The Effect of a Protection Motivation Program on Pap Smear Screening Among Muslim Women Health Volunteers

  • Siriwan Janjng Student Program in Master of Nursing Science Program in Community Nurse Practitioner
  • Patcharaporn Kerdmongkol Department of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
  • Tassanee Rawiworrakul Department of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
Keywords: Motivation, Pap smear screening, Health volunteers, Muslim women

Abstract

                  Cervical cancer is a major public health problem that is inclined to increase. However, the rate of cervical cancer screening is inclined to decrease, especially in Muslim women groups. A quasi-experimental study aimed to study the effect of a protection motivation program on pap smear screening among Muslim women health volunteers. Sixty four of Muslim women health volunteers participated in this study, were equally randomized into a treatment or a control group.  The experimental group received a protection motivation program for pap smear screening 2 times and follow-up via telephone. The comparison group received cervical cancer documentation.  Data were collected by using questionnaires and were analyzed by using Paired t-test and Independent t-test.

                   The results indicated that the number of pap smear screening sample of the experimental group was higher than the comparison group, which accounted for 93.8 %. The experimental group had mean score of perceived severity regarded to cervical cancer, perceived probability regarded to cervical cancer, and self-efficacy expectancy toward behavior in cervical cancer prevention after receiving the program better than before receiving the program and comparison group.  The difference was statistically significant. (p<0.001) Findings suggested that protection motivation program on pap smear screening for Muslim women health volunteers could be applied to promote in pap smear screening among women in other communities.

Published
2019-11-20