Reading the Rooftop Agricultural Landscape in the Governmental Organizations: The Case of One Local Government Office in Bangkok Metropolitan Region

Main Article Content

Thamniap Urankul https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6589-2658 Cuttaleeya Jiraprasertkun

Abstract

Landscape is a language. “Reading” landscape enhances the understanding of its profound meanings. In addition, it benefits the “writing” or changing (shaping) the landscape more contextually yielding the “narrative” which creates meaning of landscape for human and society to remember and imagine.


This research article focuses on the “reading” of agricultural rooftop garden in a district office in Bangkok. This landscape is fascinating to study for three reasons: 1) Location, it is an agricultural garden located on the roof of a district office. 2) Situation, it relates to today urban problems such as food security, the lacking of green space in the city, etc., and 3) The role of the garden which has created a corporate image. Hence, this study is a qualitative research using grounded theory with the “reading” of landscape through the view of “place”.


The results show that the Thai characteristics of the governmental organization contribute to the understanding of landscape in that organization. Such understanding explains why physical settings, activities, values and meanings of the garden have been modified to the “formalized” image. The formality of the landscape benefits staffs in various levels, from operational to executives, to produce the so-called “works”.


Furthermore, the results also lead to the understanding that the garden can create benefits to all parties only if the “formality” image has been loosely constructed and formed, yet it is actually open for staffs in different levels to adapt or change its “contents” according to the situation of the organization. Such condition would allow related staffs to participate as well as negotiate the benefits from their involvement. This conclusion contributes a lesson learnt that the separation of structure and contents, or in the other words splitting regulations from real practice, becomes the key for the continuity of this garden till the present day in specific and unique characters.

Keywords

Article Details

Section
Articles

References

1. Auewsriwong, N. (1994) หมายเหตุวัฒนธรรมร่วมสมัย [Note on the Contemporary Culture.]. Bangkok, Thailand: Praew Publishing.
2. Bangkok Metropolitant Administration. (2016). ฐานข้อมูลและระบบติดตามประเมินผลการเพิ่มพื้นที่สีเขียวของกรุงเทพมหานคร V.2 [Database, Monitoring and Evaluate System of Bangkok
Green Areas V.2]. Bangkok, Thailand. Retrieved April 27, 2016, from https://203.155.220.118/green-parks-admin/
3. Bell, S. (2012). Landscape: Pattern, Perception and Process (2nd ed.). New York: Routledge.
4. Canter, D. (1977). The Psychology of Place. London: Architectural Press.
5. Charoensin-o-larn, C. (2014). รัฐศาสตร์แนววิพากษ์ [Critical Political Science]. Bangkok, Thailand: Thammasat University.
6. Chotiudompant, S. (2016). บทนำ [Introduction]. In Chotiudompant, S. (Ed.), ถกเถียงเรื่องคุณค่า [Debate about Value] (pp. 11-40). Bangkok, Thailand: Vibhasa.
7. Cresswell, T. (2004). Place : A Short Introduction. Coventry: Blackwell.
8. Extention and Training Office, Kasetsart University. (2008). การสร้างขบวนการขับเคลื่อนเศรษฐกิจพอเพียง [Creating The Sufficiency Economy Movement]. Retrieved April 30, 2016, from https://www.eto.ku.ac.th/s-e/build-th.html
9. Henderson, A. M., & Parsons, T. (1966). The Theory of Social and Economic Organization. New York: Free Press.
10. Holdsworth, D. W. (1997). Landscape and Archives as Texts. In P. Groth & T. W. Bressi (Eds.), Understanding Ordinary Landscapes (pp. 44-55). New Haven: Yale University Press.
11. Maneethorn, E. (2008). ระบบราชการ รัฐวิสาหกิจ และองค์การมหาชนของไทย [Bureaucracy, State enterprise, and Public Organization]. Bangkok, Thailand: Worldtrade Thailand.
12. Meinig, D. W. (1979). The beholding eye: Ten versions of the same scene. In D. W. Meinig (Ed.), The interpretation of ordinary landscapes: Geographical essays (pp. 33-48). New York: Oxford University Press.
13. Nespor, J. (2000). Anonymity and place in qualitative inquiry. Qualitative Inquiry, 6(4), 546-569. doi:10.1177/107780040000600408
14. Phattanawasin, S. & Kaewlai, P. (2014). อ่านสถาปัตยกรรม [Reading Architecture].Bangkok, Thailand: Samlada.
15. Pisali, V. (2014). กรุงเทพฯ ยามราตรี [Bangkok at Night]. Bangkok, Thailand: Matichon.
16. Sakhonwasee, S. (2011). ผักตีลังกา: เมื่อพืชถูกท้าทายโดยแรงโน้มถ่วง [Inverted Vegetable: When the plants are challenged by gravity]. Kasetsart Extension Journal, 57(1), 72-81.
17. Sanyaviwat, S. (2006). สังคมวิทยาองค์การ [Sociology of Organization]. (2 ed.). Bangkok, Thailand: Chulalongkorn University Press.
18. Serirat, S., Hirankitti, S., & Wanitchayaporn, S. (2002). ทฤษฎีองค์การ: ฉบับมาตรฐาน [Organization Theory: Standard Issue]. Bangkok, Thailand: Diamond in business world.
19. Spirn, A. W. (1998). The Language of Landscape: Yale University Press.
20. Sukawattana, K. (1996). ปาฐกถาชุด "สิรินธร" ครั้งที่ 12 เรื่อง สวนไทย [Sirindhorn Lecture Series #12th on “Thai Gardens”]. Retrieved December 21, 2015, from https://www.cca.chula.ac.th/protocol/images/stories/book/pdf/book-sirinthorn12.pdf
22. Sunakorn, P. & Davivongs, M.L.V. (2016). คู่มือเกษตรบนอาคาร [Manual of Agriculture on Building]. Bangkok, Thailand: Department of Building Innovation and Technology & Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Kasetsart University.
23. Tamronglak, A. (2010). องค์การ: ทฤษฎี โครงสร้าง และการออกแบบ [Organization: Theory, Structure, and Designed] (2 ed.). Bangkok, Thailand: Kasetsart Universty.
24. The Royal Society. (2013). พจนานุกรม ฉบับราชบัณฑิตยสถาน พ.ศ. 2554 [Dictionary by The Royal Society B.E. 2554]. (2 ed.). Bangkok, Thailand: The Royal Society.
25. Wiles, R., Crow, G., Heath, S., & Charles, V. (2008). The management of confidentiality and anonymity in social research. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 11(5), 417-428. doi:10.1080/13645570701622231
26. Wittaya-u-dom, V. (2011). ทฤษฎีองค์การ: ฉบับแนวใหม่ [Organization Theory: Modern issue]. Bangkok, Thailand: Thanathatkanphim.