Main Article Content
This Paper aimed to 1) study ethnic group’s attitudes towards using the renewable energy in Maeai, Chiang Mai Province, and 2) study problems and obstacles of renewable energy usage of ethnic group in Maeai, Chiang Mai Province. This qualitative research precisely gathered information from key informants living in area of the Royal Project: “small house in the woods” (Doi fah Hompok).
The results were found that: 1) Most renewable energy uses in the country, are solar energy solar cells. Household Lighting, Lighting and agricultural use such as fresh coffee mills. 2) Geographically, this place is a land with abundant water resource, hence it is ideally appropriate. Yet abundance doesn’t mean unlimited, thus it must be wisely planned and managed to be sustainable. As a result, water resource management comes playing significantly role in this project. Renewable energy has so many benefits, such as natural conservation, improving life quality by reducing household and utilities cost or providing job opportunities. The locals as well as the government will plan their local natural resource to be used in the most beneficial and effective way. The locals will be educated about renewable technology and finally can do everything by themselves. 3) For problems and obstacles, it shows that lack of the public hearing and people’s needs. The fixing and maintaining technology seems too complicated and not practical, based on the budget of the community. In every rainy season, the rain will cause the sediments such as gravels, sand, stone, to be accumulated and clogged the water channels and weirs. As a result, the water pressure will not be enough to generate electricity. Inconsistency of tracking, monitoring and recording also happens due to ineffective communication between the government and the minorities. Lastly, the minorities don’t realize the purpose of using renewable energy and can hardly catch up with the new technology. When the technology is impractical, it can’t make the sustainability happens.