Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model: Theoretical Lens for a Community-Based Research

Main Article Content

Rachanee Sunsern Wannarat Lawang


A community-based research is used for addressing a complex situation in a community. It focuses on a people as a central of the development and also concerns all surrounding factors to move forward to achieve a better life of a person and a community as its ultimate goal. Bronfenbrenner’s model has been developed to improve the research method conducting in a community. The model involves person, process, context, and time to make change of a person by interaction with people and other environment in certain community.  The model is used as a major of research method to improve community health today.


Article Details

How to Cite
Sunsern, R., & Lawang, W. (2019). Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model: Theoretical Lens for a Community-Based Research. Journal of Health Science and Alternative Medicine, 1(1), 4-7. Retrieved from
Special Articles


[1] Sclove RE, Scammell ML, Holland B. Community-based research in the United States. Amherst, MA: The Loka Institute. 1998.
[2] Stoecker R. Are we talking the walk of community-based research? Action Research. 2009; 7(4): 385-404.
[3] Minkler M, Wallerstein N. Introduction to community-based participatory research: New issues and emphases. In M. Minkler & N. Wallerstein (Eds.). Community-based participatory research for health: From process to outcomes. San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons. 2010; 5-23.
[4] Pavlish CP, Pharris MD. Community-based collaborative action research: A nursing approach. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. 2011.
[5] Wallerstein N, Duran B. Critical issues in developing and following CBPR principles. In M. Minkler & N. Wallerstein (Eds.). Community-based participatory research for health: From process to outcome. Sanfransisco, California: Jossey Bass.2008; 2nd; 47-66.
[6] Lawang W. Developing support for Thai family caregivers of adults with a physical disability: A community-based action research. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation), La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia. 2013.
[7] McLeroy KR, Bibeau D, Steckler A, Glanz K. An ecological perspective on health promotion programs. Health Education Behavior. 1988; 15(4), 351-77.
[8] 8.Telleen S, Maher S, Pesce RC. Building community connections for youth to reduce violence. Psychology in the Schools. 2003; 40(5), 549-63.
[9] Bronfenbrenner U. Toward an experimental ecology of human development. American Psychologist. 1977; 32: 515-31.
[10] Lewthwaite B. University of Manitoba Centre for Research in Youth, Science Teaching and Learning: Applications and Utility of Urie Bronfenbrenner's Bio-ecological Theory. 2011. Retrieved from
[11] Tudge JR, Mokrova I, Hatfield BE, Karnik RB. Uses and misuses of Bronfenbrenner's bioecological theory of human development. Journal of Family Theory and Review. 2009; 1(4), 198-210.
[12] Bronfenbrenner U. Ecological models in human development. In T. Husén & T. N. Postlethwaite (Eds.). Oxford, UK: Pergamon. The international encyclopedia of education. 1994; 2(3): 1643-47
[13] Bronfenbrenner U. Developmental ecology through space and time: A future perspective. In P. Moen, G. H. Elder & K. Luscher (Eds.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Examining lives in context: Perspectives on the ecology of human developmen. 1995; 619-47.
[14] Bronfenbrenner U, Morris PA. The bioecological model of human development. In W. Damon & R. M. Lerner (Eds.). New York: Wiley. Handbook of child psychology. Theoretical models of human development, 6th edt. 2006; 1: 793-828.
[15] Bronfenbrenner U. Making human beings human: Bioecological perspectives on human development. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage. 2005.
[16] Bronfenbrenner U, Morris P. The ecology of developmental processes. In W. Damon & R. M. Lerner (Eds.). New York: Wiley. Handbook of child psychology : Theoretical models of human. 1998; 1 (5h edit): 993-1023).
[17] Bronfenbrenner U. Ecology of the family as a context for human development: Research perspectives. Devekopmental Psychology. 1986; 22(6): 723-42.
[18] Mcmillan BW. An ecological perspective on individual human development. Early Child Development and Care. 1990; 55(1): 33-42.
[19] Washington L. A contextual analysis of caregivers of children with disabilities. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment. 2009; 19(5): 554-71.
[20] Adamsons K, O'Brien M, Pasley K. An ecological approach to father involvement in biological and stepfather families. Fathering: A Journal of Theory, Research, and Practice about Men as Fathers. 2007; 5(2): 129-147.
[21] Schiamberg LB, Gans D. An ecological framework for contextual risk factors in elder abuse by adult children. Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglect. 1999; 11(1): 79-103.