Effects of Health Literacy and Self-Efficacy Developing Program for Promote Pregnancy Prevention Behavior

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Nattaya Kaewpipob Pannee Banchonhattakit

Abstract

Premature pregnancy problems effects to adolescents in abortion and infants may be
die from birth. Adolescents are no opportunity to study continually. So, it is necessary to
prevent and reduce teen-age mother problem. This research was a quasi – experimental
research aimed to test the effects of Health Literacy and Self Efficacy Promoting Program to
premature pregnancy prevention among mathayomsuksa 2 female students. The samples were
80 students that divided into 39 experimental group and 41 comparison group. The
experimental group was received health literacy and self-efficacy promoting program that
comprised of knowledge increasing by lecture with media, games, brain storming, role play,
offer a model, group discussion, etc. Data was collected by questionnaires. and were analyzed
by descriptive statistics such as percentage, mean, standard deviation, maximum , and
minimum score. Comparative data were used inferential statistics such as paired sample t-test,
independent sample t-test. at 95% singnificance
The results revealed that after experiment, the experimental group had higher mean
scores of health literacy, perceived self-efficacy, outcome expectation to premature pregnancy
prevention, and intention to practice for pregnant prevention than those before and
comparison group significantly (p-value < 0.001). This Program can be used guideline to
promote sexual health of adolescents.

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