THE ROLES OF LOUIS XIV ON FRENCH ROYAL COURT DANCE

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ธรากร จันทนะสาโร

Abstract

        The objective of this research is to study the role of Louis XIV as the patron of the French court dance and to study the state of French court dance. The study was qualitative research, collected document data with interview, then analyzed, synthesized and summarized data respectively.


        The results of the study can divided the role of Louis XIV in French court dance into 2 parts   1) Louis XIV gave the opportunity for professional dancers attended court dance because he had increased his weight body and he wanted to preserved the dignity of the King. Also, He wanted professional dancers replaced cameo role dancers and 2) Louis XIV initiative founded the first dance institution established in the world: Académie Royale de Danse on 1661. The objects of academy were enhanced the perfection of professionalism in dancing as much as possible. This academy served the society until the French Revolution.


        The states of French court dance were found 4 results as follow: 1) The conception phenomena of French court dance founded that the presentation, content and dancing were influenced by the high class people or vassals level, believed in Mythology and created a human image had a power of god over other people. 2) The presentation of dance identity founded that the performance called Minuet dance which focused and presented manner of the court and important social traditions through training and performance. 3) The Ballet de cour in French founded that the characteristic of court dance reflected luxuriousness in French court included music, poetry and dance and attendees can associated at the end of performance. And 4) Louis XIV with Le Ballet de la Nuit founded that Louis XIV acted himself as the Sun which surrounded servants as the center of universe, used the Sun as symbol which meant honor, love, courage, prestige and peace.


          The connection between historical phenomena and research’s result, explicit knowledge was included ethnic dance. The phenomenon in Louis XIV was effected from changing of politics, social, tradition, religion and economics. Also using court dance represented power, prestige and demanding of France as the center of Europe affected dancing was important tools and inevitably linked with politics.


 

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How to Cite
จันทนะสาโรธ. (2019). THE ROLES OF LOUIS XIV ON FRENCH ROYAL COURT DANCE. Institute of Culture and Arts Journal, 20(2), 162-172. Retrieved from https://www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jica/article/view/199123
Section
Research Articles

References

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