Physical Performance and Cardiopulmonary Function After 12 Weeks Uchikomi Training with Hand and Leg Weight load Program in Thai Judo Athletes
Judo is a popular martial arts style and Olympic sport with a rich, though relatively recent history. Beyond being a popular martial art, judo is also a combat sport. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 12 weeks Uchikomi training with hand and leg weight load program (UTP) on physical performance and cardiopulmonary function in Thai Judo athletes. In Uchikomi training group (UTG; n= 18), subjects are trained by using normal Judo training program (NJTP) 2 days / week including with the UTP 50 minutes / session (10 minutes warm up, 30 minutes UTP for 60-80% of HRmax, 10 minutes cool down) 3 days / week in consecutive 12 weeks. Subjects in control group (CG; n = 17) were practiced only NJTP. Results of baseline characteristics showed no significantly difference in CG. While, in UTG were shown decrease significantly difference in percentage of total body fat, waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), and heart rate (HR). The results of physical performance and data of cardiopulmonary function test showed improve highly significant difference (p<0.001) within UTG, but not within CG when they were compared at week 1, week 7 and week 14. This study shows that UTP is a new Judo training exercise model to be suitable for improvement physical performance and cardiopulmonary function in Thai Judo athletes.
2. Detanico D, Dal Pupo J, Franchini E, dos Santos SG. Relationship of aerobic and neuromuscular indexes with specific actions in judo. Science & Sports 2012; 27: 16-22.
3. Almansba R, Sterkowicz S, Sterkowicz-Przybycień K, Comtois A. Reliability of the Uchikomi Fitness Test: A Pilot study. Reliability of the Uchikomi Fitness Test. Science & Sports 2012; 27: 115-118.
4. Almansba R, Parent AA, Boucher JP et al. Oxygen Uptake and Cardiopulmonary Demands of World Class Judoist performing the Uchi-Komi Fitness Test. In: 59th Annual Meeting of the American College Sports Medicine 2012; 782.
5. Pulsak S. A study of the center of gravity in Judo throwing. Bangkok: Thai Thesis Database; 1994.
6. Marx JO, Ratamess NA, Nindl BC, Gotshalk LA, Volek JS, Dohi K, et al. Low-volume circuit versus high-volume periodized resistance training in women. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2001; 33: 635-643.
7. Chumvangvapee P, Suttitum T, Pasurivong O, Piwngern T. A new exercise model: Brisk walking with swaying hips and hand weight load exercise program and its effect on anthropometry, physical performance and cardiopulmonary function in obese Thai adults.KKU Research Journal2016; 16: 63-74.
8. Forjaz C, Matsudaira Y, Rodrigues F, Nunes N, Negrão C. Post-exercise changes in blood pressure, heart rate and rate pressure product at different exercise intensities in normotensive humans. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research 1998; 31: 1247-1255.
9. Heyward VH, Gibson A. Advanced fitness assessment and exercise prescription 7thed: Human Kinetics; 2014.
10. Pathare N, Haskvitz EM, Selleck M. Comparison of measures of physical performance among young children who are healthy weight, overweight, or obese. Pediatric Physical Therapy 2013; 25: 291-296.
11. Roberts HC, Denison HJ, Martin HJ, Patel HP, Syddall H, Cooper C, et al. A review of the measurement of grip strength in clinical and epidemiological studies: towards a standardised approach. Age and Ageing 2011; 40: 423-429.
12. Judoinfo. Gripping [internet]. 2017 [cite 2017 June 9]. Available from: http: //judoinfo.com /gripping/
13. ACSM. American College of Sports Medicine Position Stand. The recommended quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, and flexibility in healthy adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 1998; 30: 975-991.
14. Jackson A, Langford NJ. The criterion-related validity of the sit and reach test: replication and extension of previous findings. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 1989; 60: 384-387.
15. Brooks GA. Anaerobic threshold: review of the concept and directions for future research. Medicin and Science in Sports and Exercise 1985; 17: 22-34.
16. Santos E, Rhea MR, Simão R, Dias I, de Salles BF, Novaes J, et al. Influence of moderately intense strength training on flexibility in sedentary young women. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 2010; 24: 3144-3149.
17. Borman NP, Trudelle-Jackson E, Smith SS. Effect of stretch positions on hamstring muscle length, lumbar flexion range of motion, and lumbar curvature in healthy adults. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice 2011; 27: 146-154.
18. Saraiva AR, Reis VM, Costa PB, Bentes CM, Costa e Silva GV, Novaes JS. Chronic effects of different resistance training exercise orders on flexibility in elite judo athletes. Journal of Human Kinetics 2014; 40: 129-137.
19. Aquino ES, Mourão FA, Souza RK, Glicério BM, Coelho CC. Comparative analysis of the six-minute walk test in healthy children and adolescents. Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy 2010; 14: 75-80.
20. Piwngern T, Suttitum T, Khrisanapant W, Pasurivong O, Chumvangvapee P. The effect of Applied Sakon Nakhon Traditional Thai Boxing Dance on Physical Performance and Cardio-pulmonary Capacity in Thai Elderly Females.Srinagarind Medical Journal 2016; 31: 312-319.
21. Geiger R, Willeit J, Rummel M, Hogler W, Stubing K, Strasak A, et al. Six-minute walk distance in overweight children and adolescents: effects of a weight-reducing program. Journal of Pediatrics 2011; 158(3): 447-451.
22. Ulrich S, Hildenbrand FF, Treder U, Fischler M, Keusch S, Speich R, Fasnacht M. Reference values for the 6-minute walk test in healthy children and adolescents in Switzerland. BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2013;13-49.