Adsorption of copper and lead ions by chitosan powder and sodium tripolyphosphate-modified chitosan resin: Kinetics, mechanism and mass transfer
Chitosan powder (CS) and modified chitosan by sodium tripolyphosphate resin (CTP) using as adsorbents to adsorb copper and lead ions in solution were studied in the batch adsorption systems. CS and CTP showed higher selectivity towards lead ion over copper ion in the single metal system. However, it was found the adsorption capacity of copper ion for CS and CTP was 5.17 and 8.10 mg/g, respectively. The adsorption capacity of lead ion onto adsorbents was 7.23 and 8.95 mg/g, respectively. The pseudo-second order was fit to describe the kinetics of adsorption. The mechanism of the adsorption occurred in 3 steps. The rate limiting step for mechanism of adsorption was film diffusion. The external mass - transfer coefficient and intraparticle mass – transfer of CTP were higher than CS.
B. Unsri, “Uptake of Heavy Metals in Leaf Mustard at Difference Growth Period and Heavy Metal Concentrations in Sandy Loam Soil,” Undergraduate Thesis B. Sc. Natural Resources and Environment, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, 2015.
K. Piyamongkala, J. Talawat, P. Pothimongkolkul, and C. Kongsompa, “Kinetic Adsorption of Chromium (VI) from Electroplating Factory onto Chitosan Resin,” Journal of King Mongkuts University of Technology North Bangkok, Vol. 1, pp. 68-79, 2008.
F. Wu, R. Tseng, and R. Juang, “A review and experimental verification of using chitosan and its derivatives as adsorbents for selected heavy metals,” Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 91, pp. 798-806, 2010.
V. Chantawong, “Wastewater treatment from metal plating factory” Journal of King Mongkuts University of Technology North Bangkok, Vol. 9, pp. 4-8, 1999.
P. Chawakitcharoen, “Nickel recovery from electroplating wastewater using solvent extraction,” Journal of Thai Enviromenyal Engineering, Vol. 2, pp. 73-80, 2004.
R. Pinkaew, “Production and preparation of activated carbon from waste corncob for adsorption methane,” Research in Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Phetchabun Rajabhat University, Phetchabun, 2013.
O. Wisetrat, R. Ngamsombat, P. Saueprasearsit, and J. Prasara-A, “Adsorption of suspended oil using bagasse and modified bagasse,” Journal of science and technology Mahasarakham University, Vol.31, pp. 354-362, 2012.
Boundless, (2016, May 26) Boston. (1st ed.) [Online] Available: https://www.boundless.com/chemistry/textbooks/boundless-chemistry-textbook/periodic-properties-8/electron-configuration-68/the-shielding-effect-and-effective-nuclear-charge-319-7515/
S. Srisorachatr, “Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewater by white charcoal,” Srinakharinwirot Engineering Journal, Vol.10, pp. 22-31, 2015.
R.G. Pearson, “Hard and soft acids and bases, HSAB, part 1: Fundamental principles,” Journal of Chemical Education, Vol. 45, pp. 581-586, 1968.
O. Karnitz, L. Vinicius Alves Gurgel, J. Cesar Perin de Melo, V.R. Botaro, T.M. Sacramento Melo, R. Pereira de Freitas Gil, and L.F. Gil, “Adsorption of heavy metal ion from aqueous single metal solution by chemically modified sugarcane bagasse,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 98, pp. 1291-1297, 2007.
Y.S. Ho, “Review of second-order models for adsorption systems,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 136, pp. 681-689, 2006.
C.H. Wu, “Adsorption of reactive dye onto carbon nanotubes: Equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 144, pp. 93-100, 2007.
C.W. Cheung ., J.F. Porter, and G. Mckay, “Sorption kinetic analysis for the removal of cadmium ions from effluents using bone char,” Water Research, Vol. 35, pp. 605-612, 2001.
S. Sombatsri, C. Chankaew, P. Kumboonma, and W. Rongchapo, “Biosorption of copper(II) using fibroin from cocoon waste,” Journal of Science and Technology Ubon Ratchathani University, Vol.1, pp. 50-58, 2015.
Y.S. Ho, J.C.Y. Ng, and G. McKay, “Kinetics of pollutant sorption by biosorbents,” Separation and Purification Methods, Vol.29, pp. 189-232, 2000.
E.I. Unuabonah, K.O. Adebowale, and B.I. Olu-Owolabi, “Kinetic and thermodynamic studies of the adsorption of lead (II) ions onto phosphate-modified kaolinite clay,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol.144, pp. 386-395, 2007.
Y. Önal, , C. Akmil-Başar, C. Sarıcı-Özdemir, “Investigation kinetics mechanisms of adsorption malachite green onto activated carbon,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 146, 194–203, 2007.
E.I. Unuabonah, K.O. Adebowale, and B.I. Olu-Owolabi, “Kinetic and thermodynamic studies of the adsorption of lead (II) ions onto phosphate-modified kaolinite clay,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol.144, 386-395, 2007.
K.K.H. Choy, D.C.K. Ko, C.W. Cheung, J.F. Porter, and G. McKay, “Film and intraparticle mass transfer during the adsorption of metal ions onto bone char,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 271, pp. 284-295, 2004.
Y. Sag, and Y. Aktay, “Mass transfer and equilibrium studies for the sorption of chromium ions onto chitin,” Process Biochemistry, Vol. 36, pp. 157-173, 2000.
V.C. Srivastava, M.M. Swamy, and I.D. Mall, “Adsorptive removal of phenol by bagasse fly ash and activated carbon: Equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics,” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Vol. 272, pp. 89-104, 2006.
B. Chen, C.W. Hui and G. McKay, Film-pore diffusion modeling and contact time optimization for the adsorption of dyestuffs on pith,” Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 84, pp. 77-94, 2001.