and set&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 3) Cutting set 4) Sanding and the round if it curve take to steam boiling , bening&nbsp; and cutting 5) Assembly pattern furniture design&nbsp; by nailing and&nbsp; rattan fastening 6.) Rough Sanding 7.) Burning &nbsp;8.) Final sanding decorate 9.) Spray paint or primer 10.) Final Coating.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>The further knowledge in product development by rattan woven</p> <p>machine with natural materials and renewable materials commercial&nbsp; to promote the creative economy in Isan. The results revealed , rattan &nbsp;renewable materials was decorate popular . Combined with a design that has been developed to a popular style and added charm but essential function especially interior building decorate should be natural materials ,strength , &nbsp;long lifetime but used suitable such as not place heavy or weathered to used shortened .Manufacturer invented material to replace by renewable materials from Polyethylene (PE) produce because it’s strength , flexible and resistant to all weather conditions.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; In conclusion, Can be build into the specification or scope for used thinking design and create new products by concept target , new products&nbsp; design.&nbsp; Design product&nbsp; take into consideration the following principles.</p> <ol> <li>Function</li> <li>Safety</li> <li>Construction</li> <li>Egonomics</li> <li>Aesthetics&nbsp; or&nbsp; Scale&nbsp; Appeal</li> </ol> ศาสตรา เหล่าอรรคะ ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Mor Lam Phuen <p>The purpose of this research study entitled Mor Lam Phuen was to investigate the background of Mor Lam Phuen and its lyric and melody based on data collected from publications and in the field through observations of and interviews with Mor Lam singers, experts, musicians and spectators. The findings were presented in the form of descriptive analysis.</p> <p>Results of the study indicated that, in terms of background, Mor Lam Phuen can be classified into the classical period (beginning), classical period (later), and current period. During the classical period (beginning), the performance started at 9.00 p.m. and continued until dawn. There was no actual stage, but only a single mat spread on the ground. The spectators also sat on their mats. There were no electrical appliances to amplify sounds, but only the light from “torch.” Before beginning the performance, the singers had to perform Wai Khru ceremony to pay homage to and inform their teachers and sacred spirits around that area in order to make the performance a success. Mor Lam singers’ primary objective of this ritual was to boost their confidence before beginning the performance. After Wai Khru ceremony, performance started. During the classical period (later), the performance started at 9.00 p.m. and continued until dawn. Before starting the performance, Wai Khru ceremony was also performed backstage just like in the beginning period. After the Wai Khru ceremony, the performance began. During the current period, the performance also started at 9.00 p.m. and continued until dawn. It could be seen that during this period, songs were sung in combination with the music of Mor Lam artists.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; In terms of lyric and melody, Mor Lam melody was an easy listening one accompanied by <em>khaen</em> (reed mouth organ) with high and low pitches reciting the poem, but the end sound was the same as the beginning. Ad-lib was usually long. However, ad-lib was rarely used since a Mor Lam artist had to make sure that he/she recited every word in the poem, which was usually long, and had to be sung continuously without a break. With regards to breathing, since the lyric or poem was very long, Mor Lam artists could hardly take a full breath so they had to repeat the words in order to take a breath before continuing with the singing. Regarding pronunciation of consonants, although there were a lot of words in Mor Lam poem or lyric, but every word had to be pronounced clearly and fully and ad-lib might be added for some words.<br> </p> หิรัญ จักรเสน ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 A Study of Symphony Orchestra Composition of the Music Composed by His Majesty the King Prajadhipok for a Symphony Orchestra, A Case Study by Lt.Col Prateep Suphanrojn <p>The study of the symphony composition of the music composed by His Majesty The King Prajadhipok for a symphony orchestra, a case study by Lt.Col Prateep Suphanrojn, has the purposes as follows.</p> <ol> <li>To study the music components of the music composed by His Majesty The King Prajadhipok for a symphony orchestra by Lt.Col Prateep Suphanrojn.</li> <li>To study techniques for symphony music composition of the music composed by His Majesty The King Prajadhipok for a symphony orchestra of Lt.Col Prateep Suphanrojn’s orchestra.</li> </ol> <p>By the research that collects relating academic documents and text books including an interview with Lt.Col Prateep Suphanrojn, the researcher has taken the information for analysis and the research result is as follows.</p> <p>From the study of the components of this music, Lt.Col Prateep Suphanrojn has brought 3 music rhythms composed by His Majesty The King Prajadhipok, to be composed in the form of the symphony orchestra and therefore, this causes the music to have the musical form in the original style. For the rhythm that has Pentatonic scale for the rhythm movement, it performs in many ways interchangeably by which it has symbols to determine the rhythm ratio precisely by the ratio of . For the music speed, it is changed along with the sections of the music. In term of the composing technique, Lt.Col Prateep Suphanrojn has adapted western composing technique to the music suitably and this has created the result in the harmonious sound by western musical instruments that have the unique characteristics by which the characteristic of the music is still well maintained. This includes making the main rhythm to be separated to various musical instruments and the chord characteristic that is in harmony with each form of rhythm. This includes the use of the western symphonic composing technique considered to make the music colorful and interesting by using the pedal tone with parallel perfect intervals and for the group of melodies and additional rhythm, it is done by using ostinato and syncopation effectively. These techniques are considered to create the modern color for the music.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> ประพนธ์ แก้วดี, วีระ พันธุ์เสือ ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Determinant Dance interpretation of Mangtra By Suppachai Chansuwan <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This purposes of this research aims to group the words used in dance interpretation of Mangtra in phuchanasipthit(Lakon Phanthang) 13 episodes. And study how to determinant dance Interpretation Mangtra character of Mangtra in phuchanasipthit(Lakon Phanthang) of Supachai Chansuwan, from the document, survey and educational videos in a drama about Phuchanasipthit(Lakorn Puntang)</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The research findings were as follows: Lyrics in a drama about Phuchanasipthit(Lakon Phanthang). Words can be divided into 7 groups according to their meanings include the word group represents the greatness, love, anger, sadness, courage, joy and communication. The study dance interpretation of Supachai Suwanna found that Supachai Chansuwan has a variety of dance interpretations. Dance interpretation depends on the meaning of the word, depending on the context of the situation in the subject. The mood of the character at that time. The character's social role with other characters in the scene. Dance interpretation of Supachai Chansuwan .Sometimes there are strategies to adapt dance moves from Maebotyai, maebotnangnangrai dance. Dance interpretation of using the chapter, word group and meaning of words as a result of this research can be used as a guideline the interpretation for performances &nbsp;and knowledge of dance interpretation of mangtra in phuchanasipthit (Lakon Phanthang) of Supachai Chansuwan. Can be used as a guide to dance interpretation performances in Phuchanasipthit (Lakon Phanthang) &nbsp;including youth artists who lack experience in the show.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> กฤษฎ์เตชินห์ เสกฐานโชติจินดา ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700