A STUDY OF VOCAL MELODIES IN KHAEK MON BANGKHUNPROM TAO BY KHRU OUSA SUKUNTAMALAI

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รุจี ศรีสมบัติ

Abstract

This research aims to study vocal melodies in Khaek Mon Bangkhunprom Tao by Khru Ousa Sukuntamalai including the history of Khru Ousa Sukuntamalai. The information was collected from textbooks, documents, and interviews with disciples and persons involved. The vocal melodies in Khaek Mon Bangkhunprom Tao by Khru Ousa Sukuntamalai were studied from tape recordings and by using the theory of Thai songs to analyze and guide the analysis. The results were as follows:This research aims to study vocal melodies in Khaek Mon Bangkhunprom Tao by Khru Ousa Sukuntamalai including the history of Khru Ousa Sukuntamalai. The information was collected from textbooks, documents, and interviews with disciples and persons involved. The vocal melodies in Khaek Mon Bangkhunprom Tao by Khru Ousa Sukuntamalai were studied from tape recordings and by using the theory of Thai songs to analyze and guide the analysis. The results were as follows: History :Khru Ousa Sukuntamalaihad a nickname, “Tub” and, with the beautiful voice of Khru Ousa, she was generally known by her alias “Mae Tub Siung Thong”. Khru Ousa was born on the 7th of August, 1901 during the reign of King Chulalongkorn or Rama V. She was the daughter of Jangwang, a title given to the Chamberlain of the Royal House hold , Sud and Mrs.Teiyb, and she had a total of 7 brothers and sisters. She learned to sing Thai songs from her father and singing teacher at the palace. When her father and mother died, Khru Ousa received patronage from H.H. Princess Saisavali Bhiromya, the royal consort of King Rama V. In 1910. Khru Ousa married Luang Pramanmanutum( MuenBunyarattaphan ).They had 4 children together. Kru Ousa passed away peacefully on the 16th of December, 1985. The Vocal Melodies in Khaek Mon Bangkhunprom Tao by Khru Ousa Sukuntamalai 1.Forms (Form) singing as phrase. The vocal melodies style is a Ternary Form which is a three-part musical form or in Thai language “Tre Bod”, and it has twenty-three sentence ,fifty-nine phrase. 2.Scales (Scale) are composed by using scales of 7 notes in G Dorian mode. 3.There are 3 vocal word types used: “Phan Siung” which means to change the vocal sound to match the tone marks , “Khatob Kum” which is singing only one word to many notes, and “Siung Plib” which is a short ad-lib sound which has no meaning. These are known as “Ueun” in the song. There are 2 types of “Siung Plib” used: an ad-lib sound after the vocal word and an ad-lib sound between the vocal words. 4.There are 5 types of singing ad-lib 1.“Ueun” such as “Ueun Tai Kum” which is singing ad-lib after the vocal word and the last sound to match with the ending note. 2.“Ueun Rawang Kum” is singing a short ad-lib note in the same scale to connect the vocal words. 3.“Ueun Eisara” is singing improvised ad-lib to comply with the melody and Rhythmic patterns of the song. 4.“Ueun Khatob Siung” is singing a long sound connected with a short sound and then back to the same sound as the previous note ad-lib after the vocal word or vocal melodies. 5.The technique of Khru Ousa Sukuntamalai to singing ad-lib “Ueun” is to sing using the sound of 7 notes to connect the same notes in different song bars to avoid singing a long ad-lib sound. The special technique to sing ad-lib “Ueun” of Khru Ousa Sukuntamalai is a guide for the chorus class of Thai song and can help students acquire knowledge, gain some experience and improve their singing of Thai songs.

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How to Cite
ศรีสมบัติร. (2017). A STUDY OF VOCAL MELODIES IN KHAEK MON BANGKHUNPROM TAO BY KHRU OUSA SUKUNTAMALAI. Institute of Culture and Arts Journal, 19(1 (37), 126-135. Retrieved from https://www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jica/article/view/105643
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บทความวิจัย