ผลของศิลปะบำบัดแบบกลุ่มต่อความแข็งแกร่งในชีวิตของเยาวชนผู้เสพสารเสพติด The Effect of Group Art Therapy on Resilience among Youths with Substance Abuse

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มนตรี ขุนอินทร์ทอง จุณห์จุฑา ชัยเสนา ดาลลาส ภรภัทร เฮงอุดมทรัพย์

Abstract

Resilience is considered as a significant predominant factor in transformative process from substance abuse to drug free in youths.  The purpose of this quasi-experimental study (two groups pretest posttest and follow up design) was to examine the effect of group art therapy on resilience among youths with substance abuse. The sample included twenty-four youths with substance abuse who met the inclusion criteria. They were selected by simple random sampling 12 into the experimental group and 12 into the control group. The experimental group received group art therapy (for 8 sessions, two sessions per week and each session took about 60 – 90 minutes), and substance abuse therapy conducted by the hospital. The control group received substance abuse therapy conducted by the hospital.  The Resilience inventory was employed to evaluate the effectiveness of the program at pre-posttest and one-month follow-up. Descriptive statistics, differential mean score, two-way repeated measure ANOVA and pairwise comparison test by Bonferroni’s method were employed to analyze the data.


                    The finding showed significant mean scores difference of resilience between the experimental group and control group at post-test (p < .05). In the experimental group, the mean scores of resilience at pre-test, post-test and 1-month follow-up were significantly different (p < .05).


                    The study results revealed this group art therapy program could promote resilience in youths with substance abuse. Nurses and other health professions could apply this program to promote resilience for youths with substance abuse and develop for other groups of patients.

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