ผลของโปรแกรมการสร้างเสริมสุขภาพด้วยการออกกำลังกายด้วยไม้พลองประยุกต์ศิลปะพื้นบ้านร่วมกับการสนับสนุนทางสังคมต่อคุณภาพชีวิตของผู้สูงอายุ The effect of Health Promotion Program on Applied Folk Art Plong Stick Exercise and Social Support toward Quality of Li

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หนึ่งฤทัย โพธิ์ศรี บุญศรี กิตติโชติพาณิชย์

Abstract

This quasi – experimental, two group pretest-posttest research design was conducted to study the effect of health promotion program on applied folk art plong stick exercise and social support toward quality of life of elderly. The sample group consisted of 102 elderly who lived in Community setting and were screened for sample using Berg Balance scale and Barthel Index of Activities of Daily Living.  The participants were matched pair and simple randomly was divided in two groups of 22 participants each. The experimental group received the eight weeks with the applied folk art plong stick exercise and social support, while the control group received a conventional care. The data was collected using the WHOQOL-BREF–THAI. Data were analyzed using percentage, mean, standard deviation, Independent t-test and Paired Sample t-test.


          Results showed that after receiving the health promotion program on applied folk art plong stick exercise and social support.  The elderly in the experimental group had significant higher post-test quality of life mean score (M= 97.3, SD = 9.5) than the pre-test mean scores (M= 63.5, SD = 8.5) Furthermore, the mean difference between pre-test and post-test quality of life scores of the elderly in the experimental group  ( D1 = 33.78, SD = 9.2 ) was higher than the mean difference of the control group receiving routine care (D2 = 11.17, SD = 3.8)  was significant at level .05.


                The result of this study found that the  applied folk art plong stick exercise and social support program is evident to improve quality of life of the Elderly and could be used as an alternative for designing an intervention  program aiming at promoting mental health for the elderly.

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