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This qualitative research aimed to study the cultural reflection of the custom of making Mathupayas Rice (rice porridge cooked with milk and honey) at Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, using participatory and non-participatory observations and in-depth interviews to collect data from 20 of those knowledgeable about the custom. Data analysis was conducted by categorizing, interpreting and making conclusions. The results showed that the custom of making Mathupayas Rice reflected Nakhon Si Thammarat people’s beliefs and faith in Buddhism and the strict observation of their customs, which, in turn, led to the inheritance of both their customs and Buddhist practice. Besides, it reflected the way of life of people in Nakhon Si Thammarat concerning their rice farming and agricultural practice as well as their Buddhist way of life. Temples and monks also participated in the customs along with people and government agencies. This can be considered as the conservation of customs and traditions and the inheritance of virtuous wisdom. Apart from that, it helps promote unity in the community as well as the kinship system which intertwines and creates solidarity among members of the society.
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