An Analytical Study of Pali Words in Tipitaka though Sadavisesa Texts

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Phramaha Komon Kamalo

Abstract

This article is a parth of research entiled ‘An Analytical Study of Pali Words in Tipitaka though Sadavisesa Texts’ aims at study the Pali language found in Anekatthavagga in Nighandu scripture. Its findings were that Saddavisesa group texts contain the foundational books for study Tipitaka divided into 4 types; 1) the group of grammar entailing principle of language, 2) group of glossaries of vocabulary (Nighandu), 3) group of prosody and   4) group of rhetoric (Keṭubha).


             In Anekatthavagga containing 359 verses, it found only 830 words, starting from Samaya up to Ātāpa word. In this work, the researcher had chosen only 20 words for analysis done based on Saddavisesa texts 4 groups; 1) Principle of language explores the word analysis by classifying into root, prefix such as Samaya = Saṃ/Sama + i/e/aya/yā+ a etc. (2) Dictionary deals with word’s meaning for example Samaya has 9 meanings etc. (3) Prosody means verse, for example, Anuṭṭhubhā-chanda with 8 syllables consisting of Paṭṭhayāvattagāthā etc. 4) Delicacy or principle of rhetoric contains 5 word embellishments etc.

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