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The objectives of this research are; 1) to study theories of western leadership and Buddhist leadership, 2) to study the methods of Sangha administration of Somdejphraphutthachan (Arch Asabha Mahathera), and 3) to propose the leadership of Somdejphraphutthajarn (Arch Asabha Mahathera) in Sangha administration. The data of this qualitative study were obtained from 1) documents, 2) interviews with 17 key-informants, and 3) focus group discussions with 8 experts, and then analyzed by content analysis.
The research results found that:
- According to western leadership theories, Somdetphraphuthajan (Arch Asabha Mahathera) was capable to build a leadership in himself, had a version and could inspire his subordinates to sacrifice for the organization successfully and effectively corresponding with Visionary, Transformational and Moral Leadership Theories. According to Buddhist leadership principles, he followed the principles of Papanika Dhamma, Brahmavihara Dhamma, Sangahavatthu Dhamma, Sappurisa Dhamma, Dasabidharaja Dhamma, and principles of leadership in the role and obligation consisting of Rajasangahavatthu, Saraniya Dhamma, Disa in Singalaka Sutta, and Aparihaniya Dhamma.
- In the Sangha administration approach, Somdetphraphuthajan (Arch Asabha Mahathera) applied the principles of participative management, rule of law, righteousness, exemplary behaving, and creativity in his performance, and he encouraged the others to work for duty sake for the benefits of organization and society.
- In Sangha administration, 8 leadership characteristics could be found in Somdetphraphuthajan (Arch Asabha Mahathera) as follows; 1) Vision, 2) Courage and intention, 3) Knowledge, 4) Human relation, 5) Team work, 6) Patience, 7) Honest and Fairness, and 8) Forgiveness. These leadership characteristics were applied in Sangha administration in 6 aspects; Administration, Ecclesiastical Education, Welfare Education, Propagation of Buddhism, Public Assistance, and Public Welfare. The leaders in all levels should achieve the aforementioned leadership and administrate their organizations successfully in accordance with full qualification of self-realization, moralization, intellectualization, naturalization and generalization.
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