ปัจจัยทำนายพฤติกรรมการดื่มเครื่องดื่มแอลกอฮอล์ในนักเรียนวัยรุ่น ในเขตเทศบาล จังหวัดสุรินทร์ Factors Predicting Alcohol Drinking Behavior Among Adolescent Students In Surin Municipality

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ณกร ลูกสยาม นันทิยา วัฒายุ ดวงใจ รัตนธัญญา

Abstract

Alcohol drinking remains a major public health and social issue, particularly among adolescents. Alcohol drinking is also
a major cause leading to sickness and death among adolescents. This predictive study aimed at studying alcohol drinking behavior and its predictive factors comprising of family risky factors, peer risky factors, and resiliency on alcohol drinking behavior among adolescent students. Using a simple random sampling, two schools were selected including one high school and one vocational school in Surin municipality. A total of 253 adolescent students who met the inclusion criteria were recruited using a convenience sampling. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and stepwise multiple linear regression analysis.


The results revealed that 51.7 % of students were identified as drinkers, in which 89.3% were males and 10.6% were females. Most adolescent students had alcohol drinking behavior at a low level (Mean = 3.94, SD = 5.47). Factors that could predict alcohol drinking behavior among adolescent students were peer risky factors and family risky factors. Altogether, they could explaine 32.7% of the variability in alcohol drinking behaviors (R2 = 0.327, F = 60.82, p < .001). Peer risky factor was the most important predictor of adolescent alcohol drinking behavior (β = .542, p = .001), followed by family risky factors
(β = .106, p = .047).


The study findings suggest that when designing a program to prevent adolescent alcohol drinking behavior, close friends encourage the ones who drink to join the program. In addition, the prevention program should target family to restrict adolescent access to alcohol by strengthening family relationships.

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