The Determination Criteria of Appropriate Location for The Construction of Truck Terminal in Thailand By using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)

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The logistics of Thailand has been improved in various aspects such as multimodal-transportation. In the present, Thailand has only three truck terminals which are located in surrounded of Bangkok Metropolitans Area. It is still not enough to reduce the overall transportation cost in Thailand. Therefore, Thai government has policy to build more truck terminals in other regions. In 1992, equally weighted four main factors were used by JICA to determine the appropriate locations which are (1) accessibility (2) goods volume (3) land use (4) land price. However, only these factors cannot cover other aspects for truck terminal location determination such as Special Economic Zone (SEZ), mega-transport infrastructure project, environmental impact and disaster risks. Therefore, this study aims to explore more factors and appropriate weight of each factor to determine an appropriate location which can more effectively decrease transportation cost in Thailand. The Delphi Technique and an Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) were employed to determine the weighted of influenced factor in this study. A case study of Phitsanulok Province.


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