The Importance of Environmental Interpretation Skill of Marine Tour Guide in Marine Tour Operator

Main Article Content

Pisit Tuntipisitkul Sanya Chimphimon

Abstract

The key to marine tourism is natural resources, whether it be the abundance of coral reefs, the diversity of marine life, or the cleanliness of the sea. The level of understanding regarding environmental awareness and protection has recently improved, among tour operators and tourists alike. There is increasing evidence of environmental education posts on social media and the widespread condemnation of people who are guilty of misconduct and causing damage to public marine ecosystem.


For these reasons, this article recognizes the necessity to analyze the importance of environmental interpretation skills for the modern marine tour guide. The writing analysis of this article is done based on related literature and the experience of participating in tour guide training certification programs for eight batches in Phuket, Phang Nga and Krabi provinces. The analysis is supplemented by direct observations from inspections of marine tour operations in Phuket. The article points out that many marine tour guides nowadays focus on informing tourists about activities, times, places, and equipment, but neglect environmental education and interpretation. In addition to this, the study found that there were also problems with a general lack of skills, techniques, and awareness regarding good environmental interpretation. 

Keywords

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
บทความวิชาการ (Review Article)

References

Abecasis, R.C., Longnecker, N., Schmidt, L., Clifton, J. (2013). Marine conservation in remote small island settings: Factors influencing marine protected area establishment in the Azores. Marine Policy 40, 1–9.

Armstrong, K. E., & Weiler, B. (2002). Getting the Message Across: An Analysis of Messages Delivered by Tour Operators in Protected Areas. Journal of Ecotourism, 1(2-3), 104-121.

Bob, P. (1977). Definition of Interpretation. Paper at: Association of Interpreters Naturalists Workshop, Texas A & M University, April 1977.

Chaverri, A. (1988): Natural trails: What are they? CATIE, Costa Rica. 15p.

Don, A. (1973). Upgrading Park Interpretation and Communication with the Public. IUCN (ed.), Second World Conference on National Parks; Yellowstone and Grand Teton, USA.

Fabinyi, M. (2008). Dive tourism, fishing and marine protected area in The Calamianes Islands, Philippines. Marine Policy, 32, 898-904.

Hammerton, Z., & Bucher, D. (2015). Levels of interventionereducing SCUBA-diver impact within subtropical marine protected areas. Journal of Ecotourism,14 (1), 3-20.

Hammit, F., & Morales, H. (1981). Selected Chapters of Interpreting Our Heritage, CATIE, Costa Rica.

Jensen, B.B., (2002). Knowledge, action and pro-environmental behavior. Environ. Educ. Res, 8(3), 325-334.

Larry B., & Ted T.C. (2011). The gifts of interpretation. Champaign, IL: Sagamore.

Larsen, D., Mayo, C., Wolter, S. A., & Barrie, B. (2009). Foundation of interpretation competency narrative. Indiana University Agreemen

McIntosh R. W., Goleldner C. R., & Ritchie B. (2000). Tourism: Principles and Philosophies. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York.

Paul, H. R. (1982). The Interpretive Talk. In: G. Sharpe (ed.), Interpreting the Environment. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. London.

Pearce, P. L. (2005). Tourist behaviour: Themes and conceptual schemes. Aspects of Tourism. Channel View Publications, Clevedon, UK, p. 241.

Pelletier, D., García-Charton, J. A., Ferraris, J., David, G., Thébaud, O., Letourneur, Y., Claudet, J., Amand, M., Kulbicki, M., Galzim, R., (2005). Designing indicators for assessing the effects of marine protected areas on coral reef ecosystems: A multidisciplinary standartpoint. Aquat. Living Resource, 18, 15–33.

Pickering, C.M., Hill, W. (2007). Impact of recreation and tourism on plant biodiversity and vegetation in protected areas in Australia. Journal of Environmental Management, 85, 791–800.

Sharpe, Grant W. (1976). Interpretating the Environment. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York.

The Office of Strategy Management for Southern Province Cluster. (2017). The Development Plan Report For Southern Province Cluster (Ranong Phang Nga Phuket Krabi Trang) 2014-2017. Retrieved, 20 November 2017. From https://www.osmsouth-w.moi.go.th/file-data/039586.pdf

Tilden, F. (1957). Interpretive Our Heritage. The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.

Veverka, John A. (1998). Planning truly "Interpretive" Panels. In Interpretation – The Journal for the Society of the Interpretation of Britain’s Heritage, February 1998.

Weiler, B., & Ham, S.H. (2002). Tour Guide Training: A model for sustainable capacity building in developing countries. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 10(1), 52–69.