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The objective of this study was to examine health based on the concept of Bhavana 4 among Buddhist monks in Phichit province. There were 379 monks participated in the study. Five questionnaires were used to collected data, including demographic form, WHO Steps questionnaire, Thai GHQ-28, social health questionnaire, and intellectual health questionnaire. Descriptive analysis was used for data analysis.
Results found that for physical health, 43.49% were obese, 39.21% were central obese. According to dyslipidemia, percentage of monks who had abnormal value of total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and triglycerides were 32.01, 14.33, 30.28, and 22.56, respectively. According to physical examination, hypertension was found among 40.09% For diabetes, 11.96% had impaired fasting plasma glucose while 12.58% had diabetes. In addition, 6.71% had high level of creatinine. For mental health, 10.66% had abnormal GHQ. Additionally, social health and intellectual health were at moderate level.
Results revealed that monks had changes in physical health. Monks had higher prevalence of non-communicable diseases’ risk factors more than Thai men. Thus, health promotion among monks is important, urgent, and challenges for all stakeholders. Collaborative intervention to promote health and well-being among monks is needed to enhance health and well-being among monks.
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