Main Article Content
The purpose of this research was: to study the factor structures of the research competencies and to examine the level of the research competencies of professional nurses in community hospitals.
The population comprised of 818 professional nurses who worked in community hospitals, in Roi-Et province. There were 276 professional nurses recrited by stratified random sampling. The research instrument was a questionnaire, developed by the researcher, and consisted of two sections. The first section was personal information (8 items) and the second was focused on research competencies of professional nurses in community hospitals (52 items). Content validity was verified by 5 experts, the content validity index was 0.95. The Cronbach alpha reliability was 0.87.
Data were analyzed by percentage, mean, standard deviation and exploratory factor analysis with Principal Component and Varimax rotation method.
The results were as follows: 1) Research competencies of professional nurses in community hospital was composed of 5 factors structure matrix (45 items)and accounted for 60.95% of the variance. The factors were: (1) Research-related knowledge ( 9 items), Research-related skills (11 items), Research-related attitude (11 items), Ethics ( 9 items), and perceived barriers of conducting research ( 5 items). 2) The professional nurses rated their research competencies at the high level (M =3.92, SD = 0.45) The subscales were rated in the following ranking: (1) Ethics (M= 4.45, SD = 0.58), Research-related knowledge (M= 4.21, SD = 0.57), Research-related attitude (M =4.13, SD = 0.59), Research-related skill (M =3.67, SD = 0.66), Perceived barriers of conducting research (M =3.14, SD = 0.83).