The dynamics of natural resource protection based on social capital in Klongtalay community, Phang-Nga province

Main Article Content

ธีระพงษ์ วงษ์นา อาแว มะแส


The objectives of this research are to investigate the process and dynamics of social movement to protect local natural resources; to identify aspects of social capital applied by the community to protect natural resources; and to analyze effects of applying social capital in mobilizing the process of natural resource protection. The research operation was based on the qualitative research approach. Data were collected mainly through in-depth interviews and non-participation observation. Results of the study reveal that the social capital in Klongtalay community is composed of 2 types; the social capital traditionally existing within the community referring to the relationship of community members bonded by the thinking system based on Islamic belief and kinship; and the social capital linking to outside connection in a form of network emerging through help or support from groups or organizations outside the community. Both types of social capital interact each other through exchange of ideas and knowledge, which further develop towards civil practice actions appearing in a form movement to protect natural resources. The movement brings about increasing villagers’ capacity in protecting natural resources leading to upholding the community rights in natural resource management and creating social equality among community members. Important suggestions from this study are as follows; each local community should arrange the knowledge management related to social capital and natural resource protection. Nonetheless, the state roles should emphasize on building trust with local people and the civil society sector through active participation so that development projects undertaken at the local level will be socially equitable and unnecessary conflicts can be avoided.


Article Details

How to Cite
วงษ์นาธ., & มะแสอ. (2018). The dynamics of natural resource protection based on social capital in Klongtalay community, Phang-Nga province. Journal of Social Development, 20(2), 133 - 149. Retrieved from
บทความวิจัย Research Article


1. Boonmee, T. 2004. Civil Society. [in Thai]. Bangkok: Sinetharn Publishing.

2. Bunnag, C. 2011. A Conceptual Review on Common-Pool Resource Management: Thai and global experiences. [in Thai]. A Volume in the Series “Conceptual Review for Thailand Reform”. Bangkok: Office of National Reform Assembly.

3. Charoensin-o-larn, C. 1997. New Social Movements. [in Thai]. Bangkok: Vibhasa Publishing.

4. Chai-amporn, S. 2003. Social capital on the existence of Thai society. [in Thai]. Journal of Social Development. 7: 46-73.

5. Jules Pretty and Hugh Ward. 2001. Social Capital and the Environment. World Development. 29(2): 209-227.

6. Karnchanapan, A. 2000. The Dynamics of Local Resources Management: Paradigm and Policy. [in Thai]. Bangkok: The Thailand Research Fund (TRF).

7. Karnchanapan, A. 2 0 15. Social Capital and Urban Development. [in Thai]. Retrieved from %92%E0%B8%99%E0% 97_.pdf

8. Kusumawalee, K. 2004. The Natural Resource Management at Koh Petch, Hua Sai, Nakhon Sri thammarat province. [in Thai]. Bangkok: The Thailand Research Fund (TRF).

9. Office of the Royal Society. 2003. Thai official dictionary of Royal Institute. [in Thai]. Bangkok: Nanmeebooks Publications.

10. Poudel, K. L., Johnson, T. G. and Mishra, B. 2014. Social Capital and Collective Management of Natural Resources in Nepal: A case study of community forestry. Agrarian Frontiers. 2(1): 21-34.

11. Putnam, R. D. 1993. Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern ltaly. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

12. Romratanapan, W. 2005. Social Capital. [in Thai]. Bangkok: The Thailand Research Fund (TRF).

13. Santasombat, Y. 2003. Biodiversity: local knowledge and sustainable development. Chiang Mai: Regional Center for Social Science and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Social Sciences, Chiang Mai University.

14. Sindecharak, T., et al. 2016. Social justice: An attempt to measure and analyze. [in Thai]. Thammasat Journal. 35 (1): 164-191.

15. Supawong, C. 1997. The Concept and Development of Thai Civil Society. [in Thai]. Bangkok:
Local Development Institute.

16. Trakulwaranon, P. 2009. Social Capital and Civil Society: theories and practices. [in Thai]. Bangkok: Sanya Thammasak Democratic Institute, Thammasat University.

17. Wasi, P. 1998. Community Empowerment: social capital in Thailand. [in Thai]. Bangkok: Social Investment Fund - SIF.

18. Wongna, T. 2014. Fairness: various perspectives leading to the creation of fairness index.
[in Thai]. Thammasat Journal. 33 (2): 131-150.