Analytical Study the Relationship of Dependent Origination with Enlightenment in Theravada Buddhism

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Satip Analyo Kaewkomo

Abstract

This research is of three objectives as: 1) to study the Paicca-samuppāda principle in the Theravāda Buddhist scriptures, 2) to study the Dhamma attainment in the Theravāda Buddhist scriptures, and 3) to analyze the relationship between Paicca-samuppāda with the Dhamma attainment.


The Paicca-samuppāda is the critical principle in Buddhism demonstrating the processes of the natural laws. They were the truths which naturally existed, interrelated and characteristically caused a chain throughout the line both in the line of birth and in the line of death in the course of life since birth until death. The Paicca-samuppāda principle, had the relationship with Dhamma pertaining to the processes, which were the 5 Khanda (The Five Aggregates), the Tilakkhaa (the Three Characteristics), the 4 Ariyasacca (The Four Noble Truths) and the 8 ariyamacca  (the Noble Eightfold Path).


The Dhamma attainment is the ultimate goal in Buddhism. The who expected to attain the Dhamma is required to be enlightened in the 4 Ariyasacca and the practical method of self-development framed by the 8 Ariya-magga. This was through practicing the Tilakkhaa in order to develop oneself to reach the Dhamma state of its attainment beginning from the stage of the Sotāpanna (the first stage of noble) until Nibbāna which was the ultimate goal of Noble disciple.


In analyzing the relationship between the Paicca-samuppāda principle with the Dhamma attainment in the Theravāda Buddhist scriptures, it was fond that the Paicca-samuppāda principle is the process of causes in the human life cycle. It begin with Avijjā (ignorance) including aging and death and so on. Avijjā refers to ignorance in the 5 Khanda involving Aniccatā (impermanence), Dukkhatā (suffering) and Anattatā (soullessness). There is endless rebirth, which defines the critical laws of nature and the line of birth. As of the Dhamma attainment, there is relationship with the Paicca-samuppāda principle because the Dhamma achievers are demanded to be enlightened with the natural laws, that is a person who are detached with all of the āsava-kilesa (mental intoxication or canker) It does not relate to the causes of the death cycle in particular. The right self-development under the principle of the threefold Training until attaining to the zenith of wisdom, that is Nibbāna (the Summum Bonum of Buddhism).

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