PUBLIC OPINION TOWARDS THE POLICY OF UPGRADING TAMBON ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION TO MUNICIPALITIES IN THAILAND

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อนงค์วิชญา สาริบุตร

Abstract

This study has the following three objectives: 1) To study Public Opinion towards the Policy of Upgrading Tambon Administrative Organizations to Municipalities in Thailand.  (2) To study the essential factors affecting Public Opinion towards the Policy of Upgrading Tambon Administrative Organizations to Municipalities in Thailand.  (3) To propose the guideline for implementation of the Policy of Upgrading Tambon Administrative Organizations to Municipalities in Thailand.  The researcher focuses on mixed method research in qualitative and quantitative research.  The data collection was through in-depth interviews focusing on 25 samples, focus group discussion by eight experts and questionnaires by 377 samples.  The data analysis for in-depth interviews research were content analysis and analytic induction.  And data analysis for quantitative research were frequency, percentage, t-test, One-way ANAVA, Pearson Correlation Coefficient (r), P-Value, mean, and Standard Deviation.


The results of this research were as follows:


The first objective: public opinion towards the policy of upgrading Tambon Administrative Organizations to Municipalities in Thailand.  From result of in-depth interview analysis, the researcher discovered that (1) Municipal type, it is very good type like Japan, France, etc. (2) Learning, it is very good for local people which municipality could establish learning organization and learning activities that make local people acquire wisdom, knowledge or skill by systematic study or modification of behavior through practice, training, or experience.  (3) Efficiency, municipality could make local people receive public service better than Tambon Administrative Organization such as family registration work etc.  (4) Economy, municipality has more income than Tambon Administrative Organization because municipality has tax base broader than those TAO has, so municipality could make economy better than Tambon Administrative Organization and make local people have well-being in their lives.  And from survey research (questionnaires) analysis found that factors of (1) municipal type (2) learning (3) efficiency and (4) economy were highly suitable (Average 3.87-3.91, 3.87-3.93, 3.87-3.89, and 3.81-3.86 respectively)


The second objective: essential factors affecting public opinion towards the policy of upgrading Tambon Administrative Organizations to municipalities.  From result of in-depth interview analysis found that firstly, the structure of Tambon Administrative Organization has two branches (1) executive branch and (2) legislative branch according to theory of democracy or “balance of power” secondly, leadership of Tambon Administrative Organization’s mayor, most Tambon Administrative Organization’s mayors are good in leadership thirdly, system of Tambon Administrative Organization’s income come from three ways (1) revenues collecting by itself; (2) revenues from other government agencies and (3) revenues in the form of subsidy, and fourthly, Tambon Administrative Organization’s environment, essential environments have two environment consisting of natural disaster such as wind-storm, flood, draught and social environment that some people, particularly young generation, have immigrated to work in big cities.  And from result of survey research (questionnaire) analysis found that factors of (1) structure of Tambon Administrative Organization (2) leadership of Tambon Administrative Organization’s mayor (3) system of Tambon Administrative Organization’s income and (4) Tambon Administrative Organization’s environment were highly suitable (Average 3.54-4.16, 3.47-3.81, 3.46-4.04, and 3.11-3.56 respectively).


And for the third objective, the research proposes that a guideline for implementation of the policy of upgrading Tambon Administrative Organizations to Municipalities in Thailand consisting of two cases: (1) a case of upgrading Tambon Administrative Organization to municipality according to conditions of the law enforcement, and (2) a case of merging Tambon Administrative Organization with another municipality or another Tambon Administrative Organization which propose to expand the time for 4 years (2020-2023).

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บทความวิจัย (Research Articles)

References

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