Effects of pattern systems on production performance and egg quality of laying hen
The objective of this research was to evaluate the effects of pattern raising systems on production performance and egg quality of laying hens. A total of 120 laying hens and age of 30 weeks were using Completely Randomized Design (CRD). This study was divided into 2 patterns: (1) conventional battery cage pattern and (2) floor pen pattern. The conventional battery cage pattern had dimension of 30 × 40 × 37 cm with 2 laying hens each while in floor pen pattern was 5 m2 with 10 laying hens each. Each treatment had 10 replicates (120 laying hens in total). All laying hens were provided with the same diet during 30 days of experimental period. The results showed that the laying hen pattern systems affected to egg production performance such as feed intake, egg production, feed conversion ratio, and egg weight, and egg quality such as Haugh unit (P<0.05) except for shell thickness, yolk color, shell weight, yolk weight, albumen weight and albumen height (P>0.05). The laying hens in the conventional battery cage pattern had higher feed intake, egg production, shell thickness and shell weight than the hens in the floor pen pattern. However, the hens in the floor pen pattern had better feed conversion ratio, egg weight, yolk color, yolk weight, albumen weight, albumen height and Haugh unit than the hens in the conventional battery cage pattern.
2. Singh K, Cheng KM, Silversides FG. Production performance and egg quality of four strains of laying hens kept in conventional cages and floor pens. Poult Sci J. 2009; 88(2): 256-264.
3. Intharamongkol J. Free-range organic egg/Happy chick. Livestock Organic Center. Bureau of Animal Husbandry and Genetic Improvement. Department of Livestock Development, Bangkok, Thailand; 2010.
4. Englmaierova M, Tumova E, Charvatova V, Skrivan M. Effect of laying hens housing system on laying performance egg quality characteristics and egg microbial contamination. Czech Journal of Animal Science. 2014; 59(8): 345–352.
5. Thukhanon B. Effect of laying hen rearing systems on production performance, egg quality, cholesterol content and fatty acid composition of egg. Master of science in Animal production technology, Suranaree University of Technology, Thailand; 2014.
6. NRC. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th Ed. National Academy Press. Washington DC, USA; 1994.
7. Hunton P. Egg production, processing and marketing. Word Poultry Science. Elsevier, Tokyo; 1995.
8. SAS. SAS Online Dec 9.13. SAS Institute Inc. Cary, NC, USA; 2004.
9. Duncan DB. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics. 1995; 11: 1-42.
10. Yakubu A, Salako AE, Ige AO. Effects of genotype and housing system on the laying performance of chickens in different seasons in the semi-humid tropics. Int J Poult Sci. 2007; 6(6): 434-439.
11. Inbaraj S, Sejian V, Bagath M, Bhatta R. Impact of Heat Stress on Immune Responses of Livestock: A Review. Pertanika J Trop Agric Sci. 2016; 39(4): 459-482.
12. Yildirim H, Kaya S. Egg production and quality traits of layers kept in free range housing system. Greener J Agric Sci. 2017; 7(2): 61-64.
13. Wang XL, Zheng JX, Ning ZH, Qu LJ, Xu GY, Yang N. Laying performance and egg quality of blue-shelled layers as affected by different housing systems. Poult Sci J. 2009; 88(7): 1485-1492.
14. Basmacioglu H, Ergul M. Research on the factors affecting cholesterol content and some other characteristics of eggs in laying hens. Turk J of Vet and Anim Sci. 2005; 29: 157-164.
15. Tauson R, Wahlstrom A, Abrahamsson P. Effect of two floor housing systems and cages on health production and fear response in layers. J Appl Poult Res. 1999; 8(2): 152–159. doi.org/10.1093/japr/8.2.152
16. Fanatico A. Alternative poultry production systems and outdoor access. ATTRA, National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service. [Internet]. [Cited 2019 May 3] Available at: http:// https://www.agmrc.org/media/cms/poultryoverview_C94A4014AFB0C.pdf.
17. Castellini C, Mugnai C, Dal Bosco A. Effect of organic production system on broiler carcass and meat quality. Meat Sci. 2002; 60(3): 219-225.
18. Petek M, Alpay F, Gezen SS. Cibik R. Effects of housing system and age on early stage egg production and quality in commercial laying hens. Journal of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafkas University. 2009; 15(1): 57-62.
19. Tumova E, Englmaierova M, Ledvinka Z, Charvatova V. Interaction between housing system and genotype in relation to internal and external egg quality parameters. Czech J Anim Sci. 2011; 56(11): 490–498.
20. Tumova E, Ebeid T. Effect of time of oviposition on egg quality characteristics in cages and in a litter housing system. Czech J Anim Sci. 2005; 50(3): 129–134.
21. Lichovnikova M, Zeman L. Effect of housing system on the calcium requirement of laying hens and on eggshell quality. Czech J Anim Sci. 2008; 53(4): 162–168.
22. Tumova E, Skrivan M, Englmaierova M, Zita L. The effect of genotype, housing system and egg collection time on egg quality in egg type hens. Czech Journal of Animal Science. 2009; 54(1): 17–23.
23. Molee W. Effect of Free Range Native Chicken Farming on Growth Performance, Cholesterol Content and Fatty Acid Composition of Meat. Full Report Research. Suranaree University of Technology, Thailand; 2012.
24. Anderson KE, Adams AW. Effects of cage versus floor environments and cage floor mesh size on bone strength, fearfulness and production of single comb White Leghorn hens. Poult Sci. 1994; 73(8): 1233–1240.
25. Tumova E, Ebeid T. Effect of housing system on performance and egg quality characteristics in laying hens. Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica. 2003; 34: 73–80.
ผู้นิพนธ์ต้องรับผิดชอบข้อความในบทนิพนธ์ของตน มหาวิทยาลัยพะเยาไม่จำเป็นต้องเห็นด้วยกับบทความที่ตีพิมพ์เสมอไป ผู้สนใจสามารถคัดลอก และนำไปใช้ได้ แต่จะต้องขออนุมัติเจ้าของ และได้รับการอนุมัติเป็นลายลักษณ์อักษรก่อน พร้อมกับมีการอ้างอิงและกล่าวคำขอบคุณให้ถูกต้องด้วย
The authors are themselves responsible for their contents. Signed articles may not always reflect the opinion of University of Phayao. The articles can be reproduced and reprinted, provided that permission is given by the authors and acknowledgement must be given.