The Possibility of Utilizing Inter-modal Transport with Mae Klong River for Reducing Sugar

Main Article Content

วัชระ เพชรดิน สุมาลี สุขดานนท์ จิตติชัย รุจนกนกนาฏ


This paper studies the possibility of using inter-modal transport with Mae Klong River for sugar transportation options in the Western of Thailand.  The cost of transport by truck, and inter–modal transport through Chao Phraya River are analyzed. Primary data from field survey and secondary data from transport-related agencies are used in the study.  The result shows that the inter-modal transport through Mae Klong River costs higher than Chao Phraya River.  While taking the cost of land transport into analysis, the result shows that the inter–modal transport costs lower.  For sustainable transportation, public sector should encourage usage of proposed inter-modal transport and private sector should cooperate in planning in order to reduce transportation costs.


Article Details

How to Cite
เพชรดินว., สุขดานนท์ส., & รุจนกนกนาฏจ. (2018). The Possibility of Utilizing Inter-modal Transport with Mae Klong River for Reducing Sugar. Journal of Social Development, 20(2), 63 - 85. Retrieved from
บทความวิจัย Research Article


1. Agbo, A. A., Li, W., Atombo, C., Lodewijks, G., & Zheng, L. (2017). Feasibility Study for the Introduction of Synchromodal Freight Transportation Concept. Cogent Engineering, 4.

2. Baird, A. (2004). Investigating the Feasibility of Fast Sea Transport Services. Maritime Economics and Logistics, 6(3), 252–269.

3. Casaca, A. C. P., & Marlow, P. B. (2002). Strengths and Weaknesses of Short Sea Shipping. Marine Policy, 26(3), 167–178.

4. Casaca, A. C. P., & Marlow, P. B. (2009). Logistics Strategies for Short Sea Shipping Operating as Part of Multimodal Transport Chains. Maritime Policy & Management, 36(1), 1–19.

5. Department of Land Transport. (2010). Final Report on the Study of Truck Transportation Costs (Vol. 1/2). First Edition. Retrieved from Bangkok: Department of Land Transport.

6. European Commission. (1999). The Development of Short Sea Shipping in Europe: A Dynamic Alternative in Sustainable Transport Chain Second Two–yearly Progress Report.

7. Kongsawatvorakul, A., Prabnasak, J., & Vuchlung, C. (2016). An Investigation of Inland Water Transportation Situation, Tugging Charge and Conditions of River in Chao–Phraya Basin, Thailand. Paper presented at the Transport and Logistic International 2016, Taiwan.

8. Konings, R., Kreutzberger, E., & Maraš, V. (2013). Major Considerations in Developing a Huband-Spoke Network to Improve the Cost Performance of Container Barge Transport in the Hinterland: the Case of the Port of Rotterdam. Journal of Transport Geography, 29.

9. Konishi, Y., Nishiyama, Y., & Sung, J.-e. (2012). Determinants of Transport Costs for Inter–regional Trade. Paper presented at the RIETI Discussion Paper Series 12–E–016, Vienna, Austria.

10. Loon, C. K. (2009). Short–Sea Transport and Economic Development in Penang. Business Intelligence Journal, 2(2).

11. M. Zhang, & Pel, A. J. (2016). Synchromodal Hinterland Freight Transport: Model Study for the Port of Rotterdam. Journal of Transport Geography, 52, 1–10.

12. Medda, F., & Trujillo, L. (2010). Short-Sea Shipping: An Analysis of Its Determinants. Maritime Policy & Management, 37(3), 285–303.

13. Phakbunmeecharoen, W. (2012). Factor Affecting the Management of Logistics in Freight Transport Routes Water Gulf of Thailand Chao Phraya and Pa Sak River. (Master), Phranakhon Si Ayutthaya Rajabhat University, Phranakhon Si Ayutthaya.

14. Rohács, J., & Simongáti, G. (2007). The Role of Inland Waterway Navigation in a Sustainable Transport System. Transport, 22(3), 148–153.

15. Rudjanakanoknad, J., & Sukdanont, S. (2015). The Use of Inland Waterways in Central Region to Reduce Transport Costs of Agricultural Products.

16. Suárez-Alemán, A., Trujillo, L., & Medda, F. (2015). Short Sea Shipping as Intermodal Competitor: A Theoretical Analysis of European Transport Policies. Maritime Policy & Management, 42(4), 317–334.

17. Sukdanont, S. (2017). The Use of Inland Waterways in the Western Region for Sugar Transportation. Bangkok: Transportation Institute, Chulalongkorn University.

18. Thailand Development Research Institute (TDRI). (2012).TheStudy of Supply Chain Management and Logistics for Agricultural Products (Vol. 1 ) . Bangkok: Office of the National Economics and Social Development Board.

19. Tzannatos, E., Tselentis, B., & Corres, A. (2016). An Inland Waterway Freight Service in Comparison to Land–Based Alternatives in South-Eastern Europe: Energy Efficiency and Air Quality Performance. Transport, 31(1), 119–126.