ปัจจัยที่มีโอกาสทำให้เกิดพัฒนาการด้านการใช้ภาษาไม่สมวัยในเด็กอายุ 9 เดือนในเขตจังหวัดขอนแก่น (Factors contributing to improper expressive language developmentin 9 months old age children in Khon Kaen Province)

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ต้องตา ขันธวิธิ รศ.ดร.จิราวรรณ แท่นวัฒนกุล

Abstract

การวิจัยครั้งนี้เป็นการวิจัยเชิงวิเคราะห์แบบ matched case-control เพื่อศึกษาปัจจัยที่มีโอกาสทำให้เกิดพัฒนาการด้านการใช้ภาษาไม่สมวัยในเด็กอายุ 9 เดือนในเขตจังหวัดขอนแก่น กลุ่มตัวอย่างเป็นผู้ดูแลเด็ก จับคู่กลุ่มตัวอย่างจำนวน 120 คน เป็นกลุ่มกรณีศึกษา และกลุ่มควบคุมจำนวนกลุ่มละ 60 คน วิเคราะห์ข้อมูลด้วยสถิติเชิงพรรณนา  ทดสอบความสัมพันธ์ด้วยสถิติ Mcnemar chi-square และวิเคราะห์ตัวแปรเชิงซ้อนด้วยสถิติ conditional logistic regression โดยโปรแกรมสำเร็จรูป stataผลการวิจัยพบว่า  ปัจจัยที่มีโอกาสทำให้เกิดพัฒนาการด้านการใช้ภาษาไม่สมวัยในเด็กอายุ 9 เดือนในจังหวัดขอนแก่น อย่างมีนัยสำคัญทางสถิติ ได้แก่  1) ความรู้การส่งเสริมพัฒนาการด้านการใช้ภาษา ORadj=3.87,95%CI=1.29-11.59  2) การรับรู้ความสามารถของตนเอง ORadj=6.78, 95%CI = 2.06-22.34 และ 3) รายได้ของครอบครัว ORadj=7.01, 95% CI = 1.72-28.53


This research was a matched case-control analysis which aimed to investigate the factors contributing to improper expressive language development of 9-month-old children in Khon Kaen Province. The samples were120 caregivers of children. They were paired and separated into the case study group and the control group: 60 people each. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics. The correlation was tested by Mcnemar chi-square statistic, and the complex variables were analyzed by conditional logistic by stata program. The research results revealed that the the factors contributing to improper expressive language development in 9 months old age children in Khon Kaen Province with statistical significance were 1) knowledge of expressive language development:ORadj=3.87, 95%CI=1.29-11.59  2) self-efficacy perception: ORadj= 6.78, 95%CI= 2.06-22.34  and 3) family income: ORadj= 7.01, 95%CI=1.72-28.53. 

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ขันธวิธิต., & แท่นวัฒนกุลร. (2018). ปัจจัยที่มีโอกาสทำให้เกิดพัฒนาการด้านการใช้ภาษาไม่สมวัยในเด็กอายุ 9 เดือนในเขตจังหวัดขอนแก่น (Factors contributing to improper expressive language developmentin 9 months old age children in Khon Kaen Province). Journal of Nursing Science and Health, 41(3), 87-97. Retrieved from https://www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/nah/article/view/122137
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