The Strategies for Teachers Competency Development on STEM Education in Small-sized Schools

Main Article Content

phasina - tangchuang


The objectives of this study were to: 1. study the existing situations of small-sized school teachers on STEM Education, 2. identify factors and conditions that effected to small-sized school teachers on STEM Education, and 3. propose strategies for teachers competency development on STEM Education in small-sized schools. Mixed methods were employed in data gathering: in-depth interviewing, observation and verifying the strategies for teachers competency development on STEM Education. Key informants composed of 7 teachers who received Thailand STEM Education Teacher Awards round 1 during B.E. 2557-2561 from 5 schools located in 3 northern provinces, 5 teachers who participated in competency development and 5 schools directors.

          Findings revealed that: 1. Every small-sized school is located in small and poor communities, with 55-119 students and 3-10 teachers. Each classroom composed of 5-10 students. They are teachers shortening in specific subjects. According to applying the STEM Education, teachers need cooperation among core mathematics, science and other teachers, local wisdom and innovative technology. 2. There are 2 most important key factors and conditions of success: teacher inspirations and school directors 3. Strategies for teachers competency development on STEM Education composed of: School directors must be leaders to stimulate teachers to deeply understand contexts and environments; School directors must build up better relationship between schools and communities and invite local wisdoms to teamwork with schools; School directors must turn crisis into opportunity by applying PLC among students and teachers; while school directors must nurture internal and external collaborations, and finally school committees and everyone must listen to each other and find ways for sustainable development. It is also recommended that higher education instructors continue their teachings by applying STEM Education to nurture students’ creativity competences.


Article Details

How to Cite
tangchuang, phasina. (2019). The Strategies for Teachers Competency Development on STEM Education in Small-sized Schools. KASALONGKHAM RESEARCH JOURNAL, 13(1), 71-81. Retrieved from
(Research Article)


Andersson, Catarina (2015) Professional development in formative assessment:
Effects on teacher classroom practice and student achievement Department
of Science and Mathematics Education Retrieved on 10/7/2018 from:
Beatty, Alexandra (2011) Successful STEM Education A Workshop Summary.
Washington, D.C. The National Academies Press.
Benj Kitikhun(2556) New paradigms of didactic competencies enhancement for
mathematics teacher in educational opportunity expansion. Unpublished
Ph.D. Dissertation. Faculty of Education, Chiang Mai University (in Thai)
Berry, B., Johnson, D., & Montgomery, D. (2005). “The power of teacher leadership.”
Educational Leadership. Vol.62, No.5.
Blanco, Lorenzo J.(online) Errors in the Teaching/Learning of the Basic Concepts
of Geometry. Retrieved on 15 May 2016 from:
Breiner, J. M., Carla, C. J., Harkness, S. S., & Koehler, C. M.. (2012). “What is STEM? A
discussion about conceptions of STEM in education and Shelly Sheats
Harkness Partnerships” School Science and Mathematics, 112 (1), 3-11.
Coman, Alex and Ronen, Boaz (2009) “Focused SWOT: diagnosing critical strengths
and weaknesses” International Journal of Production Research Vol. 47,
No. 20, 15 October 2009, 5677–5689.
compaq4602213 (Online) Second Revolution. Retrieved on 10/4/2557 fromการปฏิรูปการศึกษารอบ-2
Creswell, John W. (2009 3rd Ed.) Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and
Mixed Methods Approaches. Los Angeles: SAGE.
Danairat Katkasem (2561) In-depth interview on STEM Education. On 7/07/2561
during 11:00-12:30 a.m. at BanKardPrachanukroh School Amphoe Sungmen
Phrae Province (in Thai)
_______ (2018) The Professional Development of STEM Teacher in
Secondary School by Participatory Action Research. Thesis Ph.D. in
Educational Administration, Naresuan University, 2018(in Thai)
Darling-Hammond, Linda (2010) “Teacher Education and the American Future”
Journal of Teacher Education. 61(1-2) 35–47
Ejiwale, James A. (2013). “Barriers to successful implementation of STEM
education.” Journal of Education and Learning. Vol.7 (2) pp. 63-74.
Krissanapong Kirtikara (2552) Crisis paradigm for educational reform. Nonthaburi:
Limited Company (in Thai)
Lamphai Intathep, (2014) “ONESQA rates schools, unis poorly in student learning”
Bangkok Post 28 Feb.
Miller, Raegen T.; Murnane, Richard J. and Willett, John B.(2007) Do Teacher
Absences Impact Student Achievement? Longitudinal Evidence from
one Urban School District Working Paper 13356 National Bureau of
Economic Research
Mounier, Alain and Phasina Tangchuang(2010) “Quality: The Major Issue in Thai
Education” in Mounier, Alain and Phasina Tangchuang(Editors) Education
and Knowledge in Thailand: The Quality Controversy. Chiang Mai:
Silkworm Books.
_______(2018) “Quality issues of education in Thailand.” in Fry, Jerry(Editor)
Educational in Thailand: An old elephant in search of a new mahout.
Singapore: Springer.
Nuchnart Soontornpan (n.d.) Concept of Lifelong Education Retrieved on 10/07/2017
from: 1-1&Itemid=27 (in Thai)
Phasina Tangchuang(2010) “Becoming a Reflexive Teacher: Lesson learned from
Action HRD Research” a paper submitted to the 14th UNESCO-APEID
International Conference Education for Human Resource Development 21-
23 October Bangkok, Thailand.
_______(2552) “Lessons Learned from Teacher Competency Development using
Reflective teaching process through Video Taping” Journal of Education.
Vol. 36 No.1-2 January-December (in Thai)
______(2554) The Models of Educational Personnel Competency Development.
Bangkok: Duang Kamol Publishing Company (in Thai)
Phasina Tangchuang and Alain Mounier(2552) “Research programmes and building
research capacity within the CELS 2008-2011: experiences, lessons, perspective
and prospects” Journal of Education.Vol.36, No.1-2 January-December(in Thai)
Phinyaphat Kawinkham(2017) “The Competencies Development of Teachers for Small
Sized-School in Tambon iangchai” Kasalongkham Research Journal. Vol.11, No.3 Special Issue. (in Thai)
Phunnudt Chaicom and Poonchai Yawirach(2561) “The Development of School
Administration Model Using School-based Management fo Local Development
Approach of Schools under Local Administrative Organization in Chiang Rai
Province” Kasalongkham Research Journal, Chiangrai Rajabhat University.
Vol.12 No.2 July-December
Pollard, Andrew; ANDERSON, Julie; Maddock, Mandy, Swaffield, Sue; Warin, Jo and
Warwick, Paul(2008). Reflective Teaching: Evidence-informed Professional
Practice(3rd Ed.) London: Continuum International Publishing Group
Pongtawan Nantasiri; Wiboonporn Wuthikhun; Nattakhet Maneekorn; Kerg Kittikhun,
Rachnikorn Kuslanont and Kongrit Luangtrairat(2017) “The Pattern of Urban
Planning for the Risk of Mae Chan Fault Line to Support the Earthquake
Disaster”. Kasalongkham Research Journal. Vol.11, No.3 Special Issue. (in Thai)
Porntip Siripatrachai (2556) “STEM Education and 21st Century Skills Development”
Executive Journal Vol. 33 No. 2 April-June 2556 Retrieved on 10/07/2559 from:
(in Thai)
Siriporn Asasuk, Nuloolkud Talang and Wandee Rakrai (2017) Promoting Young
Inventors by using STEM Education to learning achievement improvement
and Attitude on Science of Science Mattayomsuksa 3 Students. Report from
the 1st Research National Conference “Innovation, Creation and King’s
Philosophy for Sustainable Development Thailand 4.0” (in Thai)
Sumonta, Promboon; Finley, Fred N. And Kittisak Kaweekijmanee(2018). “The
Evolution and current status of STEM Education in Thailand: Policy directions
and recommendations.” In Fry, Jerry(Editor) Educational in Thailand: An
old elephant in search of a new mahout. Singapore: Springer
The Institute for the Promotion of Teaching Science and Technology (n.d.) Programme for
International Assessment OECD/PISA. Retrieved on 25/7/59 from: (in Thai)
Tytler, Russell; Osborne, Jonathan; Williams, Gaye; Tytler, Kristen and Cripps Clark,
John (2008) Opening up pathways: Engagement in STEM across the
Primary-Secondary school transition : A review of the literature
concerning supports and barriers to Science, Technology, Engineering
and Mathematics engagement at Primary Secondary transition.
Commissioned by the Australian Department of Education, Employment
and Workplace Relations FINAL REPORT, June. Australian Department of
Education, Employment and Workplace Relations.
Utai Parinyasutinun (2016) “SWOT Analysis: Spotlight to Strategic Management and
the Community Can Do It” Suranaree J. Soc. Sci. Vol. 10 No. 2; December 2016
(137-157) (in Thai)
Visarut Tangchuang(2014). “Education and the school-to-work Transition: Comparing
Policies and Practices in the Greater Mekhong Sub-region(GMS)” in Fashoyin,
Tayo and Tiraboschi, Michele(Eds.) Tackling Youth unemployment. UK:
Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Wicharn Panich (2553) Influence of Politician towards Quality of Higher Education
Retrieved on 24/04/2553 from: (in
Wichit Thepprasit1, Ratchada Thepprasit, Kamthorn Muakul and Harnsuk Lebkrut(2017)
“5 Steps Learning Process Using eDLTV Media to Develop Mathematics Subject
Learning Achievement” Kasalongkham Research Journal. Vol.11, No.3 Special Issue. (in Thai)
Witayakorn Chiengkul (2009) Strategy for Quality Education Development. Retrieved
on 03/02/2552 from: (in Thai)
Withwin Chanlue, Suphawan Huangchang and Araya Mongchamnankit (2561) Problem
Solving Skill Development and Mental Science, Physic subject on Sound
wave, Mattayomsuksa 5 by using STEM Education International Conference.
Rangsit University 2561 (in Thai)Yeo, Roland K. Yeo(2008) “How does learning
(not) take place in problem-based learning ctivities in workplace contexts?”
Human Resource Development International. Vol. 11, No. 3, July, 317–330
Zaniewski, Anna M. and Reinholz, Daniel (2016) “Increasing STEM success: a near-
peer mentoring program in the physical sciences” International Journal of
STEM Education, 3:14
Zidan, S. S.(2001) “The role of HRD in economic development” Human
Resource Development Quarterly.12(4), 43