Study on the Performance of the Micro Direct Ethanol Fuel Cell (Micro-DEFC) for the Portable Electronic Device Application

Main Article Content

บดินเดช จูมมณี เพ็ญญารัตน์ สายสิริรัตน์

Abstract

The objective of this research for studying about alternative energy which is clean and environmental friendly for reducing an air pollution which affects the people life in the present. This research study on the performance of the micro direct ethanol fuel cell (Micro-DEFC) for the portable electronic device. It is also to study the consumption of ethanol fuel which affect on the electric current density production. The cell performance is specified in the terms of cell voltage and power of the cell at several conditions. The results indicated that the increasing of concentrations of ethanol by volume, fuel at the reaction site is increased with the electrochemical rate is also increased but when it is reached the saturation point are gently drop. From the average experimental data revealed that the maximum current production, maximum voltage and maximum power density of fuel cell are 18.8 mA, 0.96 V and 18.2 mW, respectively. They are occurred at the ratio of ethanol equal to 13 milliliters mixed 60 milliliters of pure distilled water and the cell operating temperature at 49 to 50 °C intense 1 atm of pressure. From the calculations show that the increasing ethanol, the operating temperature of the fuel cell, the electrical current production and electrical power density production are also increased. On the other hand, the electrical potential of the fuel cell and the efficiency of the fuel cell are noticeably reduced.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
บทความวิจัย (Research Article)
Author Biography

บดินเดช จูมมณี

วิทยาลัยเทคโนโลยีอุตสาหกรรม มหาวิทยาลัยเทคโนโลยีพระจอมเกล้าพระนครเหนือ

References

[1] Prommet P. The Fuel cells alternative energy for the future. Princess of Naradhiwas University Journal. 2015; 2: 157-70. (in Thai)
[2] Wongyao N, Therdthianwong A, Therdthianwong S. Performance of direct alcohol fuel cells fed with mixed methanol/ethanol solutions. Energy Conversion and Management. 2011; 52: 2676-81.
[3] Xu Q, Zhao TS, Yang WW, Chen R. A flow field enabling operating direct methanol fuel cells with highly concentrated methanol. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2011; 36: 830-8.
[4] Matsuoka K, Iriyama Y, Abe T, Matsuoka M, Ogumi Z. Alkaline direct alcohol fuel cells using an anion exchange membrane. Journal of Power Sources. 2005; 150: 27-31.
[5] Roelofs KS, Hirth T, Schiestel T. Dihydrogenimidazole modified silica-sulfonated poly (ether ether ketone) hybrid materials as electrolyte membranes for direct ethanol fuel cells. Materials Science and Engineering B. 2011; 176: 727-35.
[6] Song SQ, Zhou Wj, Zhou ZH, Jiang L, Sun GQ, Xin Q, et al. Direct ethanol PEM fuel cells: The case of platinum based anodes. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2005; 30: 995-1001.
[7] Hoonsom M. PEM fuel cells and electrochemistry analysis. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University Press; 2013. (in Thai)
[8] Abdullah S, Kamarudin SK, Hasran UA, Masdar MS, Daud WRW. Development of a conceptual design model of a direct ethanol fuel cell (DEFC). International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2015; 35: 11943-8.
[9] Andreadis GM, Podias AKM, Tsiakaras PE. The effect of the parasitic current on the direct ethanol PEM fuel cell operation. Journal of Power Sources. 2008; 181: 214-27.
[10] Yin KM. An algebraic model on the performance of a direct methanol fuel cell with consideration of methanol crossover. Journal of Power Sources. 2007; 167: 420-9.
[11] Zhu H, Kee RJ. A general mathematical model for analyzing the performance of fuel-cell membrane-electrode assemblies. Journal of Power Sources. 2003; 117: 61-74.