การวิเคราะห์กลวิธีพัฒนาศักยภาพเกษตรกรปลูกยาสูบ ในการป้องกันพิษจากการใช้สารเคมีกำจัดศัตรูพืช Identifying Strategy to Strengthen Tobacco Farmers’ Abilities to Prevent Pesticide Toxicity

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เจนณรงค์ ละอองศรี เกษราวัลณ์ นิลวรางกูร

Abstract

This qualitative research using Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) process aimed to explore situation of using pesticide chemical among tobacco farmers and identify strategy to strengthen tobacco farmers’ abilities to prevent pesticide toxicity. The researcher acted as facilitator who empowered the participants in sharing their own experiences, reflected, analyzed and made their conclusion to prevent pesticide toxicity.


                The findings show that the situation in using pesticide in community tends to be severer i.e. This study also found that most tobacco farmers focus on income more than take care of their health. Most tobacco farmers mixed many kinds of pesticide together. Some tobacco framers used old sprayers without checking the condition before using them. They did not use instrument properly to protect themselves while using pesticide chemical. Moreover, they drank water and smoked cigarette while spraying the chemical.     Some tobacco farmers kept sprayers and containers of the pesticide chemical inappropriately. The results of the study also showed that strategies used to prevent the toxicity of pesticide chemical were     1) Community leaders should publicize people in their villages related to impact of using pesticide chemical on  community health and environment 2) Local administration organization provided yearly budget to train tobacco farmers and village health volunteers in preventing toxicity of pesticide chemical 3) Health personnel and agricultural technicians had to collaborating in develop handbooks  and train the farmers related to toxicity of pesticide chemical and how to prevent the toxicity 4) Establishing community rules to  address problems of using pesticide chemical.                                                              Community nurses, health personnel and stakeholders who are responsible to care for tobacco farmers  are able to use the results of this study to enhance the farmers’ abilities in preventing the toxicity of pesticide chemical properly and do not have illness related to pesticide chemical.

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