Effectiveness of a Self-Efficacy Enhancement Program on Using Wheelchair of Patients with Spinal Cord Injury

  • Sukrit Jaijumnong Student M.Sc. (Public Health) Program in Health Education and Health Promotion
  • Kwanmuang Kaeodumkoeng Department of Health Education and Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
  • Manirat Therawiwat Department of Health Education and Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
  • Paranee Wattanasomboon Department of Health Education and Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
Keywords: Self-Efficacy, Wheelchair training, Spinal Cord Injury

Abstract

         The quasi-experimental research, two group pretest-posttest design was aimed to study the effects of a self-efficacy enhancement program on using wheelchair. The 36 subjects with spinal cord injury who have been using a manual wheelchair no more than 6 months and aged 20 years or older participated in this study, were equally randomized into either an experimental or a comparative group. The experimental group was intervened through a self-efficacy enhancement program on using wheelchair 1.5 hours per session for four times while the control group attended regular services. Data was collected by a valid and reliable questionnaire (IOC > 0.80). The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Chi-square, Wilcoxon signed rank test and Mann-Whitney U test.

            The results indicated that after attending the program, the experimental group has significant improvements in terms of knowledge, self-efficacy, outcome expectations of wheelchair use, and wheelchair skills (p < 0.05). This significant statistics are higher than the comparative group. Conclusion, a self-efficacy enhancement program on using wheelchair has a positive effect on wheelchair skill training. This program could be one of alternative approaches that might be beneficial for persons with spinal cord injury to improve their wheelchair skills.

Published
2019-11-18