การป้องกันและจัดการการรังแกกันในโรงเรียน (Prevention and response of bullying in school)

Main Article Content

วิมลวรรณ ปัญญาว่อง

Abstract

Objective: This article presented a literature review of evidence-based preventive and responsive bullying program in school.


Methods: Electronic databases were used for searching empirical evidences relating to school-based anti-bullying programs, focusing on systematic reviews, meta analysis studies and national program/ guidelines.


Results: Evidences indicated that successful anti-bullying program should take whole-school approach and promoting safety culture in school. Training for teachers and school staffs, especially how to promote positive school climate and how to deal with bullying appropriately, was significantly important. Universal intervention for all students and curriculum-based program will be more effective and long lasting than specific group and short-term intervention. Key points of intervention included emotional and social skills and appropriate ways to respond to bullying. Significant program usually promote positive bystanders to be key persons to report and stop bullying events.


Conclusion: Effective and sustainable anti-bullying program in school involves transformation of school culture and environment. It requires not only collaboration from policy level to individual level, but also long duration and continuity.

Keywords

Article Details

Section
Review article

References

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