สภาพการผลิต และพฤติกรรมการใช้สารเคมีป้องกันและกำจัดศัตรูกะหล่ำปลีของเกษตรกรในแหล่งปลูกที่สำคัญในแขวงหลวงพระบาง ประเทศสาธารณรัฐประชาธิปไตยประชาชนลาว

  • ทิพกร ถาวรศักดิ์ Khon Kean University
  • นิวัฒน์ มาศวรรณา Khon Kean University
Keywords: Pesticide application behaviors, Cabbage production

Abstract

The results revealed that 44.2 percent of the farmers grew cabbage as their main occupation, with an average cabbage growing area of 0.29 hectare per household. Approximately 59.8 percent of the farmers grew cabbage on river bank. The land was ploughed and sun dried for an average of 6.4 days in order to prepare the land for cabbage growing. The farmer’s household has an average annual cash income of 10,610,892.8 kip. Out of this figure, 4,304,090.9 kip was derived from cabbage growing. The majority of the farmers were members of the village fund group. On average, they borrowed money from the group to invest in cabbage growing 909,090.9 kip per household. The main problems encountered by the cabbage growers included: grower lack of knowledge to improve soil fertility, labor use for cabbage production and the problem of pest control in cabbage field as higher on cabbage processing, and cabbage aphid and armyworm outbreak. The cabbage growers followed the recommended behaviors on chemical pesticide application from time to time. To solve the problem of cabbage grower, researcher have used the metrology called quantities research to conduct by collection the data resource from local area who grows cabbage 107 samples from XeingNguen district 67 sample from Luangprabang district and 50 sample from Nambak district the 224 samples above in different area were used to conduct this problem. The statistical test showed that farmers with different size of cabbage growing area followed the recommended behaviors on pesticide application differently on some issues. The farmers with larger size of cabbage growing area tended to follow the recommended behaviors on chemical pesticide application at greater extent than the farmers with smaller size of cabbage growing area.
Published
2014-10-26
Section
วิทยาศาสตร์กายภาพ