ปัจจัยทำนายพฤติกรรมการออกกำลังกายของผู้สูงอายุโรคความดันโลหิตสูงในเขตบริการสุขภาพ ตำบลกระโพ อำเภอท่าตูม จังหวัดสุรินทร์ Predicting Factors Exercise Behaviors of Hypertensive Elderly People in Health Center Krapo, Thatoom district, Surin province

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วรรณภา ประภาสอน อรชพร เชิดนอก

Abstract

According to physiology changing of hypertensive elderly people is deterioration. Health promoting for exercise behaviors is important for maintenance physical fitness and activity daily living. This predictive correlation study aimed to examine factors predicting to exercise for hypertensive elderly people in Health Center Krapo, Thatoom District, Surin Province such as; joint disease, body mass index (BMI), perceived benefits of exercise, perceived barriers to exercise and social support. Samples consisted of 126 patients who were selected by purposive sampling. Research instruments included demographic questionnaire, the Exercise Behaviors Questionnaire, the Perceived Benefits of Exercise Questionnaire, the Perceived Barriers of Exercise Questionnaire, and the Social Support of Exercise Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Stepwise multiple regression.  


                Findings reveal that exercise behavior of hypertensive elderly people were medium level. (X = 2.58, S.D. = 1.10). Factors that can predict the exercise behavior of hypertensive elderly people were social support (Beta = .65, p < .01) and perceived barriers to exercise (Beta = -.33, p < .01) with statistical significance .01. Factors of joint disease, body mass index (BMI), perceived benefits of exercise, perceived barriers of exercise and social support of exercise accounted for 75.9 % of the variance with statistical significance .01. (R2 = .759, F = 75.592, p < .01).      


From findings can be used for public health staffs to develop social support program and to reduce barriers to exercise for hypertensive elderly people. Therefore, they will have more exercise.

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