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This article entitled The Intention and Moral Responsibility in Buddhist Ethical Perspective is purposely made to study on how the relationship between intention and moral responsibility is connected. This is documentary research.
In the study, it was found that the intention is a man’s will to act through three kinds of action, bodily, verbal and mental action. As regards moral responsibility, it means getting the result of what one has done. In the study of the relationship between intention and moral responsibility, four cases of examples have been shown here in order to answer as to whether or not the intention is always bound by moral responsibility. The study showed that there is only one case that the intention and moral responsibility are necessarily bound, namely in the case of a worldly doer whose intention is present thereby binding moral responsibility, but there are other three cases that the intention and moral responsibility are not necessarily connected, that are, in the case of Arahanta whose intention is present and thereby binding no moral responsibility despite having intention, in the case of a worldly doer and Arahanta whose past actions which have not involved in the present actions is without intention and thereby binding no moral responsibility and in the case of a worldly doer whose intention is not present and thereby binding not moral responsibility; such an action becomes a mere non-action.
In this research, a researcher is of the view that according to Buddhist ethics, the problem that whether or not the intention and moral responsibility have mutual relationship is a matter of the law of Kamma especially the time concerning the difference of its retribution, to wit: some Kamma yields its retribution in the present birth and some Kamma next birth, in such phenomena the intention and moral responsibility become problematic giving rise to the problem of its relationship.