Main Article Content
This paper aims to discuss: (1) The concept of institutional research; (2) Conducting and application of institutional research; (3) Publicity of institutional research; (4) Institutional research and organizational efficiency; (5) Problems and obstacles in conducting institutional research; and (6) Recommendations for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of institutional research in Thailand. Based on this study it was found that: (1) Institutional research is the research conducted in higher education institutions by staff of the institutions, especially the academic supporting staff. The scope of institutional research includes the study of curriculum, students, staff, facilities and finance. It is used as the data base for management decision making and improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the higher education institutions. (2) Most universities conduct institutional research and utilize it for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the management of the university. It is considered a part of the functions of a research institute or center in most universities. In some universities an institutional research unit is established as the responsible organization for institutional research. Many universities establish policy, guidelines, rules, regulations and procedures relating to the management and administration of institutional research. A budget is also allocated for institutional research in many universities. In addition, an Institutional Research and Higher Education Development Association was established to promote the conduct and application of the institutional research in Thailand. (3) The publicity of the results of the institutional research is conducted in three major ways: publicizing via the website of the university, publishing research articles in a specific institutional research journal or in other journals, both at national and international levels, and presenting research papers in the institution’s research academic conferences or in other academic conferences. (4) Most of institutional research projects conducted by Thai universities concentrate on students: (5) The major problems and obstacles in conducting and application of institutional research include: lack of knowledge and skills in research of the staff, especially those academic support staff of the university; budget availability is insufficient to support the institutional research projects, sources for publicizing institutional research is quite limited, both in terms of publishing in academic journals and academic conferences. (6) It is recommended that: various training and development programs should be developed to promote research knowledge and skills of the academic support staff of universities to help them to produce more institutional research, a sufficient budget should be allocated by universities to support and encourage their university staff to produce more institutional research, more institutional research journals should be established to provide a higher profile publicity platform for institutional research, the Institutional Research and Higher Education Development Association should play a more active role in promoting the conduct and application of institutional research (e.g., an institutional research journal should be established and operated by the Association, more training courses and academic conferences should be organized by the Association). More opportunities and support, including financial support, should be provided to university staff to enable them to participate in academic conferences and publication of papers in academic journals, both at the national level in Thailand and at the international level.
ขอมอบลิขสิทธิ์บทความที่ได้รับการตีพิมพ์ให้แก่สถาบันเสริมศึกษาและทรัพยากรมนุษย์ กรณีมีการฟ้องร้องเรื่องการละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์เกี่ยวกับภาพ กราฟ ข้อความส่วนใดส่วนหนึ่ง และ/หรือข้อคิดเห็นที่ปรากฎในบทความ ให้เป็นความรับผิดชอบของข้าพเจ้าและผู้เขียนร่วมแต่เพียงผู้เดียว
Alford, H. Institutional Research: What is Institutional Research? Online available at : https://joo.gl/E3vx: retrieved 28 November 2018.
Association for Institutional Research. AIR Quick Facts. Online available at : https://www.airweb.org/AboutUs/ Pages/AboutAIR.aspx: retrieved 23 June 2018.
Association of Institutional Research and Higher Education Development. Online : http://www.air.or.th/AIR/index.php : retrieved 3 December 2018.
Babbie, E. (2008). The Basics of Social Research (4 ed.). Belmont, CA : Thomson Wadsworth.
Billyard, A. P., & Donohue, J. J. (2015). A Practical Organizational Efficiency Measure. Canada : Defence R&D Canad Centre for Operational Research and Analysis.
Boonraksa, T. (2005). Institutional Research : An Important Tool for Management of Modern Organization. Journal of Language and Culture. 24 (2). 82-84.
Cates, W. M. (1985). A Practical Guide to Educational Research. Englewood Cliffs, NJ. : Prentice-Hall, Inc.
de 'Waak, A. A. (2010). Achieving High Performance in the Public Sector : What Needs to BE Done? Public
Performance & Management Review, 34 (1), 83-106.
Duties and Functions of Institutional Research. Online available at: https://joo.gl/1nPm2: retrieved 23 June 2018.
Expert Data Base System, Pubulsongkram Rajabhat University : https://joo.gl/H4qBRSS8: retrieved 30 November 2018.
European Commission Directorate-General for Economic and Finance Affairs and Economic Policy Committee. Efficiency and effectiveness of public expenditure on tertiary education in the EU. Online available at : https://joo.gl/9Y5zA8J : retrieved 29 November 2018.
French, W. L., Bell, C. H., & Zawacki, R. A. (2005). Organization Development and Transformation : Managing Effective Change (6 ed.). Singapore: McGraw-Hill.
Gall, M. D., Gall, J. P., & Borg, W. R. (2003). Educational Research: An Introduction (7 ed.). Boston: Pearson Education, Inc.
Heebkaew, K., Sinparu, T., and Ruangsiri, P. (2014). Users’ Opinions on the Image of the Center for Library Resources and Educational Media, Suranaree University of Technology. PULINET Journal. Vol. 1. No. 1 : pp. 107-114.
Hilliard, A., & Taylor, W. (2010). Collaborative Approach: The Self-Study Process And Writing The Report. Contemporary Issues in Education Research, 3 (12), 21-28.
Howard, R. D., McLaughlin, G. W., & Knight, W. E. (2012). The Handbook of Institutional Research. San Francisco, CA : Jossey-Bass.
Huisman, J., Hoekstra, P., & Yorke, M. (2015). Institutional Research in Europe : A view from the European association for institutional Research. https://joo.gl/DyKhl: European Association for Institutional Research.
Information for Research Management, the Faculty of Optometry, Ramkhamhaeng University. Online: https://joo.gl/ pPCL8nFv : retrieved 13 November 2018.
Institutional Research Data Base Section, Planning Division, Mahasarakam University. Online : https://joo.gl/fgqT41h: retrieved 13 November 2018.
Institutional Research Section, Planning Division, Maejo University. (2011). Summary Report of Institutional Researcher Camp, 17-18 August 2011. Online : https://joo.gl/3dUMB4: Online, retrieved 10 June 2018.
Institutional Research Section, Policy and Planning Division, Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University. Online: https://joo.gl/ Km7r5 : retrieved 13 November 2018.
Institutional Research and Information Section, Planning Department, Suranaree University of Technology. Online : http://web.sut.ac.th/dpn/: retrieved 13 November 2018.
Institutional Research Section, Suranaree University of Technology. Online : https://joo.gl/CW4NWpxW : retrieved 13 November 2018.
Institutional Research Supporting Fund of Suranaree University of Technology. Online : http://web.sut.ac.th/dpn/ document/ir/ir-manual-58.pdf: retrieved 13 November 2018.
Institutional Research Fund of Khonkaen University. Online : https://joo.gl/UDvMk4 : retrieved 29 November 2018.
Institutional Research Fund, Rajamangala University Thanyaburi. Online : http://www.ird.rmutt.ac.th/?page_id=2980: retrieved 29 November 2018.
Institutional Research Section, Finance Division, Ramkhamhaeng University. Online : http://www.fis.ru.ac.th/km/ jupgrade/index.php/2552: retrieved 13 November 2018.
James, E. A., Slater, T., & Bucknam, A. (2012). Action Research for Business, Nonprofit, Public Administration : A Tool for Complex Times. Los Angeles : SAGE Publications, Inc.
Jarungsirawat. Experience in Conducting Institutional Research. Online : http://www.human.nu.ac.th/th/docs/ research/12.pdf : retrieved 3 December 2018.
Johnson, A. P. (2012). A Short Guide to Action Research (4 ed.). Boston : Pearson.
Journal of Professional Routine to Research (JPR2R), Mahidol University. Online : http://www.en.mahidol.ac.th/jpr2r/ volume3_2016.html : retrieved 13 November 2018.
Kemmis, S., & McTaggart, R. (2000). Participatory Action Research. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of Qualitative Research (2nd ed., pp. 567-605). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.
Kenny, J. (2008). Efficiency and effectiveness in higher education : Who is accountable for what? Australian University Review, 50 (1), 11-19.
Knight, W. E. (2003). Introduction. In W. E. Knight (Ed.), The Primer for Institutional Research. Tallahaaee, Florida : The Association for Institutional Research.
Kothari, C. R. (2004). Research Methodology : Methods and Techniques (2 ed.). New Delhi : New Age International (P) Limited, Publishers.
Kreitner, R. (2007). Management (10 ed.). Boston, MA. : Houghton Mifflin Company.
Kasarntikul, N., Daothiang, P. Naowong, S. (1981). Factors Effecting Institutional Research of Staff of Suranaree University of Technology. A Research Report Presented to Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima.
Ketnil, (2017). Influencing Institutional Research Factors of Academic Supporting Staff in Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University. Online : http://etheses.psru.ac.th/lib-irpsru/sites/default/files/site/default/thesis/tpg-1_33.pdf: retrieved 6 December 2018.
Khonkaen University Institutional Research Journal. Online : https://irj.kku.ac.th/: retrieved 13 November 2018.
Lasher, W. (2011). The History of Institutional Research and Its Role in American Higher Education Over the Past 50 Years. In G. Rice, M. A. Coughlin & R. Howard (Eds.), The Association for Institutional Research : The First 50 Years. Tallahassee, FL : Association for Institutional Research.
Marquardt, M. J. (1996). Building the Learning Organization : A Systems Approach to Quantum Improvement and Global Success. New York : McGraw-Hill.
McLean, G. N. . (2006). Organization Development : Principles - Processes - Performance. San Francisco :
Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.
MSCOHE. (2007). Self Study : Creating a Useful Process and Report (2 ed.). Philadelphia, PA : Middle States Commission on Higher Education.
OIRE. (2014). Office of Institutional Research and Effectiveness Operation Manual. Lakeland FL : Florida Polytechnic University.
Owen, K., Mundy, R., Guild, W., & R., Guild. (2001). Creating and sustaining the high performance organization. Managing Service Quality, 11(1), 10-21.
Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University. Announcement on Procedures for Submission of Request for Funding of Institutional Research. Online : https://joo.gl/OgXe: retrieved 29 November 2018.
Planning Division, the 0ffice of the President, Mahasarakam University. (2015). Students’ Satisfaction on Mahasarakam University. Online : http://www.plan.msu.ac.th/system/research/fileupload/fulltext_file/20160817b0lm3o1.pdf:
retrieved 13 November 2018.
Research and Development institute, Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi. Online : http://www.ird. rmutt.ac.th/ : retrieved 13 Noveber 2018.
Research Committee, Finance Division, Ramkhamhaeng University (2014) ; Opinions on Stress in Work Performance of Staff of Finance Division, the Office of the President of Ramkhamhaeng University. Online: https://joo.gl/ ZMOjgW : retrieved 29 November 2018.
SEAAIR. (2014). Journal of Institutional Research South East Asia. Journal of Institutional Research South East Asia, 12 (1), 1-123.
SEAAIR Annual Conferences. Online available at : http://www.seaairweb.info/Conference/index.aspx: retrieved 13 November 2018.
SEAAIR Brief History. Online available at: https://joo.gl/bsUh22Wp: retrieved 23 June 2018.
Senge, P. M. (1990). The Fifth Discipline : The Art and Practice of The Learning Organisation. New York : Doubleday.
South East Asian Association for Institutional Research (SEAAIR). Online available at : http://www.seaair.au.edu/ journal.html : retrieved 13 November 2018.
Srisa-arn, W. Institutional Research in Thailand : Past to Present. Online : https://joo.gl/QkijJy: retrieved 10 June 2018.
Suakamram, M., and Lila, S. (2013). Institutional Research and Strategic Management. Executive Journal. 33 (1). 95-100. Online : https://joo.gl/v5hxNwgY: retrieved 28 November 2018.
Swanson, R. A., & Holton III, E. F. (2001). Foundations of Human Resource Development. San Francisco : Berrett-Koehler.
Theerakul, S. Institutional Research : An Important Tool in Organization Development. Online : https://joo.gl/h5NA3N9 : retrieved 28 November 2018.
Training Document for Institutional Research Course B.E. 2561, Suranaree University of Technology. Online : https:// joo.gl/CW4NWpxW : retrieved 29 November 2018.
Traitham, W. (2016). A Comparative Analysis of Budget for Fiscal Years B.E. 2555-2557 of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University. Online : http://plan.psru.ac.th/index.php?module=research&id=115: retrieved 13 November 2018.
Volkwein, J. F. (2011). Gaining Ground : The Role of Institutional Research in Assessing Student Outcomes and Demonstrating Institutional Effectiveness. Occasional Paper #11 : learningoutcomesassessment.org : National Institute for Learning Outcomes Assessment.
Waheed, A. (2015). Learning Organization and Competitive Advantage-An Integrated Approach. Journal of
Asian Business Strategy, 5 (4), 73-79.
Wilaem. W. Poomsumrit, S., and Wannachote, Y. (2014). Problems and Needs in Conducting Institutional Research of Teaching Supporting Staff of Thammasat University. Thammasat University Journal. 33 (3). 73-103.Online : https://joo.gl/4lGUMo : retrieved 13 November 2018.
Wolszczak-Derlacz, J. (2014). An evaluation and explanation of (in)efficiency in higher education institutions in Europe and the U.S. with the application of two-stage semi-parametric DEA IRLE Working Paper No. 114-14. http://irle.berkeley.edu/workingpapers/114-14.pdf.